A mountain range beyond the seven ranges
It is one of the five mountain ranges that encircle
Anotatta. It is
crowned with a tableland, is green in colour (muggavanna), and covered with
various medicinal plants. It shines from afar "like a glowing fire on a new-moon
In the range is an inclined slope (pabbhāra) named
containing three caves, Suvanna-, Mani- and Rajata-guhā, which are the abodes of
At the entrance to Maniguhā is a tree named Mañjūsaka, one
league in height and in girth; on this tree bloom all the flowers that grow both
on land and in water, and especially do they bloom on the occasions of the
Pacceka Buddhas' visits; round the tree is the Sabbara-tanamāla.
There the Sammajjanakavāta sweeps the ground, the Samakaranavāta levels the sand, and the
Siñcanakavāta sprinkles water from Anotatta.
The Sugandhakaranavāta brings all
the perfumes of Himavā, the Ocinakavāta plucks flowers, and the Santharanakavāta
In the māla seats are always ready for the Pacceka Buddhas, who on
fast days and on their own birthdays assemble there. When a new Pacceka Buddha
arises in the world, he goes first to Gandha-mādana and other Pacceka Buddhas,
who may be in the world, assemble there to greet him, and they all sit rapt in
samādhi. Then the senior among them asks the new-comer to describe how he came
to be a Pacceka Buddha (SnA..i.52, 66f; ii.437; AA.ii.759; UdA.300, etc.;
The Pacceka Buddhas who live on Gandhamādana will often enter into
samādhi for seven days, and at the end of that period seek alms from someone on
whom they wish to bestow a special favour, that he may thereby obtain merit
(E.g., DhA.iii.368f; iv.121, 199f; J. iv.16). These Buddhas will sometimes leave
the mountain, and, having admonished those whom they wish to help, return again
(E.g., J. iii.453).
Besides Pacceka Buddhas, others are also mentioned as having
resided in Gandhamādana - e.g., Nārada (J.iv.393),
Bahusodarī (J.vi.83); also the deva king
Nāgadatta (ThagA.ii.138), and
with his family, after he renounced his kingdom (J.vi.528f.). It is also said
that Kinnaras (J.iv.438) and Nāgas (Rockhill, 169) lived on the slopes of
Gandhamādana. It was among the places visited by Khadira-vaniya Revata
It is not explicitly mentioned that all
Pacceka Buddhas die in Gandhamādana, but the inference seems to be such. Thus,
once, five hundred Pacceka Buddhas led by Mahāpaduma died there, and their
bodies were cremated (ThagA.iii.141).
The Jātaka Commentary (vi.79) explains
Gandhamādana as gandhena mada-karo pabbato.
The fragrant tree Bhujaka grows only in
heaven and in Gandhamādana (VvA.162).
It is said that the Buddha Metteya will
retire for a while to Gandhamādanā, after spending his first rainy season (Anāgatavamsa