1. Dhatarattha. One of the
Cātummahārājikā, the ruler of the Eastern Quarter. His followers are the
Gandhabbas. He has numerous sons called Indra
(D.ii.207, 220, 257f; iii.197). He was present at the preaching of the
Mahāsamaya Sutta and the
Ātānātiya Sutta. The name of his daughter
is Sirī (J.iii.257).
2. Dhatarattha. A mythical king, mentioned in a list of kings - with
Vessāmitta, Atthaka, Yāmataggi, Usinnara and Sivi - as having entered Sakka's
heaven by virtue of his righteousness and his waiting on pious men. J. vi.251.
3. Dhatarattha. There were two kings of this name, contemporaries and
vassals of Renu. One of these two was king of
Angā with his capital in
Campā, and the other of the Kāsīs with his
capital in Benares. D.ii.235f.
4. Dhatarattha. A Nāga king. Thanks to
the scheming of the tortoise Cittacūla, he married Samuddajā, daughter of the
king of Benares. They had four sons: Sudassana,
Bhūridatta, Subhaga and Kānārittha. His kingdom was beneath the
Yamunā. Dhatarattha is identified with
Suddhodana. J. vi.162ff., 171.186, 200, 219. For details see the
5. Dhatarattha. The Bodhisatta born as king of the
hamsas. He lived in Cittakūta, at the head of
ninety thousand hamsas. One day he was caught in a snare on the lake Khemā, set
by the orders of King Bahuputtaka. Dhatarattha's friend, Sumukha, refused to
leave him while he was caught. The two friends melted the heart of the hunter
when he came to take Dhatarattha, and later they were brought before the king.
Dhatarattha preached the Doctrine to the king and to his queen, Khemā, who
longed to hear a hamsa preach (J.iv.425ff; for details see the
Hamsa Jātaka). Dhatarattha is often
referred toe as a king surrounded by a splendid following. E.g., DA.i.40;
MA.ii.576; UdA.57, 412; PvA.171.
6. Dhatarattha. The family of hamsas to which belonged
Dhatarattha, king of the hamsas. The members of this family are called
Dhataratthā. They were golden-coloured and lived in
Cittakūta. The Mahā-Sutasoma
Jātaka (J.v.345, 355, 357) contains a story of the complete destruction of
these hamsas. They lived in Kañcanaguhā,
and during the four months of the rainy season would not leave their cave, in
case their wings should be drenched with water and they fell into the sea. A
spider, as big as a cartwheel, used to weave a thick web at the entrance to the
cave, but the Dhatarattha geese sent one of their young ones, who had received
two portions of food, to cut through the web. One season, however, the rains
lasted for four months, and the hamsas became cannibals and thus lost their
strength. When, at the end of the rains, they tried to break through the web,
they failed, and the spider cut off their heads one by one and drank their
blood. This was the end of the Dhatarattha hamsas. J. v.469f.
7. Dhatarattha. A class of Nāgas (D.ii.259), descendants of the Nāga
king Dhatarattha and of Samuddajā (J.vi.219), and possessed great power. They
dwell in the Sattasidantara-samuda (SA.ii.254).