The name given to a whole world-system, there being countless such systems.
Each Cakkavāla is twelve hundred and three thousand, four hundred and fifty
yojanas in extent and consists of the earth, two hundred and four thousand
nahutas of yojanas in volume, surrounded by a region of water four hundred and
eight thousand nahutas of yojanas in volume. This rests on air, the thickness of
which is nine hundred and sixty thousand nahutas of yojanas. In the centre of
the Cakkavāla is Mount Sineru, one hundred and
sixty-eight yojanas in height, half of which is immersed in the ocean.
Around Sineru are seven mountain ranges, Yugandhara, Isadhara, Karavīka,
Sudassana, Nemindhara, Vinataka and Assakanna. The mountains are inhabited by
the Regent Gods (Mahārājas) and their
followers, the Yakkhas.
Within the Cakkavāla is the Himavā mountain,
one hundred leagues high, with eighty-four thousand peaks. Surrounding the whole
Cakkavāla is the Cakkavālasilā. Belonging to each Cakkavāla is a moon,
forty-nine leagues in diameter, a sun of fifty leagues, the Tāvatimsabhavana,
the Asurabhavana, the Avīcimahāniraya and the four mahādīpas -
Aparagoyāna, Pubbavideha and
Uttarakuru, each mahādīpa surrounded by five
hundred minor dīpas.
Between the Cakkavalas exist the
Lokantarika-niraya (SA.ii.442f.; DhsA.297f).
In each Cakkavāla are four Regent Gods (Cattāro Mahārājā) (AA.i.439).
A sun can illuminate only one Cakkavāla; the rays of light from the Buddha's
body can illuminate all the Cakkavālas (AA.i.440).