The Blessed Buddha once said:
purity of verbal action fourfold?
Herein, one avoids lying, abstains from false. He speaks the truth,
is devoted to
the truth, reliable, trustable, never deceiving anyone. Being at a meeting, among
family, in society, or in the court called upon and asked as witness to tell what he
knows, he answers, if he knows nothing: I know nothing;
and if he knows, he answers:
I know! If he has seen nothing, he answers: I have seen nothing
and if he has seen
something, he answers: I have seen this and that. Thus he never deliberately speaks
a lie, neither for his own advantage, nor for the advantage of others, nor for the
sake of any trivial gain whatsoever.
He avoids divisive speech, spreading rumours, tale bearing,
and gossip. What he has
heard here, he does not repeat there, wishing to cause dissension there by splitting
those united. What he has heard there, he does not tell here, so to cause conflict by
splitting friends here.. Rather he unites those who are divided; and those who are
united he encourages. Harmony, peace, agreement and concord gladdens him.
He delights and rejoices in Harmony. He spreads
and grows Harmony!
He avoids harsh and aggressive language, he abstains from all scolding.
He speaks such words that are gentle, soothing to the ear, pleasing,
heart-touching, polite, dear, considerate, interesting
He avoids vain talk, empty and small talk, void speech and idle prattle!
He abstains from all babble, chitchat, tittle-tattle and evil hearsay.
He speaks at the right time, in accordance with facts, speaks what
is useful, speaks about the Dhamma and the Discipline; his speech is
like a precious treasure, well timed, always reasoned by arguments,
moderated, well formulated and full of sound reason,
and common sense.
In this -for all- very good way, is purity of verbal action fourfold!
Source (edited extract):
Numerical Discourses of the Buddha.
Anguttara Nikāya AN 10:176
on Right Speech (Sammā Vācā):
and Animal-like Talk:
Truth always Triumphs! from
Bhikkhu Samahita on