1. Candagutta.King of Jambudīpa. He
belonged to the Moriya dynasty and gained the throne through the scheming of
Cānakka, who slew the rightful king Dhanananda and his heir Pabbata. (The
Mahāvamsatīkā gives details of how Cānakka contrived to make Candagutta king
(pp.181ff)). Candagutta reigned twenty-four years and was succeeded by his son
Bindusāra. His grandson was
Asoka (Mhv.v.16ff). Candagutta's senior
contemporary in Ceylon was Pandukābhaya, who died in the fourteenth year of
Candagutta's reign (Dpv.vi.15; Sp.i.72; see also Dpv. v.69, 73, 81; both the Dpv.
and the Sp. talk of Pakundakābhaya (sic)).
The Milinda (p.292; see also Kathāsaritsāgara i.30) mentions a soldier
Bhaddasāla, in the service of the Nanda royal family, who waged war against
Candagutta. In this war there were eighty "Corpse Dances" in which dead bodies
danced. The Theragāthā Commentary (i., p.440) states that the father of the
Thera Tekic-Chakāri incurred the displeasure of Candagutta, who, at the
instigation of Cānakka, cast him into prison.
2. Candagutta Thera.Saddhivihārika of Mahā Kassapa Thera. His
colleague was Suriyagutta. SA.iii.125.
3. Candagutta.One of the eight khattiyas sent by
Asoka to accompany the Bodhi-tree to Ceylon. He
took a prominent part in the celebrations when the Tree left
Pātaliputta (Mbv.152), and later, on
his arrival in Ceylon, was appointed by
Devānampiyatissa to beat the golden drum at the Bodhi-tree ceremonies. He
was given the office of Malayarāja and the Virabāhujanapada was bestowed on him
for his maintenance (Mbv.165).
4. Candagutta.An arahant Thera who came from Vanavāsa with 80,000
others for the foundation of the Mahā Thūpa in Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxix.42;