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 Pali Proper Names - K -


A B C D E G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V Y


  • Kabupelanda
  • Kacangala. See Kajangala.
  • Kācaragāma, Kājaragāma, Kātaragāma
  • Kaccāna
  • Kaccānā
  • Kaccāna Peyyāla/Sutta
  • Kaccānī 1. The old woman whose story is related in the story of the past in the Kaccāni Jātaka.
  • Kaccānī 2.See also Kātiyānī.
  • Kaccāni Jātaka (No. 417)
  • Kaccāni Vagga. The first section of the Atthaka Nipāta of the Jātakattakathā. J.iii.422-28.
  • Kaccāyana
  • Kaccāyanabheda
  • Kaccāyanagandha. One of the six books ascribed to Mahā Kaccāyana (Gv.59); it probably refers to the Kaccāyana-vyākarana.
  • Kaccāyanasāra
  • Kaccāyanavannanā. A commentary on Kaccāyana's grammar by a thera of Ceylon, named Vijitāvī (Svd.1242). It deals with the sections on Sandhikappa. Bode, 46.
  • Kaccāyana-vyākarana
  • Kaccāyanayoga. A name given to the aphorisms in Kaccāyana-vyākarana. Bode, op. cit., p.21.
  • Kacchaka-(Kaccha-)tittha
  • Kacchakadaha
  • Kacchapa Jātaka (No. 178, 215, 273)
  • Kacchapagiri. Another name, according to the Mahāvamsa Tika (MT.652) for the Issarasamana-vihāra. It is perhaps a variation of Kassapagiri.
  • Kacchavāla. A monastery built for the Pamsukalikas by Vajira, general of Dappula II. Cv.xlix.80.
  • Kadakudda
  • Kadalīgāma
  • Kadalīnivātaka
  • Kadalīpattagāma. A village in Rohana near the ford called Nīlavalā, and close to the modern Mātara. Cv.lxxv.49; Cv.Trs.ii.48, n.2.
  • Kadalīphaladāyaka Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he saw a Buddha and gave him a banana fruit (Ap.i.297). He is probably identical with Cūlaka Thera (ThagA.ii.334).
  • Kadalīpupphiya. See Kandalīpupphiya.
  • Kadalisālagāma. A village in Ceylon, the residence of Vilasa (q.v.).
  • Kadalīvāta. One of the Vanni kings of Ceylon, head of the mercenary soldiers who were driven out of Ceylon by Bhuvanekabāhu I. (Cv.xc.33).
  • Kadamba, Kadambaka
  • Kadambagona. A vihāra built by Aggabodhi V. in Mahāthala, and probably presented to the Pamsukūlins. Cv.xlviii.3; Cv.Trs.i.110, n.1.
  • Kadambapupphiya Thera
  • Kaddamadaha. A lake, on the bank of which was Vāranā, where Mahā-Kaccāna once stayed, and where he was visited by the brahmin Ārāmadanda. A.i.65.
  • Kaddūragāma. A village near Ālisāra; the village entrenchment was captured by Māyāgeha, general of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxx.165.
  • Kaddūravaddhamāna
  • Kadiliya. A Tamil chief who was defeated by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. at Kundayankotta. Cv.lxxvi.177.
  • Kāhallivāpi. A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.37.
  • Kājagallaka. A village in Ceylon, probably near modern Kurunegala. An elephant-stable was there, from which Bhuvanekabāhu I. took an elephant. Cv.xc.9.
  • Kajangalā
  • Kajangala (Kajangalā)
  • Kāka
  • Kāka Jātaka (No.140, 146, 395)
  • Kāka Sutta. The wicked monk is like a crow in that he possesses the same ten qualities: offensiveness, recklessness, shamelessness, excessive greed, cruelty, gruesomeness, want of strength, "earthyness" (? oravitā), bewilderment and meanness. A.v.149; see also G.S.v.101.
  • Kakacūpama Sutta
  • Kākadīpa
  • Kākālaya. A village in Ceylon where there was a Tamil stronghold captured by Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxxiii.12.
  • Kākanda, Kākandī. The commentaries speak of Kākanda as a sage of yore and mention him in the company of Savattha and Kusumba. His residence later came to be called Kākandī. SnA.i.300; cp. KhpA.110; UdA.55.
  • Kākandaka. A brahmin, father of Yasa Thera, the latter being generally referred to as Yasa Kākandakaputta (q.v.). Mhv.iv.12, 49, 57, etc.; Dpv. v.23; Mbv.96.
  • Kākaneru. One of the highest mountains in the world; mentioned together with Mālāgiri, Himavā, Gijjha, Sudassana and Nisabha. J. vi.204, 212.
  • Kākannādu. A district in South India subdued by the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.262.
  • Kakantaka Jātaka. The same as the Kakantaka-Pańha.
  • Kakantaka-Pańha
  • Kakantaka Vagga. The fifteenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J. i.487-511.
  • Kākātī Jātaka (No.327)
  • Kākātī. Chief queen of the Bodhisatta, in one of his births as king of Benares. See Kākātī Jātaka.
  • Kākavaliya, Kākavalliya
  • Kākavanna-Tissa
  • Kakkara Jātaka (No. 209)
  • Kakkarapatta. A township of the Koliyans. It was while the Buddha was staying there that the Koliyan Dīghajānu came to see him. A.iv.281.
  • Kakkāru Jātaka (No. 326)
  • Kakkārupūjaka Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he was a deva and offered a kakkāru-flower to the Buddha Sikhī. Nine kappas ago he was a king named Sattuttama (Ap.i.177). He is evidently identical with Jenta Thera. ThagA.i.219.
  • Kakkārupupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-two kappas ago he was a deva in the Yāma-world and, approaching the Pacceka Buddha Gotama, offered him a kakkāru-flower. v.l. Kekkāru°. Ap.i.286.
  • Kakkata
  • Kakkata Jātaka (No. 267)
  • Kakkatarasadāyaka-vimāna Vatthu
  • Kakkhala
  • Kakkhalavitthi. A village given by Jetthatissa III. for the maintenance of the Veluvana-vihāra (near Anurādhapura). Cv.xliv.99.
  • Kakkola. A district in South India which supplied soldiers to Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.2.
  • Kākola. A hell; beings born there are dragged about by flocks of ravens, vultures and hawks, and eaten alive. J. vi.247.
  • Kakubandhagāma. A village in Rohana. Ras.ii.188.
  • Kakubandhakandara. A stream, near Pāsānavāpigāma. Ras.i.103.
  • Kakudha
  • Kakudha Sutta
  • Kakudha Vagga. The tenth chapter of the Pańcaka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.iii.118-26.
  • Kakusandha
  • Kakusandha Sutta. To Kakusandha, as to the Buddha before he was enlightened, came thoughts of the suffering in the world and of how it could be stopped. S. ii.9.
  • Kakutthā (Kakutthā, Kukutthā)
  • Kāla
  • Kāla Sutta
  • Kālabāhu Jātaka (No.329)
  • Kālabāhu. A monkey, a previous birth of Devadatta. See the Kālabāhu Jātaka. J.iii.97ff
  • Kāla-bhikkhu Sutta. See Kālaka(-bhikkhu) Sutta.
  • Kalābu
  • Kāla-Buddharakkhita
  • Kālacampā
  • Kāladāna Sutta. The name given in the Sutta Sangaha (No. 1) for Kāla Sutta (3).
  • Kāladeva
  • Kāladevala
  • Kāladīghagāma
  • Kāladīghavāpi
  • Kāladīghāvika. A padhānaghara built by Hatthadātha. Cv.xlvi.46.
  • Kālagāma. A village in Ceylon. A minister of this village is given as an example of a man who committed suicide in remorse (vippatisārī). SnA.i.30.
  • Kālagiri, Kālāgiri. See Kālapabbata.
  • Kālagiribhanda. A district in Ceylon. The forces of Parakkamabāhu I. fought there twenty battles before it could be brought under subjection (Cv.lxxii.62). It is identified with the modern Kalugalboda-rata. Cv.Trs.i.325, n.1.
  • Kālāgiri-khana. That section of the Vidhurapandita Jātaka which ends with the bringing of Vidhura by Punnaka to the realm of the Nāgas. J. vi.314.
  • Kalahanagara. A village built on the spot where Pandukābhaya defeated the soldiers sent by the father of Suvannapālī to rescue her. Mhv.x.42; see also Mhv.Trs.71, n.1, for its identification.
  • Kālahatthi
  • Kalahavivāda Sutta
  • Kalahayinādu. A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.261.
  • Kālaka
  • Kālaka Sutta
  • Kalakacchagāma. A village in Ceylon, near Kalyānī. At the Nāga-mahā-vihāra there the thera Maliyadeva preached the Cha-chakka Sutta; sixty monks heard it and became arahants. MA.ii.1025.
  • Kālakagāma. A village in Ceylon in which was the Mandalārāma, the residence of the Elder Mahāsona (q.v.). VibhA.448. It was evidently the same as Kallagama (q.v.).
  • Kālakańjakā
  • Kālakannī
  • Kālakannī Jātaka (No.83)
  • Kālakārāma Sutta. See Kālaka Sutta.
  • Kālakārāma
  • Kālakhemaka
  • Kālakūta. One of the five mountain ranges surrounding Anotatta. It has the colour of ańjana (collyrium). SnA.ii.437; UdA.300; AA.ii.759; MA.ii.585.
  • Kalalahallika. A village and tank near Ālisāra. There was a fortification there.. The tank was restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48; lxx.73, 163; also Cv. Trs.i.301, n.1.
  • Kālāma
  • Kālamahī. A branch of the river Mahā-Mahī, which it later rejoins. SnA.i.27.
  • Kālamattika. A tank given by Jetthatissa for the use of the Cetiyapabbata-vihāra. Mhv.xxxvi.130.
  • Kālamattiya, Kālamattika. A forest. Mutthika, after his death, was born as a goblin in this forest, and when Baladeva reached the spot during his flight, Mutthika challenged him to a wrestling match and ate him up "like a radish-bulb." J. iv.82, 88.
  • Kalamba. A river near Anurādhapura, probably identical with Kadamba (Sp.ii.474) (q.v.). The river was to the east of Anurādhapura. MA.ii.653.
  • Kalambadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-four kappas ago he met a Pacceka Buddha named Romasa and gave him a radish (kalamba). Ap.ii.393.
  • Kalambaka-Vihāra. A monastery built by King Saddhātissa. Mhv.Xxxvii.8.
  • Kalambatittha-Vihāra
  • Kālanadī. A river in Ceylon, the present Kaluganga. Devapatirāja built over the river a bridge of eighty-six cubits and laid out a garden of coco palms from the river to Bhīmatittha-vihāra. Cv.xlvi.40, 44.
  • Kālanāga. See Mahā-Kāla.
  • Kālanāgara. The family to which the general Parakkama belonged. Cv.lxxx.49.
  • Kalandagāma. A brahmin village in Ceylon, where King Mahāsena built a vihāra on the site of an old Hindu temple. Mhv.Xxxvii.41.
  • Kalandakagāma. A village near Vesāli; it was the birthplace of Sudinna (Vin.iii.11). Buddhaghosa (Sp.i.202) says the name was given because of the squirrels who lived there.
  • Kalandakanivāpa
  • Kalandakaputta. See Sudinna. Kalanda or Kalandaka was the name, not of his father, but of his village. Sp.i.202.
  • Kalanda-Vihāra
  • Kalanduka Jātaka (No.127)
  • Kalanduka. A servant of the Treasurer of Benares (Bārānasī-setthi). See Kalanduka Jātaka.
  • Kālapabbata
  • Kālapāsāna(-pāsāda)-parivena
  • Kālapāsāna. A tank in Ceylon; one of sixteen tanks built by King Nabāsena. Mhv..xxxvii.49.
  • Kālapilla. A locality in Rohana in Ceylon. There the troops of Parakkamabāhu I. defeated those of Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.325.
  • Kalāra Sutta
  • Kālārajanaka
  • Kalārakhattiya Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Nidāna Samyutta. S. ii.47-68.
  • Kalārakkhattiya. A monk. He visits Sāriputta and tells him of Moliya-Phagguna's secession from the Order. The account of the incident is included in the Kalāra Sutta (q.v.).
  • Kalāramatthuka
  • Kālasela. A statue of the Buddha. See Silāsambuddha.
  • Kālasena
  • Kalasigāma. The birthplace of Milinda in the Island of Alasandā (or Alexandria) in the Indus (Mil..83). Rhys Davids (Mil.inda Questions, i., p.xxiii) thinks that the name is identical with that of the Greek settlement Karisi.
  • Kālasilā
  • Kālāsoka
  • Kālasumana. Thera. One of those responsible for preserving the Vinaya in Ceylon after the death of Mahinda. Vin.v.3; Sp.i.104.
