What is the
Ability called Concentration?
Concentration is the
ability to focus all mental factors on 1 single object!
Concentration (samādhi) is a mental ability,
and a power, when stabilized...
Concentration is a
Awakening & a
Factor on the Noble 8-fold Way.
non-distraction, non-scatter, and non-diffusion of mind...
Concentration is collecting together, unifying, focusing,
mental release the object the Noble Disciple gains Samādhi,
achieves one-pointedness, and enters fixed, unified mental
The Definition of these 4 subtle Mental
5 mental hindrances,
the mental defects that
understanding, while quite secluded from all
detrimental mental state, one enters and dwells in the 1st jhāna; full
pleasure born of solitude, joined with directed thought and sustained thinking.
With the stilling of directed
thought and sustained thinking, one enters and
2nd jhāna, calmed assurance and unification of mind with joy
born of concentration, devoid of any thinking!
With the fading away of joy, in equanimity,
comprehending, one enters
and remains in the 3rd jhāna, still
feeling pleasure in the body, about which
Ones declare: In aware equanimity one abides in Happiness...
leaving behind of both pleasure and pain, as with the prior cessation of
both joy and sorrow, one enters and dwells in the 4th jhāna mental
an entirely stilled mental state of awareness, purified by the equanimity
The 1st Entrance:
As long as a
Bhikkhu does not perceive the disappearance of the
he feels as if in debt, in sickness, in bonds, in slavery, on a desert journey.
But when he
disappearance of the five hindrances in himself, it is as if he
from the debt, from the sickness, the bonds, the slavery, and from the desert dangers...
And when he knows that these
5 mental hindrances
have left him, then gladness arises
in him, from gladness comes joy, from the joy in his mind, his body is tranquillised!
With a calm body he delights in happiness, and this happiness
concentrates his mind.
Thus secluded from
sense-desires, isolated from detrimental states,
he enters and
remains in the 1st jhāna, which
and sustained evaluation,
born of seclusion, filled with pleasure and joy. With this
pleasure & joy born of seclusion,
he so permeates, drenches, fills and pervades his whole body that there is not even a
single spot in his body, that is not saturated by this pleasure,
and joy born of seclusion...
majesty, all rafters there are in a house with a ridged roof, they all lead to the
ridgepole, incline towards the ridgepole, lean on the ridgepole,
and this beam is termed
their peak summit, even and exactly just so, your Majesty, whatever advantageous
mental states there are, all of these are headed by concentration, incline towards
concentration, lean on concentration, is based on concentration ...
As, your majesty, a King might enter battle with an army of 4 parts, and the whole
the elephants, horses, chariots and foot-soldiers would be headed by him, incline towards
him, lean on him, and tend towards him, would follow after just him, even exactly so is this
unique concentration the chief, the captain, the commander, and the conductor of the
orchestra of mental states..
concentration that places and anchors the mind evenly on only 1 single object,
it settles and collects mind rightly together there.
Its characteristic is
all wandering, dispersal, and distraction. Its function is joining and binding together
of co-arisen mental states as water does for bath-powder. Its manifestation is
tranquillization, stilling, ceasing and peace.
Its proximate cause is especially happiness.
It should be seen as fixed steadiness of the mind, like the
fine stilled steadiness of a
candle-flame in complete absence of any perturbing
is excessively and addictively pleasant ;-)
how to attain the Jhāna absorptions: