What is this essential Right Action?
The Noble Eightfold Way,
leading to Nibbāna, is simply this:
Right Speech, Right Action,
and Right Concentration. But
what is Right Action?
3-fold Definition of Right Action:
1: Avoiding all
killing, and any form of harming of any living being...
Abstaining from taking, and thus stealing whatever is not given...
3: Stopping all
adultery, and any sexual abuse of illegitimate partners ...
That is Right Action!
The Characterization of Right Action.
The blessed Buddha said:
Friends, it is caused by behaviour in conflict with the Dhamma,
that some beings here, right at the breakup of the body,
right after death, reappear lost in
states of pain, in an unhappy destination,
in the downfall dimensions, even in the hells...
It is caused by behaviour in harmony with the
Dhamma, caused by
that some beings here, on the breakup of the body,
after the death,
reappear in a happy
destination, even in the divine
And which are the 3 kinds of bodily moral behaviour that
are in good harmony
with the Dhamma?
1: Here one, stops all killing of living beings, abstains from injuring living beings;
with weapon and
stick laid aside, gentle and kind, such good one
dwells in harmless sympathy towards all beings.
2: Avoiding the taking of what is not given, one refrains from stealing what is
not freely given.
One does not take by way of theft the wealth
and property of
others, neither in the village,
nor in the forest.
3: Abandoning abuse of sensual pleasures, such one gives up misuse in
One does not have sexual intercourse with partners, who are protected by
their mother, or father,
or mother and father, or brother, or sister, or relatives,
who is married, betrothed to another,
who are protected by law, in prison, or
who are engaged to other side.
That is how there are three kinds of advantageous bodily moral behaviour
is in good harmony
with the true Dhamma... Such is Right Action!
Primary of these is the ending of intentional killing or destroying
either by physical action, or by verbal incitement, ranging from killing
eggs of lice
and bugs, or causing abortion, to any slaughter of living creatures,
Restraint from taking, what is not given, means abstaining from
taking, with intention
to steal, living beings or non-living articles, which have another owner.
misappropriating them, without owner's consent, either by physical
effort or by
inciting another to do so.
Restraint from wrong behaviour in sensual pleasures means abstention
of sex, which will cause pain and suffering to others. Examples will be
this causes the disruption of marriage, rape, intercourse with
minors = pedophilia, and
any perversion of others. Included here
also are abstention from the use of alcohol,
and any kinds of
intoxicants, which causes carelessness, and gambling with cards,
on horses, and various teams etc.
Knowing right and wrong
action as right and wrong action, is right view.
Awareness of presence of right
and wrong action, is right awareness.
Exchanging wrong action with right action, is
factors of the Noble 8-fold way thus mutually enhance each other!
Any intentional action
- good as bad - determines -
will be pleasant or painful for the acting individuality...
So be it...