  • Kālasutta. One of the principal hells (J.v.266, 267, 268). Beings born there are placed on a floor of heated iron, marked with a black thread made red hot, and then cut into pieces along the markings (J.v.270).
  • Kālatinduka Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon. Ras.ii.165.
  • Kālatittha. A locality in Rohana. There Vikkamapandu had his seat of government (Cv.lvi.12). It is identified with the modern Kalutara, at the mouth of the Kaluganga.
  • Kālāvaka. The tribe of ordinary elephants, each one of which possesses the strength of ten men. MA.i.263; UdA.403; VibhA.397; BuA.37, etc.
  • Kālavalli. A tank repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiz.36.
  • Kālavallimandapa. A vihāra in Ceylon, the residence of the Elder Mahānāga (DA.i.190, 191; SnA.i.56; VbhA.352, 353; J.iv.490; MT.606). It was near the village Nakulanagara (DhSA.339) and was situated in Rohana (AA.i.384).
  • Kālavela
  • Kālavilangika. See Mahā Kassapa.
  • Kalāyamutthi Jātaka (No.176)
  • Kālāyanakannika. A locality in Rohana. There Mahādāthika Mahānāga built two vihāras, Manināgapabbata and Kalanda. Mhv.xxxiv.89; MT.637.
  • Kālī
  • Kāli Sutta
  • Kālī Sutta. Kālī Kururaghara visits Mahā-Kaccāna and asks him for a detailed exposition of one of the stanzas in the Kumāripańhas. (The stanza occurs at S. i.126). Mahā-Kaccāna explains, and his explanation deals with the ten kasinas. A.v.46f
  • Kāli. A tank in Ceylon, built by King Vasabha (Mhv.Xxxv.95). It was among those repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.45.
  • Kāligodhā
  • Kāligotamī. See Gotamī (1).
  • Kālikā. See Kālī (9).
  • Kalikāla. A Tamil chieftain, conquered by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.214f.
  • Kalikāla-sāhicca-sabbańńupandita. A honorific ("all-knowing scholar of the Dark Age") given to Parakkamabāhu II. on account of his vast erudition. Cv.lxxxii.3.
  • Kālikarakkhiya. An ancient sage mentioned in a list of sages, together with Samudda, Bharata, Angīrasa, Kassapa, Kisavaccha and Akitti. J. vi.99.
  • Kalimbha Thera (Kalimma)
  • Kālindī. A channel in the irrigation system of Parakkamabāhu I., flowing southward from the Manihīra tank. Cv.lxxix.54.
  • Kālinga, Kalinga
  • Kālinga-bhāradvāja. The chaplain of King Kālinga. See the Kālingabodhi Jātaka. He was the Bodhisatta, and is sometimes called Kālinga-brāhmana (E.g., J. iv.235).
  • Kālingabodhi Jātaka (No.479)
  • Kalingara Sutta
  • Kālingārańńa. See Kālinga (2).
  • Kallagāma. A village in Ceylon. In the village was the Mandālārāmaka-vihāra (q.v.). AA.i.22, 52.
  • Kallakālena. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Saddhātissa. Mhv.Xxxiii.7.
  • Kallakavelāra. A Tamil chief, brother of Tondamāna's wife. He was slain by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvii.40, 50.
  • Kallaka-vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, near Bhokkantagāma. There Sumanā, wife of Lakuntaka Atimbam, heard the preaching of the Āsīvisopama Sutta and became an arahant. DhA.iv.51.
  • Kallara. A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.246, 259.
  • Kallavā Sutta. Of those who meditate some are clever in concentration but are not fully expert in meditation, some are the reverse, some have neither quality, while others have both. S. iii.265.
  • Kallavāla, Kanavālamutta
  • Kallita Sutta. A man may be skilled in ease in concentration, but not in the range thereof, nor in resolve, zeal, perseverance, or profit. S. iii.275.
  • Kāludāyī Thera
  • Kālūla. A monastery in Ceylon. Aggabodhi VIII, gave a village for its maintenance. Cv.xlix.47.
  • Kālūpakāla. The name of the warders in charge of a hell bearing the same name. They smite their victims with arrows and spears.
  • Kālussa. A village given by Udaya I, to the Nīlārāma (Cv.xlix.16).
  • Kalyāna (Kalyānaka)
  • Kalyānabhatta-tissa. See Ariyagāla-tissa.
  • Kalyāna-dhamma Jātaka (No.171)
  • Kalyāna-dhamma Vagga. The third chapter of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātaka. J. ii.63-86.
  • Kalyānamitta Sutta
  • Kalyānamitta Vagga. The eighth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.i.14f.
  • Kalyānavatī
  • Kalyānī
  • Kalyānī Sutta. No beautiful woman (janapadakalyānī) can persistently possess the heart of a man who is fond of gain, favours, and flattery. S. ii.235.
  • Kalyāni-(Kalyānika)-vihāra
  • Kalyāni-Cetiya
  • Kalyanigāma. A village, probably in or near Kalyānī; it was the residence of Mahātissa Thera. SnA.i.6.
  • Kalyānippakarana. A record of the famous Kalyāni inscriptions set up near Pegu by Dhammaceti, giving details of the consecration of the Kalyānisīmā in Pegu by the monks who received their ordination at the Kalyāni-vihāra in Ceylon. Bode, 23, 38f.; P.L.C.257f.
  • Kalyāni-Tissa. A king of Kalyānī, father of Vihāramahādevī (Mhv.Xxii.12ff). He was great-grandson of Mutasīva and grandson of Uttiya. His younger brother was called Ayya-Uttiya (MT.431).
  • Kāma Jātaka (No.467)
  • Kāma Sutta
  • Kāmabhogī Sutta
  • Kāmabhū
  • Kāmabhū Sutta
  • Kāmada
  • Kāmada Sutta. Contains the account of Kāmada's visit to the Buddha (S.i.48). It is quoted in the Nettippakarana p.148.
  • Kāmānākkotta. A fortress in South India, which was occupied by the Tamil chiefs Pandimandala, Vīraganga and Kangakonda. Cv.lxxvi.180.
  • Kāmandā
  • Kāmanīta Jātaka, (No.228)
  • Kāmanīta. The name by which the brahmin, mentioned in connection with the Kāma Jātaka, the Kāma Sutta and the Kāmanīta Jātaka, is referred to. J. ii.212.
  • Kāmasettha
  • Kāmavilāpa Jātaka (No.297)
  • Kambala. A tribe of Nāgas. They were present at the Mahāsamaya (D.ii.258), and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of Sineru (J.vi.165).
  • Kambaladāyaka-Tissa
  • Kamboja (Kambojaka)
  • Kāmboja. See Kamboja.
  • Kambugallaka. See Hambugallaka.
  • Kamma Sutta
  • Kamma Vagga. The twenty-fourth chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. It contains ten suttas on various kinds of deeds, the four classes of ascetics and the blessings of a good man (A.ii.230-9). The Commentary calls it Magga-vagga.
  • Kammahārattaka. General of King Khallātanāga. He led a revolution against the king and killed him in the capital. The king's brother Vattagāmani, however, killed the general and took over the government (Mhv.Xxxiii.33; see also MT.612).
  • Kammakārana Vagga. A group of ten suttas, forming the first section of the Duka Nipāta, on various subjects, such as faults and their punishment, worldly and spiritual striving, the two things (fear and shame) which guard the world, etc. A.ii.47ff
  • Kammakathā. The seventh chapter of the Mahāvagga of the Patisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.78-80.
  • Kammakkhandha. The first section of the Cullavagga of the Vinaya Pitaka (Vin.ii.1-28).
  • Kammapatha Vagga. The third chapter of the Dhātu Samyutta. S. ii.111f.
  • Kammāradeva. A locality in Anurādhapura, included in the sīmā marked out by Devānampiya-Tissa. On its left was the cemetery for the lower castes (Mbv.135; also Mhv.xv.13, see Geiger's edition, p.332).
  • Kammāragāma. A village in Rohana, identified with modern Kamburugamuva. It was one of the places passed by the Kańcukināyaka of Parakkamabāhu I, in his victorious progress (Cv.lxxv.47; Cv.Trs.ii.48, n.2).
  • Kammāsa. See Kammāsapada.
  • Kammāsadamma, Kammāsadhamma (v.l. Kammasa°)
  • Kammāsapāda
  • Kammassadhamma. See Kammāsadamma
  • Kammavācā. A compilation of the rules and the ritual regarding admission into the Sangha ( Bode: op. cit., 6f).
  • Kammavibhanga Sutta. See Cūla Kammavibhanga Sutta and Mahā Kammavibhanga Sutta.
  • Kammupelanda. See Kabupelanda.
  • Kampilla (Kampillaka, Kampilliya)
  • Kamsa
  • Kamsabhoga. A division of Uttarāpatha, its capital being Asitańjana, where Mahākamsa and his successors ruled. J.iv.79; PvA.111.
  • Kamsavamsa. The race of Mahākamsa; this race was destroyed by the sons of Devagabbhā. J. iv.79.
  • Kānā
  • Kanāda. A teacher of philosophy, mentioned with Kapila, as teaching that the soul was limitless (na antavā). UdA.339.
  • Kānagāma. A village and tank in Rohana. There Aggabodhi of Rohana built three hospitals for the blind and the sick and a large image house in the Patimā-vihāra (Cv.xlv.43). Parakkamabāhu I. repaired the tank. Cv.lxxix.35.
  • Kanakadattā. A nun, disciple of Konāgamana, who brought a branch of the Buddha's udumbara-bodhi to Ceylon. She, with her following, was left behind by the Buddha. v.l. Kantakānandā and Kandanandā. Dpv. xvii.17.
  • Kanakāgamana. See Konāgamana.
  • Kanakāgamana. See Konāgamana.
  • Kanakamuni. See Konāgamana.
  • Kanakapabbata
  • Kānamātā. A pious lay woman of Sāvatthi, mother of Kānā.
  • Kānamūla. A locality in Ceylon, near the Kālavāpi. Cv.lxxii.183.
  • Kānapaddāvuda. A locality in Ceylon. There a she-bear attacked Parakkamabāhu I. (then the Ādipāda), but was killed by him. Cv.1xvii.40.
  • Kānārittha
  • Kanasiya. A Tamil. chief, conquered by Lankāpura at Tirivekambama (Cv.lxxvi.238).
  • Kānatālavana-tittha. A ford in the Mahāvāluka-gangā, a point of strategic importance. Cv.lxxii.19.
  • Kānavāpī. A tank near the Cetiyagiri, given by Sena I. for the use of the monks there (Cv.l.72). Sena II. built a dam across it at Katthantanagara (Cv.li.73), and both Vijayabāhu I (Cv.lx.50) and Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.34) restored it.
  • Kanavera Jātaka (No.318)
  • Kanaverapupphiya Thera
  • Kańcamba. A Tamil chieftain who fought against Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvii.17.
  • Kańcana
  • Kańcanadevī
  • Kańcanagiri. See Kańcanapabbata.
  • Kańcanaguhā
  • Kańcanakkhandha Jātaka (No. 56)
  • Kańcanamālā. Probably the name of Sakka's white parasol. It was five leagues in circumference. J. v.386.
  • Kańcanamānava. The name given to Mahā Kaccāna by his parents, Kaccāna being the family name. He was called Kańcana because his body was of a golden colour. ThagA.483; AA.i.116.
  • Kańcanapabbata
  • Kańcanapattī. The hut in the Kańcanapabbata, where lived the ascetic Jotirasa, friend of Vessavana. J. ii.399.
  • Kańcanavana. A pleasance near Ujjeni, where Mahā Kaccāna lived on his return to Ujjeni after his ordination. AA.i.118.
  • Kańcanavela. Son of Piyadassī Buddha, his mother being Vimalā (Bu.xiv.17). The Buddhavamsa Commentary (p.172) calls him Kańcana.
  • Kańcanavelu. The city in which Siddattha Buddha died, in the park Anoma (BuA.188).
  • Kāńcipura (v.l. Kāńcīpura)
  • Kańcīpura. See Kāńcipura.
  • Kandadevamālava. A Tamil chief who fought against Parakkamabāhu's general Lankāpura, and was defeated at Mundikkāra. Later, when Kandadevamālava owned allegiance to Parakkamabāhu, Lankāpura restored Mundikkāra to him and appointed him chief of the two districts of Mangala. Cv.lxxvi.187, 208, 210.
  • Kandagalaka Jātaka (No.210)
  • Kandagalaka. A bird, a former birth of Devadatta. See the Kandagalaka Jātaka.
  • Kandaka. See Kantaka.
  • Kandakā. See Kantakā.
  • Kandakī. See Kantakī.
  • Kandalīpupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-four kappas ago he was a farmer on the banks of the Sindhū, and seeing the Buddha Siddhattha wrapt in meditation, offered him seven kandalī-flowers and paid him homage (Ap.i.257). v.l. Kadalī.
