Dakkhināgiri (v.l. Dakkhinagiri)
A janapada (district) in India, the capital of which was
Ujjeni, and over which
Asoka ruled as Viceroy. It also contained the city of
Vedisā (Sp.i.70; Mhv.xiii.5).
Dakkhināgiri lay to the south of Rājagaha,
beyond the hills that surrounded the city - hence its name (SnA..i.136;
In the district was the brahmin village of
Ekanālā (Sn., p.13). The road from Sāvatthi
to Rājagaha lay through Dakkhināgiri, and the Buddha traversed it in the course
of his periodical tours through Magadha,
residing in the Dakkhināgiri-vihāra in Ekanālā (S.i.172; SA.ii.133; Vin.i.80).
It was during one of these tours that he converted
Dhammasava and his father. On another of these
occasions the Buddha saw the Magadhakhetta,
which gave him the idea of designing the robe of a monk to resemble a field
(Vin.i.287). Ananda is also said to have
travelled through Dakkhināgiri, gathering a large number of young men into the
Order, who, however, do not appear to have been very serious in their
intentions, as their behaviour earned for Ananda the censure of
Mahā Kassapa (S.ii.217f). Later, we
find Punna with a large following in Dakkhināgiri
refusing to join in the findings of the Rājagaha Council, and preferring to
follow the Dhamma according to his own lights (Vin.ii.289).
Dakkhināgiri was the residence of Nandamātā of Velukantaka and she was
visited both by Sāriputta and by Moggallāna during a tour in the district
(A.iv.64). In Dakkhināgiri, Sāriputta heard of the lack of zeal of Dhānañjāni
(M.ii.185; see J. i.224 for another incident connected with Sāriputta's tour).
The Arāmadūsa Jātaka (q.v.) was preached in Dakkhināgiri.
The Dakkhināgiri-vihāra was, for a long time, a great monastic centre, and at
the foundation of the Mahā Thūpa there were present from there forty thousand
monks led by Mahā Sangharakkhita. Mhv.xxix.35.
1. Dakkhināgiri-vihāra.See Dakkhināgiri.
2. Dakkhināgiri-vihāra. A monastery built by Saddhātissa in Ceylon
(Mhv.Xxxiii.7). It was restored by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.46), and Kassapa V.
granted a village for its maintenance (Cv.lii.60). It is probably identical with
the Dakkhināgiridalha-vihāra, in which Aggabodhi I. erected an assembly-hall
(Cv.xlii.27). It has sometimes been identified with the present Mulkirigala-vihāra
It was once the residence of Appihā-Sāmanera (MT.552) and of Kāla