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Verse 49: The Story of Kosiya, the Miserly Rich Man

While residing at the Jetavana monastery, the Buddha uttered Verse (49) of this book, with
reference to the Chief Disciple Maha Moggallana and the miserly rich man, Kosiya.

In the village of Sakkara, near Rajagaha, there lived a miserly rich man by the name of
Kosiya, who was very reluctant to give away even the tiniest part of anything belonging to
him. One day, to avoid sharing with others, the rich man and his wife were making some
pancakes in the uppermost storey of their house, where no one would see them.

Early in the morning, on that day, the Buddha through his supernormal power, saw the rich
man and his wife in his vision, and knew that both of them would soon attain Sotapatti
Fruition. So he sent his Chief Disciple Maha Moggallana to the house of the rich man, with
instructions to bring the couple to the Jetavana monastery in time for the midday meal. The
Chief Disciple, by supernormal power, reached Kosiya's house in an instant and stood at the
window. The rich man saw him and asked him to leave; the Venerable Maha Moggallana just
stood there without saying anything. In the end, Kosiya said to his wife, "Make a very small
pancake and give it to the Bhikkhu." So she took just a little amount of dough and put it in
the pan, and the cake filled up the whole pan. Kosiya thought his wife must have put in too
much, so he took just a pinch of dough and put it into the pan; his pancake also swelled into a
big one. It so happened that however little dough they might put in, they wore unable to make
small pancakes. At last, Kosiya asked his wife to offer one from the basket to the Bhikkhu.
When she tried to take out one from the basket it would not come off because all the
pancakes were sticking together and could not be separated. By this time Kosiya has lost all
appetite for pancakes and offered the whole basket of pancakes to Maha Moggallana. The
Chief Disciple then delivered a discourse on charity to the rich man and his wife. He also told
the couple about how the Buddha was waiting with five hundred Bhikkhus at the Jetavana
monastery in Savatthi, forty-five yojanas away from Rajagaha. Maha Moggallana, by his
supernormal power, then took both Kosiya and his wife together with their basket of
pancakes, to the presence of the Buddha. There, they offered the pancakes to the Buddha
and the five hundred Bhikkhus. At the end of the meal, the Buddha delivered a discourse on
charity, and both Kosiya and his wife attained Sotapatti Fruition.

Next evening, while the Bhikkhus were talking in praise of Maha Moggallana, the Buddha
came to them and said, "Bhikkhus, you should also dwell and act in the village like Maha
Moggallana, receiving the offerings of the villagers without affecting their faith and
generosity, or their wealth."

Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows:

Verse 49: As the bee collects nectar and flies away without damaging the flower or its colour
or its scent, so also, let the Bhikkhu dwell and act in the village (without affecting the faith
and generosity or the wealth of the villagers).

Translated by Daw Mya Tin, M.A.,
Burma Pitaka Association, Rangoon, Burma 1986.

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