  • Kandamba. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.55, 80, 90.
  • Kandanagara. A locality in Ceylon; to the north of it was the Girinelavāhanaka Vihāra, built by Sūratissa. Mhv.xxi.8.
  • Kandanandā. See Kanakadattā.
  • Kandara Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Thūlanātha, younger son of Saddhātissa (Mhv.Xxxiii.15). According to the Mahāvamsa Tika (p.442), the vihāra was in Rohana.
  • Kandaraggisāma. A celebrated physician, mentioned in a list of such. Mil.272.
  • Kandarājika. A village in Rājarattha in Ceylon. See Tambasumana.
  • Kandaraka Sutta
  • Kandaraka
  • Kandaramasuka. See Kalāramatthuka.
  • Kandarasāla. See Katthaka.
  • Kandarāyana
  • Kandari Jātaka (No.341)
  • Kandari. King of Benares; his story is given in the Kandari Jātaka.
  • Kandina Jātaka (No.13)
  • Kandiyūru. A Tamil chieftain and ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.140.
  • Kandula
  • Kandula. The Rasavāhinī contains a story of how he once looked after the monks of Mahānijjhara Vihāra. Ras.ii.29.
  • Kanduvethi. A city in India, the capital of Narasīha; perhaps a variant reading of Kanduvetti (Cv.xlvii.7). Hultszch says (J.R.A.S.1913, p.527) that both names are synonyms with Kādavarū, a designation of the Pallava kings.
  • Kanduvetti. A Tamil chief and vassal prince of South India, ally of Kulasekhera. Cv.lxxvii.79.
  • Kangakondakalappa. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.75.
  • Kangakondāna. A fortress in South India. Cv.lxxvi.183.
  • Kangakondapperayara. A Tamil chief, subdued by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.179.
  • Kangayara. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara; he was vanquished by Lankāpura, general of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.140, 280, 318; lxxvii.15.
  • Kanha
  • Kanhā
  • Kanha Jātaka (No.29, 440)
  • Kanhadāsa. The donor of the vihāra in Kāveripattana, where lived Buddhadatta, author of Madhuratthavilāsinī, the commentary on the Buddhavamsa. BuA.249.
  • Kanhadevala. Another name for Asita. SnA.ii.487.
  • Kanhadinna Thera
  • Kanhadīpāyana
  • Kanhadīpāyana Jātaka (No.444)
  • Kanhagangā. The name of one part of the river which flows from Anotatta. This part is sixty leagues long and flows over a rocky bed. SnA.ii.439; AA.ii.760; UdA.302; MA.ii.586, etc.
  • Kanhāgotamakā, Kanhāgotamikā. A royal family of Nāgas. A.ii.72; J. ii.145.
  • Kanhagundāvana. See Gundāvana.
  • Kanhājinā
  • Kanhamitta. The real name of the thera Valliya (q.v.) of Vesāil. v.l. Gandimitta.
  • Kanhanadī. Another name for Kālanadī, the river forming the boundary of Rohana. (Cv.liii.20; Cv.Trs.i.173, n.5)
  • Kanhapakka Vagga. The first chapter of the Mātugāma Samyutta. S. iv.238-43.
  • Kanhasiri. Another name for Asita. Sn.v.689.
  • Kanhausabha Jātaka. See Kanha Jātaka (1).
  • Kanhavāta. A locality in Rohana. Cv.lxxv.174.
  • Kanhayāna
  • Kanikāracchadaniya Thera
  • Kanikārapadhānaghara. A meditation-hall in Khandacela Vihāra, where lived Padhāniya Thera. MA.i.65.
  • Kanikārapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-two kappas ago he saw the Buddha Tissa and offered him a kanikāra-flower. Thirty-five kappas ago he was a king named Arunapāla (v.l. Arunabala) (Ap.i.203). He is probably identical with Ujjaya Thera. ThagA.i.118f.
  • Kanikāravālikasamudda Vihāra. The residence of the Thera Sāketa-Tissa, during a whole rainy season. AA.i.44; MA.i.350; DA.iii.1061.
  • Kanikāra-Vimāna. A palace in Tāvatimsa, sixty leagues high and thirty broad, which Uttara Thera occupied as a result of having, in a previous birth, offered a kanikāra-flower to Sumedha Buddha. ThagA.i.241.
  • Kanirajānu Tissa
  • Kanira-pabbhāra. A cave, probably in the side of the Cetiyagiri, into which King Kanirajānu Tissa ordered sixty monks to be flung, they having been found guilty of high treason (Mhv.Xxxv.11).
  • Kaniska
  • Kanittha-Tissa, Kanittha-Tissaka
  • Kanjin.
  • Kankhā-Revata Thera
  • Kankhāvitaranī
  • Kankheyya Sutta
  • Kannagoccha, Kannagotta. See Kannakujja.
  • Kannakatthala Sutta
  • Kannakatthala. A deer-park in Ujuńńā. There the Buddha sometimes stayed; he was once visited there by Acela Kassapa, to whom he preached the Kassapasīhanāda Sutta (D.i.161), and again by Pasenadi, king of Kosala; to him he preached the Kannakatthala Sutta. M.ii.125.
  • Kannakujja
  • Kannamunda, Kannakatthala. See Kannnamunda, etc.
  • Kannamunda, Kannamundaka
  • Kannapennā
  • Kannāta. The name given in the Cūlavamsa to the Kanarese of South India. They are often mentioned as mercenary soldiers in Ceylon. E.g., Cv.lv.12; lx.24, 26; lxx.230.
  • Kannāvadhamāna. A mountain in Ceylon, the residence of the Nāga-king, father of Cūlodara and brother-in-law of Mahodara. Mhv.i.49; but see my edition of the Mahāvamsa-Tīkā, where I take the name of the mountain to be Vaddhamāna.
  • Kannikāragalla. A tank in Ceylon, restored by Gajabāhu. Cv.lxviii.45.
  • Kantaka (v.l. Kandaka)
  • Kantakā (v.l. Kandakā). A nun who was guilty of unchastity with the novice Kantaka (Vin.i.85).
  • Kantaka Sutta.
  • Kantaka-cetiya. A building on the Cetiyapabbata. Near it were many rock cells, sixty-eight of which were built by Devānampiya-Tissa (Mhv.Xvi.12). Can this be the same as Kantaka-cetiya (q.v.)? See also Katthaka.
  • Kantakacetiya. A cetiya on Cetiyapabbata. Here Kāla-Buddharakkhita Thera (q.v.) preached the Kālakārāma Sutta (MA.i.469f). See also Katthaka and Kantaka.
  • Kantakadvāravāta. A village in Rohana where the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. inflicted a severe defeat on their enemies (Cv.lxxiv.85). It is identified with the modern Katupelella. Cv.Trs.ii.29, n.3.
  • Kantakānandā. See Kanakadattā.
  • Kantakapetaka. A district on the frontier of the Dakkhinadesa of Ceylon, probably to the east or north-east of Matale (Cv.lxix.10; Cv.Trs.283, n.2).
  • Kantakavana. A locality in Rohana where the general Rakkha built a stronghold and attacked the enemy forces. Cv.lxxiv.56.
  • Kantakī Sutta
  • Kantakīvana
  • Kanthaka (v.l. Kannthaka)
  • Kanthaka. See Kanthaka.
  • Kanthakanivatta-cetiya. See Kanthaka.
  • Kanthakasāla-parivena. See Kanthaka.
  • Kanthapitthi. An important village, among those given by Aggabodhi IX. to a number of small vihāras in order that the monks of these vihāras could obtain rice-gruel without going, as formerly, to the Mahāvihāra. Cv.xlix.89.
  • Kapālanāga. A vihāra built by Dāthā, wife of Aggabodhi II. Cv.xlii.65.
  • Kapallakkhanda. A locality in Ceylon on the field of Hankārapitthi. Here was fought a fierce battle between Ilanāga and the Lambakannas, in which the latter were slain in large numbers (Mhv.Xxxv.34).
  • Kapallapūva
  • Kāpathika (v.l. Kāpatika)
  • Kapi Jātaka (No.250, 404)
  • Kāpi. Son of Kotūhalaka and his wife Kālī. When his parents fled from Ajītarattha to Kosambī from fear of the plague, they, being starved, found it very difficult to carry the child. Seven times the father tried to abandon the child, but the mother prevented him. DhA.i.169f
  • Kapila
  • Kapila Sutta. Preached by the Buddha to the people assembled to hear his explanation of the golden colour of the fish, Kapila-maccha (see Kapila 4) (SnA.i.305f; DhA.iv.42: UdA.180; ThagA.i.356). The Sutta Nipāta calls it Dhammacariya Sutta.
  • Kapila-maccha Vatthu. The story of Kapila-maccha. DhA.iv.37ff
  • Kapila-maccha. See Kapila (4).
  • Kapila-nagara. See Kapila (6).
  • Kāpilānī-See Bhaddā Kāpīlānī.
  • Kapilapura. See Kapilavatthu.
  • Kapilavatthu
  • Kapila-vihāra. See Kapila 12.
  • Kapinaccanā
  • Kapisīsa
  • Kapittha. A village near Cittalapabbata-vihāra, the residence of Phussadeva (v.l. Gavita). Mhv.xxiii.82.
  • Kapitthaphaladāyaka Thera
  • Kapitthavana
  • Kapīvantā. A city to the north of Uttarakuru. D.iii.201.
  • Kapota Jātaka (No.42, 375)
  • Kapotakandara
  • Kappa
  • Kappa Sutta
  • Kappagallaka. A village in Rohana where Mahinda V. founded a town which, for some time, was the seat of his government (Cv.lv.11).
  • Kappaka. See Kappa (4).
  • Kappakagāma (Kappukagāma). A vihāra in Ceylon, the residence of the thera Deva. It was from him that King Vohārika-Tissa heard the Doctrine and, as a mark of favour, the king restored five buildings belonging to the Kappakagāma monastery (Mhv.Xxxvi.29).
  • Kappakandara (v.l. Kappukandara)
  • Kapparukkhiya Thera
  • Kappāsagāma. A village in Ceylon. There Kittī, queen consort of Mahinda IV., built a bathing tank for the monks. Cv.liv.51.
  • Kappāsika (Kappāsiya)-Vanasanda
  • Kappata
  • Kappatakura Thera
  • Kappāyana. A name of Nigrodha-Kappa (Sn.v.354); given out of respect for him, says the Commentary. SnA.i.350.
  • Kappina Sutta
  • Kappina. See Mahā-Kappina.
  • Kappińcimpekula. A Tamil chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.79.
  • Kappitaka Thera
  • Kappuka°. See Kappaka°.
  • Kappūramūlāyatana. This probably refers to the Kappūra-parivena (Geiger: Cv.Trs.i.222, n.7). Yasodharā, daughter of Vijayabāhu I., built there a large and beautiful image house. Cv.lx.83.
  • Kappūra-parivena. A building in the Abhayagiri-vihāra, erected by Dāthopatissa II. (Cv.xlv.29). Later, Aggabodhi II. built a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21), and Sena I. erected a pariccheda (probably rows of single cells). (Cv.l.77) (See also Kappfirar muliyatana).
  • Kapulpelanda. See Kabupelanda.
  • Kāradīpa. An island in the Tamil country, near Nāgadīpa. Its original name was Ahidīpa. Akitti took up his residence there and lived on the leaves and fruits of the kāra-tree which grew there. On account of this the island came by its new name. J.iv.238.
  • Kāragangā
  • Karajakāya Vagga. The twenty-first chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. It contains suttas on ten conditions which lead beings to hell, the ten conditions which give a lay-woman confidence in her house, etc. (A.v.283-303)
  • Kāraka. A village in Ceylon, near Serisara. Ras.ii.183.
  • Karakanda, Karakandaka
  • Kārakapupphamańjarī. A work on Pāli grammar, written by Attaragama Bandāra-Rājaguru in the eighteenth century, dealing with kāraka or case-relations - i.e., syntax. P.L.C.283.
  • Kāraliyagiri. A monastery in Ceylon, the residence of a thera named Nāga, who taught the monks the Dhātukathā after having given up the study of the scriptures for eighteen years. Vsm.i.96.
  • Karamba. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.139.
  • Kārambhiya 1.See Kāranvī below.
  • Kārambhiya 2.See Karambiya.
  • Karambiya
  • Kāranapālī
  • Kāranapālī Sutta. Records the meeting mentioned above of Kāranapālī with Pingiyānī. A.iii.236-9.
  • Karandaka
  • Karandaka Jātaka. See Samugga Jātaka.
  • Kārandava Sutta
  • Kārandiya (Kārandiya). A brahmin student, the Bodhisatta. His story is given in the Kārandiya Jātaka.
