1. Ceti, Cetiya.One of the sixteen Mahājanapadas (A.i.213, etc.), probably identical with Cedi of the older
documents (E.g., Rv.viii.5, 37-9). The people of Ceti seem to have had two
distinct settlements: one, perhaps the older, was in the mountains, probably the
present Nepal (Bud. India, p.26). It is evidently this older settlement which is
mentioned in the Vessantara Jātaka; it was passed by Vessantara on his way into
exile in the Himalayas, and was thirty yojanas distant from Jetuttara (J.vi.514,
518). The other, probably a later colony, lay near the Yamunā, to the east, in
the neighbourhood of and contiguous to the settlement of the Kurus; for we are
told (Vin.iv.108f; J. i.360f) that the Buddha, having dwelt in the Ceti country,
went to Bhaddavatikā, where, at the Ambatittha, Sāgata tamed a Nāga, and from
there he went to Kosambī. This part of the country corresponds roughly to the
modern Bundelkhand and the adjoining region Law: Geog. of Early Bsm., p.16).
It was probably of the older Ceti that
Sotthivatī was the capital, where once reigned Apacara, who uttered the first
lie in the world. (J.iii.454ff Sotthivati is probably identical with Suktimati
or Sukti-Sāhvaya of the Mahābhārata (iii.20, 50; xiv.83, 2); see also PHAI.81).
The journey from Benares to Ceti lay
through a forest which was infested by robbers (J.i.253, 256). The settlement of
Ceti was an important centre of Buddhism, even in the time of the Buddha. The
Anguttara Nikāya (A.iii.355f; v.41f; 157ff) mentions several discourses preached
to the Cetis, while the Buddha dwelt in their town of Sahajāti. While dwelling
in the Pācīnavamsadāya in the Ceti country, Anuruddha became an arahant after a
visit which the Buddha paid to him (A.iv.228; see also Vin.i.300f). The
Janavasabha Sutta (D.ii.200 and passim) leads us to infer that the Buddha
visited the Ceti country several times. The Samyutta Nikāya (S.v.436f) records a
discussion on the four Ariyan Truths among a number of monks, including
Gavampati, dwelling at Sahajāti (v.l. Sahañcanika).
It is said (E.g., AA.ii.765) that the
country was called Ceti because it was ruled by kings bearing the name of Ceti
or Cetiya (SnA..i.135).
2. Cetiya. A mythical king (Mhv.ii.3;
Dpv.iii.5; Mtu.i.348). See Ceti (1).
Apacara is also referred to as Cetiya (J.iii.457, 460, etc.), shortened into Cecca (J.v.267).