1. Citta (called Cittagahapati). A householder of
Macchikāsanda, where he was Treasurer. He
was later declared by the Buddha to be pre-eminent among laymen who preached the
Doctrine (A.i.26). On the day of his birth the whole city was covered knee-deep
with flowers of various hues, hence his name.
When Mahānāma visited
Macchikāsanda, Citta, pleased with his
demeanour, invited him to his park, the
Ambātakārāma, and built for him a monastery there. And there the Elder
preached to Citta the Salā-yatana-vibhatti and Citta became an Anāgāmī.
Thereafter many monks visited the Ambātakārāma and accepted Citta's hospitality.
Among them was Isidatta, a former acquaintance
of Citta, but Isidatta left when he found that his identity had been discovered.
Mahānāma and Mahaka did likewise, after having performed miracles at the request
The Citta Samyutta (S.iv.282ff) contains a record of conversations between
Citta and members of the Order, among whom, besides those already mentioned,
were Kāmabhū and
Godatta. Citta is also said to have had discussions with
Nigantha Nātaputta and
Acela Kassapa and to have refuted their
A Thera named Sudhamma was a permanent resident in the Ambātakārāma and was
looked after by Citta. Once, when the two Chief Disciples and several other
eminent Elders came to the Ambātakārāma, Citta invited first these and then
Sudhamma; the latter, feeling slighted, blamed Citta beyond measure, but the
Buddha, hearing of this, sent Sudhamma to ask for Citta's pardon (Vin.ii.15ff;
DhA.ii.74f; for details see Sudhamma).
Some time later, Citta visited the Buddha. He was accompanied by two thousand
others and took with him five hundred cartloads of offerings to the Buddha and
the Order. As he fell at the feet of the Buddha, flowers of five hues showered
from the sky and the Buddha preached to him the
Salāyatana-vibhatti. For a fortnight he
continued distributing his gifts to the Order and the devas filled his carts
with all kinds of valuables (AA.i.210).
When Citta lay ill just before his death, devas visited him and advised him
to wish for kingship among them, but he refused to aspire to anything so
impermanent, and instructed the devas and his kinsfolk gathered round him,
telling them of the Buddha and his teachings (S.iv.302f). He is regarded as the
ideal layman (E.g., at A.i.88; ii.164; iii.451).
He owned a tributary village called Migapattaka (SA.iii.93).
In the time of Padumuttara Buddha, Citta conceived his desire to be placed
first among laymen in the teaching of the Dhamma. In the time of Kassapa Buddha
he was a huntsman. One day, seeing a monk in a glen, and being pleased thereat,
he hurried home, prepared a meal and brought it to the monk, together with
flowers he had gathered on the way. After the offering, he made a wish that he
should never lack for tribute and that showers of flowers should fall on him. In
the deva-world he surpassed all others in his great beauty (AA.i.209). In the
Bhisa Jātaka (J.iii.314), he is identified with the slave.
Though Citta was not an arahant, he possessed the patisambhidā of a
probationer (sekha). Vsm.442.
2. Citta. The Bodhisatta born as a Candāla. For details see the
3. Citta, Cittaka. A deer, brother of Rohanta, the Bodhisatta. He is
identified with Ananda. For details see the
4. Citta called Hatthirohaputta (Hatthisāriputta). A
thera, son of an elephant trainer, who, having entered the Order, studied under
the Buddha and gained special proficiency in distinguishing subtle differences
in the meanings of words. Six times he left the Order and six times returned.
His last quarrel was with Mahā Kotthita,
who objected to his constant interruptions of the Elder's discussions regarding
the Abhidhamma. (This incident is
recorded at A.iii.392ff).
It is said (DA.ii.378f.; AA.ii.688) that in the time of
Kassapa Buddha, Citta and a friend entered the
Order. When the friend expressed a desire to return to household life, Citta
encouraged him to do so, coveting his belongings. This was the reason for
Citta's inability to remain in the Order. He was a friend of
Potthapāda, and when he had returned for the
sixth time to a householder's life, Potthapāda brought him to the Buddha. Citta
listened to their conversation and asked questions regarding personality. At the
end of the discourse (recounted in the
Potthapāda Sutta) Citta once more joined the Order, never again to leave it,
for he soon after became an arahant (D.i.199ff).
The Kuddāla Jātaka (J.i.311f) gives
the circumstances in which he first joined the Order. He was a youth of good
family at Sāvatthi. One day, while on his way
home from ploughing, he received from the bowl of a certain Elder some rich and
dainty food. In order to gain similar food for himself, he became a monk, but
soon after, lust overcame him and he left the homeless life. Even after he
became an arahant his colleagues are said to have taunted him, asking when he
would be leaving them, and it was only when the Buddha told them that such a
time would never be were they satisfied.
The same story, except for certain details, is also found in the Dhammapada
Commentary (DhA.i.305ff), but there Citta is called Cittahattha, and a different
explanation is given of his name: esa cittavasiko hutvā vicarati ti Cittahatthan
ti nāmam karimsu. It is further stated that on the last occasion of his leaving
home he saw his pregnant wife lying asleep and was so filled with revolt that he
returned to the Order. He started forth at once, a yellow robe tied round his
waist, and as he walked to the vihāra, he became a
sotāpanna. The monks were at first
reluctant to re-ordain him, but his importunity was so great that they relented,
and in a few days he became an arahant.
5. Citta.One of the chief lay supporters of
Sujāta Buddha. Bu.xiii.30.
6. Citta. A Thera of Ceylon. King Mahādāthika Mahā-nāga had a young
and beautiful queen, named Tamildevī. One day, when she was worshipping at the
Ambatthala at Cetiyagiri, Citta, who had joined the Order in his old age, fell
in love with her and behaved as one mad, constantly repeating to himself
"beautiful as Tamildevī." Even when told of her death, which took place soon
after, he refused to believe the news and continued as before; he became,
therefore, known as Ummattaka Citta. AA.i.13.
7. Citta. A herdsman, servant of Dīghagāmani. He was put to death by
the brothers of Ummāda-Cittā, because he refused to promise to kill
Ummāda-Cittā's child should it be a boy. He was reborn as a Yakkha. See
Cittarāja. Mhv.ix.22f.; MT.278.
8. Citta. A minister, spoken of as Cittamahāmatta. He was very
generous and kept in his house a gong, by sounding which monks could obtain the
requisites at any time. Each day he spent sixty kahāpanas for the supply of
medicines alone. VibhA.341.
9. Citta. A city where Mangala Buddha
performed his Twin Miracle. BuA.119.