  • Kārandiya Jātaka (No.356)
  • Karandu (v.l. Karakanda, Karandaka, Karakandaka)
  • Karanīyametta Sutta. See Metta Sutta.
  • Karanīyavimāna
  • Kāranvī. A wood in which the Elder Cittaka sojourned for some time (Thag.v.22). The Commentary suggests (ThagA.ii.78) that kāram is the name of a tree and that from this tree the wood was named. v.l. Kārambhiya.
  • Kārapitthi. A village in Ceylon. Moggallāna III. built there the Mogallāna-vihāra. Cv.xliv.50.
  • Karatiya. A Yakkha, mentioned in the Ātānātiya Sutta as being one of the chief Yakkhas who should be invoked by followers of the Buddha when they need protection. D.iii.204.
  • Karavālagiri. A locality in Ceylon where once Parakkamabāhu I. set up his camp. Cv.lxxii.134.
  • Karavīka
  • Karavitthavilatta. A tank in Ceylon. It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48.
  • Kārāyana. See Dīgha-kārāyana.
  • Karerikutikā
  • Karerimandalamālā
  • Kārikā. A grammatical work in Pall, written by the Elder Dhammasenāpati at the Ananda-vihāra in Pagan. A tika on the work is ascribed to the same author. Gv. p.63, 73; Bode, op. cit., 16 and n.1.
  • Karindaka. A mountain, headquarters of Dāthāpabhuti in his fight against Moggallāna. Cv.xli.45.
  • Karinda-nadī.A river in South Ceylon. Near its source was the Panjalipabbata. Mhv..xxiii.14; also Mhv..Trs.221, n.1.
  • Karoti
  • Karoto Sutta. Discussion of the view that there is neither merit nor demerit in any kind of action whatsoever, whether good or bad (S.iii.208). The reference is evidently to the heresy of Pūrana Kassapa (C.p. D.i.52).
  • Karumbūlatta, Kurummalatta. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara. He was subdued by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.139, 216.
  • Karumhā. A class of spirits, present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.260.
  • Karunā Sutta. The idea of karunā (pity), if cultivated, is very fruitful. S. v.131.
  • Kārusā. Mentioned with the Bhaggas in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.
  • Kāsagalla. A monastery which was repaired by Vijayabāhu I. v.l. Kāyagalla. Cv.lx.61.
  • Kasagāma. A village in Ceylon, given to the Moraparivena by Dāthopatissa II. Cv.xlv.28.
  • Kasālla. A tank in South Ceylon repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.48) A fortress of this name is also mentioned, where Gokanna was defeated (Cv.lxx.72).
  • Kāsapabbata. A mountain in Ceylon, once the headquarters of Pandukābhaya (Mhv.X.27). It lay on the way from Vijitapura to Anurādhapura. Dutthagāmanī encamped there and constructed a tank near by. Mhv.xxv.50; see also Mhv.Trs.70 n.
  • Kāsāva Jātaka (No.221)
  • Kāsāva Vagga. The eighth section of the Duka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. ii.196-221.
  • Kāsaya. Inhabitant of Kāsi (J.ii.402). Cf. Kāsiyo.
  • Kāsi (Kāsika)
  • Kasī Bhāradvāja Sutta
  • Kasī Sutta. See Kasī-Bhāradvāja.
  • Kasī-Bhāradvāja
  • Kāsigāma, Kāsinigama
  • Kāsika. A city. Sixty-five kappas ago the Thera Bodhighariya lived there as cakkavatti. The city was built by Vissakamma and was ten leagues in length and eight in width. It was built entirely of precious metals. The king's palace was called Mangala. Ap.ii.401.
  • Kāsika. The name of a tribe; probably the inhabitants of Kāsi. Ap.ii.359.
  • Kāsikhanda. A district in Ceylon; in it was the Mahādevarattakurara-vihāra. Cv.xli.101.
  • Kasina Sutta. The ten spheres of kasina (kasināyatanāni) - e.g., pathavi, Āpo, tejo, etc. (A.v.46)
  • Kāsipura. See Kāsi (2).
  • Kāsiyo. The inhabitants of Kāsi. J.v.377, etc.
  • Kasmīra
  • Kāsmīra. See Kasmīra.
  • Kassaka Sutta
  • Kassakagiri. See Kassapagiri.
  • Kassakalena. A cave (probably in Ceylon), which was the residence of the Elder Mahāmitta (q.v.). VibhA.279f.; SA.iii.136f.
  • Kassapa
  • Kassapa Samyutta
  • Kassapa Sutta
  • Kassapagiri
  • Kassapagotta
  • Kassapagotta or Cheta Sutta. Relates the story of the attempt made by Kassapagotta (4) to convert a huntsman. S.i.198f
  • Kassapakārāma (Kassapārāma)
  • Kassapamandiya Jātaka (No.312)
  • Kassapapāsāda. A building attached to the Abhayagiri-vihāra and erected by Kassapa IV. A village was made over for its maintenance (Cv.lii.13). It is identified with the "Kasub-vad-mahapahā" mentioned in an inscription of Mahinda IV. in the Jetavanārāma. Ep.Zey.i.216.
  • Kassaparājaka. A monastery begun by a young prince, called Kassapa, in the time of King Dappula and finished by Sena I (Cv.l.81). An inscription (Ep.Zey.i.42ff) mentions that a "Kasubraja-vehara" (probably the same as the above), was restored by Kassapa V.
  • Kassapasena. A monastery built by the Senāpati of Kassapa IV. It was given to the Sāgalikas (Cv.lii.17). It was restored by Kassapa V. (Ep.Zey.ii.40).
  • Kassapasīhanāda Sutta
  • Kassapa-vihāra. A monastery to which Dāthopatissa II. gave the village of Senāmagāma (Cv.xlv.27). This monastery is probably to be identified with Kassapagiri-vihāra.
  • Kassapiyā, Kassapikā
  • Kassipitthika-vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, built by King Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.49.
  • Kāsumāriphalakadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he gave a kāsumāri-fruit to the Buddha (Ap.i.294). He is probably to be identified with Sīvaka Sāmanera (ThagA.ii.61).
  • Kāsumāriphaliya Thera. An arahant. The verses attributed to him are the same as those of Kāsumāriphaladāyaka. He is probably to be identified with Jotidāsa Thera (Ap.ii.445).
  • Katacchubhikkhadāyikā Therī
  • Katadorāvāda (?). A village in Rohana in South Ceylon (Cv.lxxiv.164). It may be the same as Kantakadvāravāta. Geiger, Cv.Trs.ii.36, n.3.
  • Katagāma. A village in which the Ādipāda Vikkamabāhu defeated Jayabāhu and his brothers. Cv.lxi.16.
  • Katāhaka Jātaka (No.125)
  • Katāhaka. The son of a female slave of the Bodhisatta when he was a rich treasurer in Benares. For his story, see the Katāhaka Jātaka.
  • Kataka. A village in Ceylon granted by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of the padhanāghara, which he built for the Elder Dāthāsiva. Cv.xlvi.12.
  • Katakandhakāra
  • Katamorakatissa (Katamorakatissaka)
  • Katandhakāra. See Katakandhakāra.
  • Katattha. One of the Yakkhas who guarded Jotika's palace. He was at the sixth gate and had six thousand Yakkhas with him. DhA.iv.209.
  • Kathā Sutta
  • Kathāvatthu
  • Kathāvatthu Sutta
  • Kathāvivarana. A book mentioned in the Gandhavamsa (p.65).
  • Kathika Sutta. The true preacher is one who preaches revulsion from the body, its fading away and its cessation. S.iii.163.
  • Kathina Vagga 1. The first section of the Mahā Vibhanga of the Parivārapāthā. Vin.v.1-10.
  • Kathina Vagga 2. The first section of the Nissagiya. Vin.iii.195-223.
  • Kathinakkhandha. The seventh chapter of the Mahāvagga of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.i.253-67.
  • Kati chinde Sutta. Preached in answer to a deva's question as to how many bonds an arahant should cut. Five, says the Buddha. S. i.3.
  • Katissabha
  • Katissaha
  • Kativāpi. One of the tanks repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.34.
  • Katiyāgāma. A village in Ceylon where Gajabāhu's officers slew large numbers of his enemies (Cv.lxx.67).
  • Kātiyāna
  • Kātiyānī (v.l. Kaccānī)
  • Kattala. A village in South India belonging to Tondamāna. Cv.lxxvii.51.
  • Kattha Sutta. On the five evil results of not using a toothbrush, and the five advantages of using one. A.iii.250.
  • Katthahāla-parivena. A monastic residence in or near Anurādhapura. A monk from Piyangalla, who was asked to participate in the building of the Mahā Thūpa, stayed in the parivena during his visit to Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxx.34.
  • Katthahāra Sutta
  • Katthahāra-Bhāradvāja. See Katthahāra Sutta.
  • Katthahāri Jātaka (No.7)
  • Katthaka Cetiya
  • Katthakā A class of devas present at the Mahāsamaya (D.ii.261). v.l. Kathakā.
  • Katthakasāla. See Katthaka Cetiya.
  • Katthantanagara. A town near the Kānavāpi tank. It was here that King Sena II. had the dam of the tank repaired. Cv.li.73.
  • Katthavāhana
  • Katthavāhananagara. The city of king Katthavāhana (1) (SnA.ii.576). It was one whole day's journey from Benares and twenty yojanas from Sāvatthi (SnA.ii.579).
  • Katthī Sutta. Preached to the monks at Sahajātī by Mahā-Cunda. It deals with ten qualities of which a monk should rid himself if he is to increase and prosper in the dhammavinaya. A.v.157ff
  • Kattikā
  • Kattikapabbata. A village in Rohana given by Dappula I. to the Tissavihāra. Cv.xlv.59.
  • Katunnarū. A tank in South Ceylon repaired by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.48) and again by Parakkamabāhu I. before his ascent to the throne. Cv.lxviii.46.
  • Katuvandu. A locality near Anurādhapura (Cv.lxxii.188).
  • Katuviya Sutta
  • Kāveri
  • Kavi Sutta
  • Kāvinda
  • Kāvīra. A seaport in the Tamil country. Akitti lived in a park near by (J.iv.238). Sumanā, wife of Lakuntaka Atimbara, was once born in Kāvīra in a mariner's family. DhA.iv.50.
  • Kavisīsa. See Kapisīsa.
  • Kāya Sutta
  • Kāyaduccarita Sutta. On the five evil results of wickedness in bodily action. A.iii.267.
  • Kāyagalla. See Kāsagalla above.
  • Kāyagatāsati Sutta
  • Kayanibbinda Jātaka. See Kāyavicchinda.
  • Kāyasakkhi Sutta
  • Kāyasatti. A Thera, incumbent of the Vijayabāhu-parivena. King Parakkamabāhu IV. built for him a two-storied pasāda of great splendour and gave him the village of Sālaggāma. Cv.xc.91f
  • Kāyavicchandanaka Sutta.Another name for the Vijaya Sutta of the Sutta Nipāta. SnA.i.241.
  • Kāyavicchinda Jātaka (No.293)
  • Kayavikkaya Sutta. Few are they who abstain from buying and selling, more numerous they who do not (S.v.473).
  • Kāyaviratigāthā
  • Kebukā
  • Kehāla. See Kohāla.
  • Kehella. A village in Ceylon, the revenue from which Aggabodhi III. gave to the padhānaghara called Mahallarāja. Cv.xliv.120.
  • Keheta. A village in Ceylon, given by Jetthatissa III. for the maintenance of the Gangāmāti-vihāra. Cv.xliv.99.
  • Keka. A kingdom in Mahimsakarattha. Ajjuna Sahassabāhu once ruled there. v.l. Kekaka (J.v.145).
  • Kekaka. A city, regarded in ancient times as one of the three chief cities of Jambudīpa, the others being Uttarapańcāla and Indapatta. J. ii.213.
  • Kekakā. The people of Kekaka. J. ii.214; v.267, 273; vi.280, 281.
  • Kekarājā. The king of Kekaka. J. vi.280, 281.
  • Kekaya. Another name for Keka and Kekaka. J. ii.214.
  • Kekkhārupupphiya. See Kakkāru.
  • Kelāsa
  • Kelavāhā. See Telavāhā.
  • Kelisīla Jātaka (No.202)
  • Kelivāta. A district or village in Ceylon. Aggabodhi I. built there the Sumanapabbata-vihāra. Cv.xlii.19.
  • Keliya-tissa. See Ariyagāla-tissa.
  • Keniya (v.l. Kenniya)
  • Keralā
  • Kerala. A country in South India, along the Malabar coast. See Keralā.
  • Keralasīhamuttara. A Tamil chief, an ally of Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi.141). He later formed a friendship with Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvii.7.
  • Kesa. See Kesi.
