1. Candana. A deva, vassal of the Four
Regent Gods (D.ii.258). He is mentioned as one of the chief Yakkhas to be
invoked by followers of the Buddha in case of need (D.iii.204). He once visited
Lomasakangiya at the Nigrodhārāma, questioned him regarding the True Saint, and
recited to him stanzas learnt when the Buddha preached the Bhaddekaratta Sutta
in Tāvatimsa (M.iii.199f) (but see below). The Samyutta Nikāya (S.i.53) records
a conversation between Candana and the Buddha and a visit paid by Candana to
Mahā Moggallāna (S.iv.280).
Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.951) says he was an upāsaka in
the time of Kassapa Buddha and offered the four requisites to the Buddha and the
monks, as a result of which he became a deva. It is elsewhere stated that in
Kassapa's time Candana and Lomasakangiya were friends and that both became
monks. (ThagA.ii.84f. In this version not Candana, but Lomasakangiya, expounds
the Sutta; in M.iii.199f.it is Candana).
When Kassapa preached the Bhaddekaratta
Sutta, Candana asked Lomasakangiya to explain it; this he was unable to do, and
so made a wish that he should be able to explain it in a future birth, Candana
wishing that he should then ask the questions again. Both wishes were fulfilled.
For details see Lomasakangiya (2).
2. Candana Thera. He belonged to a rich
family in Sāvatthi, and having heard the Buddha preach, became a sotāpanna. When
a son was born to him he joined the Order and took to meditating in the forest.
Later he dwelt in a charnel-field near Sāvatthi. There he was visited by his
wife and child who hoped to win him back, but, seeing them from afar, he made a
special effort and became an arahant, preaching to his wife as she approached
Thirty-one kappas ago he was a
tree-sprite, and having seen the Pacceka Buddha Sudassana, gave him a kutaja-flower.
He is probably identical with Kutajapupphiya Thera of the Apaddna. (ii.451; the
same verses are also ascribed to Hārita).
3. Candana. A monk of ninety-one kappas
ago to whom Upāhanadāyaka made a gift of a pair of sandals. Ap.i.228.