1. Arunavatī. The city and the country of King Arunavā, and the
birthplace of Sikhī Buddha (Bu.xxi.15). It was
from there that Sikhī and Abhibhū went to the
Brahma-world to preach to Brahma and his attendants (S.i.155f). At that time
Salalapupphiya Thera was a confectioner in Arunavatī (Ap.i.218). See also
2. Arunavatī. A vihāra in the village of Itthakāvatī in Magadha.
Sāriputta once lived there (PvA.67).
Arunavatī Sutta. Records the incident of the visit of Abhibhū to the
Brahma-world (S.i.154f., etc.; see Abhibhū 1). Abhibhū chose as his theme action
and energy, and the verses he uttered on that occasion, beginning "ārabhatha,
nikkhamatha, yuñjatha buddhasāsane" are often quoted.
Buddhaghosa says (SA.i.172-3) that Abhibhū
chose this theme out of all the doctrines to be found in the Tipitaka because he
knew that the subject would commend itself to all his hearers, human and
Milakkhatissa Thera of Ceylon, hearing a novice in Pācīnapabbata recite the
Arunavatī Sutta, listened to the stanzas, and feeling that they had been
preached to encourage zealous monks like himself, he exerted himself and became
an anāgāmī. Soon afterwards he became an arahant (AA.i.21-2).
The sutta is said to have been preached by the Buddha on the full moon day of