  • Kesadhātu
  • Kesadhātuvamsa
  • Kesakambala Sutta
  • Kesakambala. See Ajita Kesakambala.
  • Kesakārī
  • Kesaputta. A township of the Kosalans and the residence of the Kālāmas. The Buddha once stayed there, on which occasion he preached the Kesaputtiya Sutta. A.i.188.
  • Kesaputtiya Sutta
  • Kesaputtiyā. The people of Kesaputta - the Kālāmas (A.i.188). It is suggested that they may be identical with the Kesins of the Satapatha Brāhman. Law: Geog. p.30 n.; PHAI.118.
  • Kesārāma. A park in the city of Sīlavatī. The Buddha Dhammadassī died there. Bu.xvi.25; BuA.185.
  • Kesarapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas ago he was a vijjādhara in Himavā, and having seen the Buddha Vessabhū, gave him three kesara-flowers. Ap.i.187.
  • Kesava
  • Kesava Jātaka (No.346)
  • Kesi (Vagga/Sutta)
  • Kesī. See Kesinī below.
  • Kesinī 1.One of the wives of Ekarāja. J. vi.134.
  • Kesinī 2.Mother of Buddhaghosa (Buddhaghosuppatti, p.38). The Sāsanavamsa (p.29) calls her Kesī.
  • Ketakapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas ago he saw the Buddha Vipassī (?) on the banks of the Vinatā and gave him a ketaka-flower (Ap.ii.449f). His stanzas are given in the Theragāthā Commentary under two names: Abhaya and Kappatakura.
  • Ketakavana. A forest near Nalakapāna in Kosala. There the Buddha preached the Nalapāna Jātaka. J.i.170.
  • Ketumā. A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a list of their names. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.
  • Ketumatī
  • Ketumbarāga. The name of a Pacceka Buddha (M.iii.70; Ap.i.107).
  • Kevatta (v.l. Kevaddha)
  • Kevatta (v.l. Kevaddha) Sutta
  • Kevattadvāra. One of the gates of Benares. The village near it bore the same name and was the residence of Lakhumā. VvA.97f.
  • Kevattagambhīra. A village in Rohana, given by Dappula to the Nāga-vihāra. Cv.xlv.58.
  • Kevatta-Nanda. One of the Nava-Nandā.
  • Khadira Sutta. It is just as impossible to destroy dukkha without realising the Four Noble Truths as it is to make a leaf-basket of acacia leaves, etc., or to fetch water in such a basket, or to use the leaves for a fan. S. v.438.
  • Khadirangani. A village in Ceylon. Kitti (afterwards Vijayabāhu I.) once occupied a stronghold in the village and fought a successful battle near by. Cv.lvii.72; lviii.36.
  • Khadirangāra Jātaka (No.40)
  • Khadirāvali Vihāra. A monastery in Rohana. Dappula I, built it and offered it to the presiding deity of the place (probably Skanda). Cv.xlv.55; see also Cv. Trs.i.94, n.3.
  • Khadiravaniya. The name of the Bodhisatta when he was once born as a bird in a khadira-wood. See the Kandagalaka Jātaka. J. ii.162f.
  • Khadiravaniya-Revata. See Revata.
  • Khaggavisāna Sutta
  • Khajjakadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-two kappas ago he gave a ripe panasa-fruit, with a coconut, to the Buddha Tissa; and thirteen kappas ago he was a king named Indasoma (Ap.i.182). He is probably identical with Setuccha Thera. ThagA.i.206f.
  • Khajjanīya Sutta
  • Khajjanīya Vagga. The eighth chapter of the Khandha Samyutta of the Samyutta Nikāya. S. iii.81-105.
  • Khajjanīya-pariyāya. See Khajjanīya Sutta.
  • Khajjopanaka Jātaka (No.364). See Khajjopanaka-Pańha.
  • Khajjopanaka-Pańha
  • Khajjotanadī. A river in Ceylon, tributary of the Mahāvāluka-nadī. Over it Devappatirāja built a bridge of thirty cubits. Cv.lxxxvi.22; see also Cv. Trs.ii.173, n.3.
  • Khajjūrakavaddhamāna. A tank in Ceylon. Cv.lxvii.39.
  • Khalātiya Petavatthu
  • Khallātanāga
  • Khaluggata. See Baluggata.
  • Khalunka Sutta 1. The eight defects of a horse and the corresponding eight defects of a man. A.iv.190f.
  • Khalunka Sutta 2. Three groups of three classes of horses and the corresponding three classes of men. A.iv.397f.
  • Khalupaccha Sutta. On the five kinds of monks found among those who refuse food offered them after the normal time ("Khalupacchā-bhattikā"). A.iii.220.
  • Khamā Sutta 1. The four modes of progress (patipadā); that which is impatient, that which is patient, that which tames, and that which calms. A.ii.152f.
  • Khamā Sutta 2. Similar to the above, but the practice of the patipadā is differently illustrated. A.ii.153f.
  • Khambhakata Vagga. The Third Section of the Sekhiyā of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.iv.188-91.
  • Khanda
  • Khandacela
  • Khandadeva
  • Khandadeviyāputta
  • Khandahāla Jātaka (No.542)
  • Khandahāla. A brahmin; a former birth of Devadatta. See the Khandahāla Jātaka.
  • Khandakavitthika. A village in Ceylon. The birthplace of Sūranimila (Mhv.Xxiii.19).
  • Khandaphulliya Thera
  • Khandarāja. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Upatissa II.  Cv.xxxvii.186.
  • Khandasīmā. A sacred space in Pulatthipura included in the sīmā marked out for the Sangha by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.68; see also Cv. Trs.ii. 110, n.5.
  • Khandasumana Thera
  • Khandavagga. A district in Rohana. The forces of the enemies of Parakkamabāhu I, once encamped there. Cv.1xxv.119-23.
  • Khandha Paritta/Vagga/Samyutta
  • Khandha Sutta
  • Khandhā Sutta 1. The five khandhas and the five upādānakkhandhas. S.iii.47.
  • Khandhā Sutta 2.It is for the full comprehension of the five upādānakkhandhas that the Noble Eightfold Path should be followed. S. v.60.
  • Khandhaka Thūpa. A cetiya (probably in the Cetiyapabbata). King Lańjaka Tissa caused a mantling of stone to be made for it. Mhv.xxxiii.25. v.l. Katthaka, Kanthaka Thūpa, Kantaka Thūpa. See also Katthaka.
  • Khandhakā
  • Khandhapura. The Pāli name for Myein Zaing in Burma ( Bode, op. cit., 40).
  • Khandhāvara. The family name of Ayasmanta (Cv.lxxx.37). They were worshippers of the god Skanda, and were an offshoot of the Moriyavamsa. According to the colophon of the Sinhalese poem, Sālalihinisandesa.
  • Khandhavatta Jātaka (No.203)
  • Khandhena Sutta
  • Khandigāma. A village in Ceylon. It contained a narrow pass where a battle took place between Gajabāhu and Lankāpura, in which the former was defeated. Later, the Adhikārin Nātha suffered defeat in the same place. Cv.lxx.216-81, 298; see also Cv. Trs.i.305, n.6.
  • Khańjadeva
  • Khanti Sutta. See Vepacitti Sutta.
  • Khantikakhipa. See Nāgita (2).
  • Khantivādī Jātaka (No.313)
  • Khantivādī. The title of the ascetic of the Khantivādī Jātaka.
  • Khantivanna Jātaka (No.225)
  • Khānu 1. A Tamil general whom Dutthagāmani conquered in his campaign. His stronghold was at Khānugāma. Mhv.xxv.14.
  • Khānu 2. A tank, probably at Khānugāma, built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.47.
  • Khānu Kondańńa
  • Khānumata
  • Khara
  • Kharadāthika
  • Kharādiya Jātaka (No.15)
  • Kharādiyā. See the Kharādiya Jātaka.
  • Kharaputta Jātaka (No.386)
  • Kharassara Jātaka (No.79)
  • Khārodakā. A river in Avīci, flowing alongside the Asipattavana. M.iii.185; SnA.ii.479.
  • Khata Sutta
  • Khattiya Sutta
  • Khattiyānī or Velāmikā. Chief of the eighty-four thousand women who waited on the Bodhisatta when he was once a mighty king Mahāsudassana of Kusāvatī. S. iii.146; but see D.ii.188.
  • Khaya Sutta
  • Khema
  • Khemā
  • Khema Sutta
  • Khema Vagga. The sixth chapter of the Navaka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.iv.455f.
  • Khemābhirata. A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal list (M.iii.70).
  • Khemaka
  • Khemankara
  • Khemappakarana
  • Khemārāma. A locality in Ceylon. Here Dutthagāmani, having vanquished eleven Tamil chiefs, distributed among his troops the booty rescued from them - hence the name (Mhv.Xxv.10; MT.474).
  • Khemātherī Sutta. Records the story of the visit of Pasenadi to Khemā (S.iv.374ff). See Khemā (1).
  • Khemavatī
  • Khemī. A pond, probably identical with Khema (8) (J.v.374).
  • Khemiyā. A class of gods, present at the preaching of the Mahā Samaya Sutta (D.ii.261).
  • Khemiyambavana. A mango grove near Benares. Udena once stayed there and preached the Ghotamukha Sutta. M.ii.157.
  • Khetta Sutta 1. The eight qualities of a bad field in which to sow grain and the corresponding qualities of a good field. Similarly with the recipients of gifts. A.iv.237f.
  • Khetta Sutta 2.Few abstain from accepting fields; many do not. S. v.473.
  • Khettūpama-peta Vatthu. The first story of the Peta Vatthu. Pv.i.1.
  • Khiddāpadosikā
  • Khila Sutta
  • Khīlā Sutta. The three mental obstructions - lust, hatred, and illusion - to the comprehension of the Noble Eightfold Path (S.v.57).
  • Khira Sutta. Preached at Sāvatthi. Incalculable is the beginning of samsāra. The milk drunk by a being during his wanderings in samsāra is more in quantity than the water of the four seas. S. ii.180.
  • Khīrabhatta-tissa.- See Ariyagāla-tissa.
  • Khīragāma
  • Khīrarukkha Sutta. Where lust, malice, and infatuation exist in a man, even trifling objects, cognisable by the senses, find their way into the mind, just as, in a sap-tree, sap flows out wherever man cuts it with an axe (S.iv.159f).
  • Khīravāpikagāma. A village in Ceylon, near the district of Ambavana (Cv.lxvi.85).
  • Khitaka Thera
  • Kholakkhiya. An image of the Buddha in Ceylon. King Udaya I. gave for its maintenance the village of Mahāmaga. Cv.xlix.14.
  • Khomadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas ago he was a merchant in Bandhumatī and, having seen Vipassī Buddha in the street, gave him a linen cloth (khoma). Twenty-seven kappas ago he was a king named Sindhavasandana. Ap.i.80f.
  • Khomadussa
  • Khomadussa Sutta
  • Khomadussaka. An inhabitant of Khomadussa. S. i.184.
  • Khudda-Aggabodhi. The name given to Aggabodhi II (Cv.xlii.40; xliv.2). He was also called Khuddarājā (Cv.xliv.138). See Aggabodhi (3).
  • Khuddaka Nikāya
  • Khuddaka Tissa (Khudda Tissa)
  • Khuddakā. Name of a tribe. Ap.ii.359.
  • Khuddaka. The name given to the section on Pācittiya which occurs in the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.iv.174, 345.
  • Khuddakańcakunda. A Tamil chief, generally referred to as Culla-kańcakunda. Cv.lxxvi.170.
  • Khuddakapātha
  • Khuddakavatthu-Khandhaka. The fifth chapter of the Culla Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.ii.105-43.
  • Khuddapārinda. A Tamil usurper. He was the brother of Parinda who had usurped Dhātusena's throne. He reigned for sixteen years (between 430 and 460 A.C.). Cv.xxxviii.30f.
  • Khuddarājā. See Khudda-Aggabodhi above.
  • Khuddarūpī. See Maddarūpī.
  • Khuddasikkhā
  • Khuddavalikagāma. A harbour in North Ceylon. Cv.lxxxviii.23.
  • Khujjanāga. Son of Kanittha-Tissa. He was king of Ceylon (246-248 A.C.). He was slain by his brother Kuńcanāga. Mhv.Xxxvi.18f.
  • Khujjasobhita Thera
  • Khujjuttarā
  • Khulū. Probably a wrong reading for Bhumū. D.iii.6.
  • Khuradhāra. A Niraya. Those guilty of abortion are born there. J. v.269, 274f.
  • Khuramāla, Khuramālī. A sea. Once, merchants travelling from Bhārukaccha lost their way in it and were rescued by Suppāraka. In the sea were fishes with bodies like men and sharp razor-like snouts. J. iv.139.
