Lahutā: 'lightness', or 'agility', may be of 3
kinds: of materiality rūpassa lahutā
see: khandha I, of mental
kāya-lahutā and of consciousness
Cf. Tab. II.
Lakkhana: 'characteristics'. For the 3 ch. of
existence, s. ti-lakkhana
Learning: understanding based on: see:
Light: perception of: see:
Lightness: of materiality, mental properties and
Loathsomeness: of the body: see: asubha,
Lobha: 'greed', is one of the 3 disadvantageous
roots mūla and a synonym of
Lobha-carita: 'greedy-natured', see:
Lofty consciousness: s.
Lohita-kasina: 'red-kasina', see:
Loka: 'world', denotes the 3 spheres of existence
comprising the whole universe, i.e. 1 the sense-world
kāma-loka or the world of the 5 senses; 2 the fine-material world
rūpa-loka corresponding to the 4 fine-material
absorptions see: jhāna 1-4; 3 the immaterial
world arūpa-loka corresponding to the 4 immaterial
absorptions see: jhāna 5-8.
The sense-world comprises the hells niraya
the animal kingdom tiracchāna-yoni
the ghost-realm peta-loka
the demon world asura-nikāya the
human world manussa-loka and the
6 lower celestial worlds see: deva I.
In the fine-material world see: deva II
still exist the abilities of seeing and hearing, which, together with the other
sense abilities, are temporarily suspended in the 4 absorptions. In the immaterial
world see: deva III there is no materiality
whatsoever, only the four mental groups see:
khandha exist there.
Though the term loka is not applied
in the Suttas to those 3 worlds, but only the term
bhava 'existence' e.g.
M. 43, there is no doubt that the teaching
about the 3 worlds belongs to the earliest, i.e. sutta-period, of the Buddhist
scriptures, as many relevant passages show.
Loka-dhamma: 'worldly conditions':
'Eight things are called worldly conditions, since they arise in connection
with worldly life, namely: gain and loss, fame and anonymity, happiness and
misery, praise and blame'
Vis.M XXII. Cf. also
A. VIII, 5.
Lokiya: 'mundane', are all those states of consciousness
and mental properties - arising in the worldling, as well as in the Noble One
- which are not associated with the supra-mundane
lokuttara see: the foll.
paths and fruitions of
sotāpatti etc. See
Lokuttara: 'supra-mundane', is a term for the
4 paths and 4 fruitions of
sotāpatti etc. see:
ariya-puggala with Nibbāna as
ninth. Hence one speaks of '9 supra-mundane things' nava-lokuttara-dhamma.
mettā see: brahma-vihāra
Lower mental chains: the 5: see:
Lower worlds: the 4:
Low speech: tiracchāna-kathā
Lust: s. rāga