One of the countries to which Asoka sent missionaries
after the Third Council. The leader of the mission was
Yonaka Dhammarakkhitta (Mhv.Xii.5;
Dpv.viii.7). He preached to the people the
Aggikkhandopamā Sutta and 37,000
people embraced the new faith, a thousand men and even more women entering the
Order (Mhv.Xii.34-6; Sp.i.67).
The country comprises the territory of Northern Gujarat, Kāthiāwar, Kachch
and Sindh. Fleet Hsouien Thsang, the country
seems to comprise Sindh, Western Rājaputāna, Cutch, Gujarat and a portion of the
adjoining coast on the lower bank of the Narmadā. Cunningham Anct. Geog. of
India, notes, p.690; and Law: Early Geography 56ff.
Probably Buddhism was known in Aparanta during the time of the Buddha
himself. Dutt: Early Hist. of Bsm. p.190; Dvy., pp.45ff; but the reference is to
It is said that when Mandhātā brought all
the four continents under his sway people from the three other continents came
over to Jambudīpa and lived there. When the
king died they found themselves unable to get back, and begged his minister to
allow them to start settlements in Jambudīpa itself. He agreed, and the
settlement of those who had come from Aparagoyāna was for that reason called
Aparanta (DA.ii.482; MA.i.184) (Aparantaka).