  • Khurappa Jātaka (No.265)
  • Kiccārattarayara. A Tamil chief of Cola, an ally of Nigaladha. Cv.lxxvii.17.
  • Kihimbila. One of the villages given by Aggabodhi IV. for the maintenance of Dāthāsiva's padhānaghara. Cv.xlvi.12.
  • Kikī
  • Kikī-Brahmadatta. Son of Suyāma and great grandson of King Kikī; see Ekadhamma-Savaniya Thera (1).
  • Kikumāra. The name of a tribe mentioned in the Apadāna (Ap.ii.359).
  • Kīlākāra. One of the gardens laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxxix.12). There was a sluice of the Parakkamasamudda at the end of the garden, and from this sluice branched off the Salalavatī canal (Cv.lxxix.43).
  • Kīlakotta. A locality in South India where Lankāpura fought with the Tamils. Cv.lxxvi.297.
  • Kīlāmandapa. A building in Parakkamabāhu's Dīpuyyāna. There the king used to amuse himself with "connoisseurs of the merry mood." Cv.lxxiii.117.
  • Kīlamangala
  • Kīlanakhanda. The section of the Bhūridatta Jātaka which deals with the capture of Bhūridatta and the preparations for an exhibition of his dancing powers. J. vi.186.
  • Kilańjadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-four kappas ago he was a worker in reeds in Tivarā and gave a mat of rushes to be offered to the Buddha Siddhattha. Seventy-seven kappas ago he was a king named Jutindhara (v.l. Jalandhara). Ap.i.219.
  • Kilańjakāsanasālā. A building in Anurādhapura, mentioned in connection with Pitamalla Thera.
  • Kīlenilaya. A town in South India on the borders of Madhurā. Cv.lxxvii.83.
  • Kilesa Samyutta. The twenty-seventh division of the Samyutta Nikāya. S. iii.232-4.
  • Kilesa Sutta
  • Kilesamāra. See Māra.
  • Kilesiya Sutta
  • Kimattha Sutta.When Paribbājakas, holding other views, should ask why members of the Buddha's Order live the holy life, the reply should be "for the full understanding of dukkha." They should also be told of the way to such understanding. S.v.6.
  • Kimatthi Sutta
  • Kimatthiya Sutta
  • Kimbilā
  • Kimbilā Sutta
  • Kimbila Sutta. Records the conversation which took place at Veluvana (Niceluvana?) in Kimbilā between Kimbila and the Buddha, regarding the continuance of the Doctrine after the Buddha's death. A.iii.247, 339; iv.84.
  • Kimbila Vagga. The twenty-first section of the Pańcaka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. It contains ten suttas of which the Kimbila Sutta is the first. A.iii.247-51.
  • Kimbila, Kimila, Kimmila
  • Kimikālā
  • Kimila, Kimilā. See Kimbila, Kimbilā.
  • Kimpakka Jātaka (No.85)
  • Kimsīla Sutta
  • Kimsukā Sutta
  • Kimsukapūjaka Thera.- An arahant. Ninety-four kappas ago he had offered a kimsuka-flower to the Buddha Siddhattha. Ap.i.283.
  • Kimsukapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he had offered a kimsuka-flower to the Buddha (Ap.ii.435). In the Theragāthā Commentary his verses are attributed to two different theras: Jambugāmiya (ThagA.ii.86f) and Somamitta (ThagA.ii.268).
  • Kimsukavatthu. A village in Rohana. Here the forces of Rakkha and Bhūta fought a fierce battle against their enemies. Cv.lxxiv.75f
  • Kimsukopama Jātaka (No.248)
  • Kimsukopama Sutta. Mentioned in the Kimsukopama Jātaka (J.ii.265); evidently the same as the Kimsukā Sutta.
  • Kińchanda Jātaka (No.511)
  • Kińcikkha Sutta. See Āmisakińcikkha Sutta.
  • Kińcisanghā. Daughter of Kākavannatissa's minister Sangha.
  • Kindada Sutta. Records part of a conversation between a deva and the Buddha at Jetavana. The deva asks what one should give in order to obtain certain results, such as strength, beauty, etc. - the Buddha explains. S. i.32.
  • Kińjaka. See Gińjaka ??.
  • Kińjakesara (v.l. Kińcakesara). Sixty-eight kappas ago there were four kings of this name, all previous births of Bimbijāliya Thera. Ap.i.225.
  • Kinkinikapupphiya Thera
  • Kinnara Jātaka = Bhattātiya Jātaka. Found on the Bhīlsa Tope under this name, evidently to distinguish it from the Candakinnara Jātaka. See Cunningham: Bhilsa Tope, Pl.27.
  • Kinnarā. Wife of Kandari, king of Benares. See Kandarī Jātaka.
  • Kinnughandu. One of the great Yakkhas, mentioned in the Ātānātiya Sutta, to be invoked when disciples of the Buddha are worried by evil spirits (D.iii.204). He is one of the vassals of the Four Regent Gods (D.ii.258).
  • Kinti Sutta
  • Kipillikā. See Kimikāla.
  • Kirapatika
  • Kirāta. Probably the name given to a tribe of jungle men. Their language is classed with those of the Ottas, the Andhakas, the Yonakas and the Tamils, as a language of the Milakkhas (non-Aryans). E.g., DA.i.176; VibhA.388; see also Zimmer: Altind. Leben 34.
  • Kirāti. A locality in Ceylon, near Alisāra. There Māyāgeha once captured a fortification (Cv.lxx.165). Kirāti may be the name of a tiny river. See Cv.Trs.i.301, n.1.
  • Kirāvāpi. A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.47); the modern Kiraveva. Cv.Trs.i.280, n.5.
  • Kirindagāma. A village in Rohana. Cv.lxxiv.97; for its identification see Cv.Trs.ii.30, n.5.
  • Kiriya Sutta. The three ways (dāna, sīla, bhāvanā) of acquiring merit, considered in the eight different results produced according as the one or the other is practised, in small measure or great. A.iv.241f
  • Kisāgotamī
  • Kisāgotamī Vatthu
  • Kisalayapūjaka Thera
  • Kisasankicca
  • Kisa-Vaccha
  • Kitāgiri (v.l. Kītāgiri)
  • Kitāgiri Sutta
  • Kitava. King of Benares. His son became known in this Buddha-age as Kundinagariya Thera (PvA.177f; 263f). From the Petavatthu (iv.7) Kitava would appear to be the king, not of Benares but of Rājagaha (Giribbaja).
  • Kitavāsa
  • Kittā. See Kitti (12).
  • Kittaggabodhi
  • Kittaggabodhipabbata. A tank restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.49.
  • Kittakandaka. A tank restored by Gajabāhu. Cv.lxviii.45.
  • Kitti
  • Kittigāma. A village in Ceylon, near Kotapabbata. It was the birthplace of Theraputtābhaya, one of Dutthagāmani's chief warriors. Mhv.xxiii.55.
  • Kittinissanka
  • Kittinissanka-vihāra. A monastery built by Kittinissanka and adorned with one hundred pāsādas. He made endowments for its maintenance. Cv.lxxx.21.
  • Kittirājavālukagāma. A village in Rohana. A battle was fought there during the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxv.17.
  • Kittisena. Son and successor of Kumāradhātusena. He reigned only for nine months and was killed by his mother's brother, Sīva (Cv.xli.4).
  • Kittisīhasūra. An important officer of state in Burma who, in 1531, wrote a Samvannanā on the Abhidhānappadīpikā. Bode: op. cit., p.67.
  • Kittisirimegha
  • Kittisirirājasīha. King of Ceylon (1767-1782 A.C.). For details of his reign see Cv.xcix. and e.
  • Koccha. See Pingalakoccha.
  • Kocchagalla. A Sāmanera who went from Ceylon to Amarapura in 1662 of the Kaliyuga era. Sās.135.
  • Koddhangulikedāra. A place near Nālanda in Ceylon, mentioned in the account of Parakkamabāhu I campaigns against Gajabāhu. Cv.lxx.221.
  • Kodha Vagga/Sutta
  • Kodhabhakkha. A Rapāvacara Brahmā, who came to test Sakka's patience and sat on his throne. SA.i.272.
  • Kodhana Sutta
  • Kohāla. A tank in Ceylon, built by Vasabha (Mhv.Xxxv.95). It was near Mahā-Titthapattana (MT.653).
  • Kohombagāma. A village near Pulatthipura, where a battle took place between the forces of Gajabāhu and those of Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxx.320).
  • Koka
  • Kokā. A palace occupied by Siddattha Buddha in his last lay-life. Bu.xvii.14.
  • Kokāli. The name of a country, a town and a setthi, all connected with Kokālika. See Kokālika 2. SnA.473; J. iv.242.
  • Kokālika (Kokāliya)
  • Kokālika (Kokāliya) Sutta
  • Kokālika Jātaka (No.331)
  • Kokanada
  • Kokanadā
  • Kokanuda (Kokanada)
  • Kokanuda Sutta. The conversation between Ananda and Kokanuda.
  • Kokavāta. A district in Ceylon. Mahāsena built there a great vihāra and constructed a tank. Mhv.xxxvii.42, 47.
  • Kokila Vagga. The fourth section of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. iii.102-32.
  • Kokilā. Daughter of Ekarāja and sister of Candakumāra. J.vi.134.
  • Kola, Kolanagara. See Koliya.
  • Kola. See Kolika.
  • Kolabhinna. A river in Ceylon, near Subhagiri (Yapahu). Cv.xc.11.
  • Koladāyaka Thera. An arahant. He was a hermit in the time of Sikhī Buddha, and, seeing the Buddha alone, gave him a kola (jujube)fruit (Ap.ii.397). He is probably identical with Gayā Kassapa. ThagA.i.417.
  • Koladdhajana. An ancient work, a Commentary (probably in Sanskrit?); it was written by a certain minister at the request of the Elder Pāsādika (Gv., p.63, 73).
  • Kolakā. Mentioned in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.
  • Kolambagāmaka. A tank built by King Vasabha. Mhv.xxxv.94.
  • Kolambahālaka
  • Kolambapura. The same as Kolambatittha. Cv.ci.27.
  • Kolambatittha. The Pāli equivalent for the modern city of Colombo. Cv.xciv.1; xcv.4, 15.
  • Kolańńa, also called Samana-Kolańńa. A cakkavatti, king of Kālinga. He travelled through the air, mounted on his state elephant, but he could not pass over the Bodhi-tree. Mil.256; cp. J. iv.232, which evidently refers to him, though the name is not given.
  • Kolapattana. A harbour mentioned in the Milindapańha (p.359); it was perhaps on the Koromandel coast. Questions of King Milinda, xliv.
  • Kolavāpi. A tank dedicated by Silāmeghavanna to the stone image in the Abhayagiri Vihāra. Cv.xliv.69.
  • Kolika, Kolita. See Mahāmoggallāna.
  • Kolita Sutta. Mahāmoggallāna tells the monks at Jetavana how, when he had entered the Second Jhāna, in his effort to attain to the "Ariyan Silence," the Buddha appeared to him and exhorted him to persist in it (S.ii.273).
  • Kolita Vihāra. A monastery, probably in Ceylon; the residence of Catunikāyika Thera. AA.i.343.
  • Kolitagāma
  • Koliyā
  • Koliyadhītā, Koliyarājadhītā. See Suppavāsā.
  • Koliyaputta. An epithet of Kakudha, Moggallāna's attendant. Vin ii.185; UdA.ii.8.
  • Koliyavessa. See Sona Kolivisa.
  • Kolūru. A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.130.
  • Koluvukkotta. A stronghold in South India, once occupied by Pandiyāndāra. Cv.lxxvi.170, 172.
  • Koluvura. A village in South India. Cv.lxxvi.129.
  • Komārabhacca (Komārabhanda).See Jīvaka.
  • Komāyaputta Jātaka (No.299)
  • Komāyaputta. A brahmin; see Komāyaputta Jātaka.
  • Komba. Chief of the umbrella-bearers of Gajabāhu. He had a fortress in Mallavālāna from which he was dislodged by the Malayarāyara of Vālikākhetta. Later he fought a naval battle in Muttākara. Cv.lxx.60f.
  • Komudī
  • Konāgamana (Konāgamana)
  • Konāgamana Sutta. The thoughts that came to Konāgamana before his Enlightenment, regarding birth, decay and death. S.ii.9.
  • Końca
  • Końcā. One of the palaces occupied by Dīpankara Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.ii.208.
  • Kondā. See Gondā.
  • Kondadhāna. See Kundadhāna.
  • Kondańńa
  • Kondańńa Sutta
  • Kondivāsa. A district in Ceylon. Cv.l.30.
  • Konduruva. A locality in Ceylon, where Mānābharana (2) once took refuge. Cv.lxxii.231; see Cv.Trs.i.340, n.5.
  • Kongamangala. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.80.
  • Kongu. The name of two districts in South India (Cv.lxxvi.173). Elsewhere (Cv.lxxvi.288) they are spoken of as Tenkongu and Vadakongu.
  • Kontadisāvijaya. A general of Manābharana (q.v. 2).  Cv.lxx.293; see Cv.Trs.i.311, n.1.
  • Kontaratthapabbata Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, the residence of Mahānāga Thera. When Kākavannatissa heard from a crow of the monk's death he went there and held great celebrations. Ras.ii.64.
  • Kontimārā
  • Kontiputta. See Tissa-kontiputta.
  • Korabya, Koravya, Korabba
  • Korabya. One of Kālāsoka's ten sons.
  • Korakalamba (Korakalambaka).Younger brother of Kapila, the chaplain of Apacara. See Kapila (2). J. iii.454f.
  • Korakkhatta (Korakkhattiya)
  • Korandaka Vihāra
  • Korandapupphiya Thera
  • Korandavanna. One of the ten sons of Kālāsoka.
  • Koratiya. One of the greater Yakkhas who should be invoked by a follower of the Buddha when assailed by evil spirits. D.iii.204.
  • Koravyasettha. A title used for Sutasoma. J. v.479.
  • Kosala
  • Kosala Samyutta. The third section of the Samyutta Nikāya (S.i.68-102). It contains discourses connected with Pasenadi Kosala.
  • Kosala Sutta
  • Kosalā. See Kosala.
  • Kosalabimbavannanā. A book containing an account of an image built by Pasenadi, king of Kosala, and of the merit of building images. The work was probably written about the thirteenth or fourteenth century. Quotations from it are given in the Saddhammasangaha.
  • Kosala-devī
  • Kosalakā. The inhabitants of Kosala. D.i.150.
  • Kosalanagara. See Sāvatthi.
  • Kosalarājā. See Pasenadi.
  • Kosalarańńo-parājaya Vatthu. The story of Pasenadi and of his great discomfiture and disgust on being defeated three times by Ajātasattu. DhA.iii.259f.
  • Kosalavihārī Thera
  • Kosambaka
  • Kosambaka Sutta. See Kosambiya Sutta.
  • Kosambaka Vatthu. The, story of the quarrelsome monks of Kosambī. DhA.i.44ff
  • Kosambakā. The monks of Kosambī (q.v.), who brought about schism in the Order.
  • Kosambakkhandha. The tenth section of the Mahāvagga of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.i.334-59.
  • Kosambakuti. One of the residences at Jetavana occupied by the Buddha. SnA.ii.403.
  • Kosambī
  • Kosambī Jātaka (No.428)
  • Kosambī Sutta
  • Kosambika. Name of a king of Kosambī. See also Kosambaka above. J. iv.56.
  • Kosambika-setthi
  • Kosambivāsī-Tissa. See Tissa.
  • Kosambiya (Kosambaka) Sutta
  • Kosika, Kosiya
  • Kosikī. A river, probably a branch of the Ganges. It flowed from Himavā, and on its bank was a mango-grove three leagues in extent. J. v.2, 5, 6.
  • Kosinārakā. Inhabitants of Kusinārā. E.g., Vin.i.247; AA.ii.637.
  • Kosiya Jātaka (No.130, 226, 470)
  • Kosiya Vagga 1. The second chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. ii.321-54.
  • Kosiya Vagga 2. The second section of the Nissaggiya of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.iii.224-42; v.10f.
  • Kosiya, Kosiyagotta
  • Kosiyā. The wicked wife of the Kosiya Jātaka 1.
  • Kosiyagotta. An arahant. He is mentioned in a list of theras who handed down the Abhidhamma up to the Third Council. DhsA., p.32.
  • Kosiyāyana. A brahmin of Kāsi, his wife being called Kosiyāyani. Their story is given in the Rādha Jātaka. J. i.495f.
  • Kosumbaphaliya Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he saw the Buddha Sikhī and gave him a kosumba-fruit (Ap.ii.449). He is evidently identical with Usabha Thera (ThagA.ii.320).
  • Kota. A Tamil general in charge of the fortification at Kotanagara, which was captured by Dutthagāmanī in his campaign against the Tamils. Mhv.xxv.13.
  • Kotagerukapāsāda. A building attached to the Cittalapabbata-vihāra. Bhāgineyya-Sangharakkhita once lived there, and, during his illness, eight thousand arahants and Sakka, with the devas of the two deva-worlds, waited on him. MT.552.
  • Kotalavāpigāma. A village in Ceylon. A story is told of how the wife of the chief householder in the village was put in bonds by the king's tax-gatherers, under the contact that she was a serving-woman. v.l. Kālavāpigāma. VibhA.441.
  • Kotalla. Evidently the Pāli equivalent of Kautilya. He is mentioned in the Cūlavamsa as the author of a work on politics (Cv.lxiv.3) and also of a work on methods of warfare. Cv.lxx.56; see also Cv.Trs.i.243 n.1 and 291, n.3.
  • Kotamalaya
  • Kotapabbata (Kotipabbata)
  • Kotigāma
  • Kotigāma Vagga. The third chapter of the Sacca Samyutta of the Samyutta Nikāya (S.v.431-7). The first sutta was preached at Kotigāma.
  • Kotipabbata. See Kotapabbata.
  • Kotipassāva. A monastery built by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.46). If it be identical with Kotipassāvana (q.v.), it was merely restored by Dhātusena.
  • Kotipassāvana. A monastery erected by Mahānāma (Cv.xxxvii.212). It is probably the same as Kotipassāva.
  • Kotisanthāra
  • Kotisimbali Jātaka (No.412)
  • Kotisimbali-Niraya. A Niraya where those guilty of misdemeanours, such as adultery, are born. J. v.275.
  • Kottamālaka. See Kuntamālaka.
  • Kottanāga-pabbata (v.1. for Tobbalanāga-pabbata). MT.657.
  • Kottapattana. A ford in Ceylon. Ras.ii.124.
  • Kottha(Kotthi)-vāta. A district in Ceylon in which were the villages of Piyangalla (Mhv.Xxx.29) and Devatissa. Cv.xlviii.2.
  • Kottha. The drum of Narasīha, which he gave to Mānavamma in order that the latter might induce the people to accompany him in the ships. When they heard the drum they thought it was beaten by Narasīha and forthwith went on board. Cv.x1vii.51.
  • Kotthabhadda. A great causeway on the river Jaggarā. It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.1xviii.16). It was so called because the land on either side of it became, as a result of its construction, studded with granaries full of untrussed rice (abaddhavīhi). Cv.1xviii.31.
  • Kotthāgāma. A wealthy village given by Udaya I. (?) to the temple of the Vaddhamāna Bodhi-tree. Cv.xlix.16.
  • Kotthamalaya. See Kotamalaya.
  • Kotthasāla. A village in Ceylon, probably the same as Kotthasāra. Ras.ii.24.
  • Kotthasāra
  • Kotthita (Kotthika).See Mahā Kotthita.
  • Kotthita Sutta
  • Kotthumala. A hill in the Māyārattha in Ceylon. The Almsbowl and the Tooth Relic of the Buddha were once buried there by Vācissara as a protection from enemies. Later, Vijayabāhu III. had them removed to Jambuddoni. Cv.lxxxi.18ff; see also Cv. Trs.ii.137, n.1.
  • Kotūhalaka. A poor man of Addilarattha, a previous birth of Ghosakasetthi (q.v.). His wife was Kāli and his son Kāpi. DA.i.317; MA.ii.539; DhA.i.169; the DhA. says he was of Ajitarattha.
  • Kotumbara. A country celebrated for the excellence of its cloth. v.l. Kodumbara. J. vi.51 (also 47), 500, 501; Mil.2, 331.
  • Kotumbariya Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he gave to Sikkhī Buddha seven flowers wrapped in kotumbara-cloth. Twenty kappas ago he was a king named Mahānela. v.l. Kotumbariya. Ap.i.192.
  • Kovariyaputta. See Lāludāyī.
  • Kovilāragāma. A village in Ceylon where a battle took place between Mahinda II. and the three Ādipādas who had risen against him. Mahinda was victorious. Cv.xlvi.121.
  • Kubbikāla. See Kupikala.
  • Kubbugāma. See Kumbugāma.
  • Kubera. See Kuvera.
  • Kubukandanadī. A river in Ceylon. On its banks was the Samudda-vihāra (Mhv.Xxxiv.90).
  • Kubūlagalla. A locality in Rohana. It was one of the strongholds captured by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lviii.36.
  • Kuddadhāna. See Kundadhāna.
  • Kuddāla (Kuddālaka)-pandita
  • Kuddāla Jātaka (No.70)
  • Kuddālamandala. A village in Rohana. Here a battle took place between the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. and his enemies (Cv.lxxv.16).
  • Kuddarajja. Probably a district in Rohana. See also Mahāvāpi Vihāva.
  • Kuddavātakapāsāna. A rock in Pāsānatittha (q.v.).
  • Kuha Sutta. Monks who are cheats, stubborn and uncontrolled, are no followers of the Buddha. A.ii.26; found also in It.113, cf. Thag.959.
  • Kuhaka Jātaka (No.89)
  • Kuhaka Sutta. Five qualities, such as deceitfulness, which make a monk disagreeable to his fellow monks. A.iii.111f.
  • Kuhakābrāhmana Vatthu
  • Kujjatissa Thera
  • Kukku Jātaka (No.396)
  • Kukku Vagga. The first section of the Sutta Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. iii.317-63.
  • Kukkuha. See Kukkuta (2).
  • Kukkula
  • Kukkula Sutta. The Ariyan disciple feels aversion from body, feeling, etc., because he knows that they are a mass of glowing embers. S. iii.177.
  • Kukkula Vagga. The fourteenth chapter of the Khandha Samyutta. S. iii.177-80.
  • Kukkura Jātaka (No 22)
  • Kukkura. A rock near Himavā. The Buddha Vipassī once visited it, and Pupphathūpiya lived there in a previous birth (Ap.i.158).
  • Kukkuravatika Sutta
  • Kukkurovāda. See Kukkura Jātaka (1).
  • Kukkuta
  • Kukkuta Jātaka (No.383, 448)
  • Kukkutagiri. A place in Ceylon. Buddhaghosa says (SA.iii.50) that it was so called because it was there that Saddhātissa’s attendant, Tissa (see Tissa 43), refused to kill some pheasants and set them free at the risk of losing his own life.
  • Kukkutagiri-parivena
  • Kukkutamitta
  • Kukkutandakhādikā Vatthu
  • Kukkutārāma
  • Kukkutārāma Sutta. Three suttas which contain discussions between Ananda and Bhadda, at the Kukkutārāma in Pātaliputta, regarding the righteous life (S.v.15f).
  • Kukkutasūkara Sutta. Few abstain from accepting fowls and swine, many do not. S. v.472.
  • Kukkutavatī
  • Kukkutika. See Gokulika.
  • Kukkuttha. See Kakudha (5).
  • Kukkutthā. See Kakutthā.
  • Kukutthā. A river; see Kakutthā.
  • Kula Sutta
  • Kula Thera. See Kundala.
  • Kulaghara. See Kuraraghara.
  • Kulagharanī Sutta. See Ogālha Sutta.
  • Kulālitissa. A monastery in Ceylon. Over the thūpa in the monastery King Vohārika-Tissa erected a parasol. Mhv.xxxvi.33.
  • Kulanta-vāpi (Kulattha-vāpi). A tank to the south of Anurādhapura. In the battle between the forces of Dutthagāmanī and Elāra the water in the tank was dyed red with blood of the slain, hence the name. Mhv.xxv.66.
  • Kulaputta Sutta. Clansmen who go forth into homelessness do so in order to gain full comprehension of the Four Noble Truths. This is true for all time. S. v.415.
  • Kulaputtena-dukkhā Sutta. Three suttas. A clansman who goes forth should live (1) in aversion from body etc., or (2) seeing impermanence in them, or (3) seeing no soul in them. S.iii.179.
  • Kulasekhara
  • Kulavaddhaka. Given as a name used ironically to insult another. Vin.iv.8.
  • Kulavaddhana. A rich merchant of Sudassana (Benares) who tried to stop his king, Sutasoma, from renouncing the world by offering him all his wealth. He is identified with (Mahā?) Kassapa. J. v.185, 192.
  • Kulāvaka Jātaka (No.31)
  • Kulāvaka Sutta. The story of Sakka's flight from the Asuras. When he saw the Garulas crushed under his chariot wheels, he asked his driver, Mātali, to turn back and risk death at the hands of the Asuras. But the Asuras fled (S.i.224). cp. Kulāvaka Jātaka.
  • Kulāvaka Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. i.198-234.
  • Kulinga. The name of a clan, probably Sinhalese. Mahinda VI. belonged to this clan (Cv.lxxx.15). The Kulingas were among the tribes sent to Ceylon by Asoka with the Bodhi-tree. Mhv.Xix.2; see also Mhv. Trs.128, n.2, and Cv.Trs.i.29, n.2, and ii.126, n.5.
  • Kulla Thera
  • Kulumba Sutta
  • Kulumbari-kannikā. A district in Ceylon; the birthplace of Mahā Sona (Mhv.Xxiii.45). According to the Mahāvamsa Commentary it was in Rohana. MT.45.
  • Kulupaka Sutta
  • Kumā
  • Kumāputta. See Nanda Kumāputta. Mhv.v.212.
  • Kumāputtasahāya. See Sudatta (11).
  • Kumāra 1.Father of Bhārana. He lived in Kappakandara. Mhv.Xxiii.64.
  • Kumāra 2.Name of the god Skanda. He rode on a peacock. It is said that Kumāra gave a boon to Mānavamma. Cv.lvii.7, 10; see also Hopkins: Epic Mythology, p.227.
  • Kumāra Sutta
  • Kumāradhātusena (Kumāradāsa). Son of Moggallāna I, and king of Ceylon (513-522 A.C.). His son was Kittisena (Cv.xli.1f). Tradition tells of his friendship with a poet Kālidisa. The authorship of the Jānakīharana is generally ascribed to him (Cv.Trs.i.51, n.1).
  • Kumāra-Kassapa
  • Kumāra-Kassapa-thera Vatthu. The story of Kumāra-Kassapa (q.v.) and his mother. DhA.iii.144ff.
  • Kumārapabba. The section of the Vessantara Jātaka which deals with the giving away of Vessantara's children to Jūjaka. J. vi.555.
  • Kumārapańha
  • Kumārapeta Vatthu
  • Kumārasena. Brother of Dhātusena. He helped Dhātusena to crush the Tamils, and was amply rewarded for his services. Cv.xxxviii.35, 53.
  • Kumārasīha. Son of Vimaladhammasūriya; he was adopted by King Senāratana and given the province of Uva. He died young. Cv.xcv.22; also Cv.Trs.ii.233, n.3.
  • Kumāribhūta Vagga. The eighth section of the Bhikkhunī Pācittiya. Vin.iv.327-37.
  • Kumārīpańhā
  • Kumāriya Sutta. Few abstain from accepting women or girls, many do not. S. v.471.
  • Kumba. See Kumbagāma.
  • Kumbagāma. A Tamil stronghold near Anurādhapura, which was captured by Dutthagāmani. It was commanded by Kumba (Mhv.Xxv.14).
  • Kumbālaka. One of the. tanks built by Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.48.
  • Kumbalatissa-pabbata. A mountain in Ceylon. Ras.ii.189.
  • Kumbalavāta. A locality near Anurādhapura; through it passed the boundary of the Mahāvihāra (Mhv. p.332; Mbv.134; Dpv.xiv.38).
  • Kumbha Jātaka (No.512)
  • Kumbha Sutta
  • Kumbha Vagga. The fifth chapter of the Tika Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. ii.431-51.
  • Kumbhaghosaka
  • Kumbhakanna
  • Kumbhakāra Jātaka (No.408)
  • Kumbhanda
  • Kumbhandā. A class of beings (fairies or gnomes) grouped with Yakkhas, Rakkhasas, Asuras and others. Virūlha is their king. They have large bellies (kumbhanda = gourd), and their genitals are also large like pots (kumbho viya), hence their name. D.iii.198; DA.iii.964.
  • Kumbhapura. The residence of Kisavaccha (MA.ii.599); it is evidently another name for Kumbhavatī (q.v.).
  • Kumbhavatī. A city in the kingdom of King Dandaki. Kisavaccha lived in the park near there. J. iii.463; v.29, 134.
  • Kumbhigallaka. A monastery in Ceylon. Vasabha built an uposatha-house there. Mhv..xxxv.86.
  • Kumbhīla Jātaka (No.206).Evidently another version of the Vānarinda Jātaka, though the scholiast refers to another Kumbhīla Jātaka for particulars (thus in all MSS). J. ii.206.
  • Kumbhīla Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon. Ras.ii.111.
  • Kumbhīlasobbha. A tank restored by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.50), and later by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.33.
  • Kumbhīlavānaka. A river in Ceylon which joins the Sankhavaddhamānaka. Cv.lxviii.32; see also Cv.Trs.i.279, n.4.
  • Kumbhīra
  • Kumbiyangana. See Kutumbiyangana.
  • Kumbugāma (v.l. Kubbugāma). A village in Rohana. It is mentioned in the campaigns of Damilādhakārī Rakkha (Cv.lxxv.149, 167, 172).
  • Kumbulapabbata. A mountain in Ceylon. Ariyagālatissa found sixty treasure troves there. Ras.ii.137.
  • Kumma Sutta
  • Kummāsadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas ago, having nothing else to give, he put sour gruel into the bowl of Vipassī Buddha (Ap.ii.415). He is evidently identical with Sīvaka Thera. ThagA.i.307.
  • Kummāsapinda Jātaka (No.416)
  • Kumuda
  • Kumudadāyaka Thera
  • Kumudamāliya Thera
  • Kunāla
  • Kunāla Jātaka (No.536)
  • Kunālā. The name of a river (mahānadī) which flows out of the Kunāladaha. It dries up when, at the end of the kappa, the fourth sun rises. A.iv.101.
  • Kunappunallura. A market town in South India in the district of Viraganga (Cv.lxxvi.131).
  • Kuńcanāga, Kuńjanāga
  • Kunda. A yakkha who once inhabited a forest, called Kundadhāna (UdA.122) after him.
  • Kundadhāna Thera
  • Kundadhānavana
  • Kundakakucchisindhava Jātaka (No.254)
  • Kundaka-kumāra. The lay name of the ascetic Khantivādī. J. iii.39.
  • Kundakapūva Jātaka (No.109)
  • Kundakasindhavapotaka Jātaka. See Kundakakucchisindhava Jātaka.
  • Kundalā
  • Kundala (v.l. Kulakundala) Thera
  • Kundalakesā, Kundalakesī. See Bhaddā Kundalakesī.
  • Kundalakesittheri Vatthu. The story of Bhaddā Kundalakesī (q.v.). DhA.ii.217ff.
  • Kundalī
  • Kundalī Sutta. Records the visit of Kundaliya to the Buddha. S.v.73ff.
  • Kundalinī. The name given to the offspring of the sārikā(myna)-bird in the Tesakuna Jātaka. She is identified with Uppalavannā. J. v.125.
  • Kundalinī-pańha. The questions asked by the king and the answers given by Kundalinī, as stated in the Tesakuna Jātaka. J. v.120.
  • Kundaliya
  • Kundarāyana. See Kandarāyana.
  • Kundasālā. A suburb of Sirivaddhanapura (Kandy), on the banks of the Mahāvāluka-gangā. It was laid out by King Narindasīha, who made it his favourite residence (Cv.xcvii.34). Kittisirirājasīha planned its garden and erected a vihāra. Cv.c.216f.
  • Kundavana. See Gundāvana.
  • Kundayamutta. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara. He was defeated in battle by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.94, 177.
  • Kundayankotta (?). A locality in South India, where Lankāpura once pitched his camp (Cv.lxxvi.176).
  • Kundi, Kundiya
  • Kundinagariya Thera. The name given to Potthapāda because he was born and brought up in Kundi. He lived in the Sānavāsīpabbata nearby. Pv.iii.2; PvA.177ff.
  • Kunditthāna. See Kundadhāna.
  • Kundiyā. See Kundadhānavana.
  • Kundukāla
  • Kunhāna. See Kundadhāna.
  • Kuńjara 1.Devānampiyatissa's elephant, tied to the plough which marked the sīmā of the Mahāvihāra. Dpv. xiv.28; Mbv.134; see also Mhv., p.331.
  • Kuńjara 2.One of the chief lay patrons of Revata Buddha. Bu.vi.23.
  • Kuńjarahinaka. A monastery built by Lańjatissa. Mhv.xxxiii.27.
  • Kunta. A throne (for an image) which was originally in the Pācina-vihāra of the Theravādins, and was later set up beside the Bodhi-tree of the Abhayagiri-vihāra by Silākāla (Cv.xli.31).
  • Kuntamālaka. A locality near Anurādhapura through which passed the boundary of the Mahā-vihāra. It was the point from which the king started to mark the sīmā. v.l. Kotthamālaka. (Mhv., p.331; Mbv.134; Dpv. xiv.28, 33).
  • Kuntani Jātaka (No.343)
  • Kuntavarā. The soldiers of a district in South India who fought against the Sinhalese force that invaded their territory (Cv.lxxvi.246). They were subdued by the Kesa-dhātu Kitti (Cv.lxxvi.259).
  • Kuntī. A kinnarī, mother of the theras Tissa and Sumitta. Their father was a former inhabitant of Pātaliputta.
  • Kupikkala. The birthplace of the Elder Mahā-Tissa. v.l. Kuvikkala, Kubbikāla, Kutthikula. Mhv.Xxxiii.49.
  • Kuppa Sutta. The monk who has the four patisambhidā and has an emancipated mind realises that which is unshakable (akuppa). A.iii.119f.
  • Kupuvena. A village and a monastery. The story of a sāmanera of the monastery, as given in the Majjhima Commentary (MA.ii.700), is similar, except in regard to the names, to the story given under Kabupelanda (q.v.).
  • Kurandaka
  • Kurangavī
  • Kuraragham-Papāta-pabbata. See Papāta-pabbata.
  • Kuraraghara
  • Kuraragharikā. See Kālī (2).
  • Kuraraghariya-Sona. The name by which Sona Kutikanna is some-times referred to. E.g., J. vi.15.
  • Kuravakagalla. A place in Rohana where Damilādhikārī Rakkha defeated his enemies. Cv.lxxv.137.
  • Kureńjiyaphaladāyaka (Kuruńjiya°) Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas ago he was a hunter, and having seen the Buddha Sikhī in the forest, he gave him a kureńjiya-fruit (Ap.ii.448f). He is evidently identical with Sona-Setthiputta Thera (ThagA.ii.316f).
  • Kuru
  • Kurudeva. A poor man, who lived in Vattura Vihāra, eating large quantities of food and doing no work. Listening to the advice of a monk, he took the five precepts and fed fishes with a part of his meal. He was later born as Mahānela.
  • Kurudhamma = the pańcasīla
  • Kurudhamma Jātaka (No.276)
  • Kurukaccha. Probably a wrong reading for Bhārukaccha.
  • Kurukhetta. Another name for the country of the Kurūs. J. vi.291.
  • Kurumba. A Tamil chief, subdued by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvii.14f.
  • Kurumbāndanakali. A locality in South India, where a great battle was fought between Lankāpura and Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi.157).
  • Kurundacullaka. A parivena in the Jetavana-vihāra in Ceylon, the residence of Dāthāvedhaka. MT.176.
  • Kurundankundiya. A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.236, 266.
  • Kurundapillaka. A monastery in Ceylon. Potthakuttha erected a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21).
  • Kurundavāpi. A tank built by Aggabodhi I. (Cv.xlii.15; Cv.Trs.i.66, n.6).
  • Kurundavāsoka-Vihāra. A monastery built by Khallātanāga (Mhv.Xxxiii.32).
  • Kurundavelu. A vihāra in Ceylon, where was compiled the Kurundī-Atthakathā.
  • Kurunda-Vihāra. A monastery built by Aggabodhi I. and dedicated to all three fraternities (Cv.xlii.15).
  • Kurundī. A village in Ceylon. Cv.lxxxiii.16; lxxxviii.64; Cv.Trs.ii.149, n.9.
  • Kurundī-Atthakathā
  • Kurundīrattha. See Kurundī above.
  • Kurundiya-Vihāra. A monastery repaired by Vijayabāhu I. (Cv.lx.60); probably identical with Kurunda-Vihāra.
  • Kurungamiga Jātaka (No.21, 206)
  • Kurungamiga Vagga. The third section of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. i.173-98.
  • Kuruvaka-tittha. A secluded bathing-place in a large pond near the Cittalapabbata-vihāra (MA.ii.1025).
  • Kusa
  • Kusa Jātaka (No.531)
  • Kusaghara. A city (?). The Buddha's lower robe (nivāsana) was deposited there after his death. Bu.xxviii.8.
  • Kusalā Sutta 1.Conditions which are on the side of goodness have their root in earnestness (appamāda); the earnest monk cultivates the seven bojjhangas. S. v.91.
  • Kusalā Sutta 2. Similar to No.1. The conditions have their root in yoniso-manasikāra. S. v.92.
  • Kusalarāsi Sutta 1. The five hindrances (nivarana) could rightly be called a heap of demerit and the five satipatthānas a heap of merit. S. v.145.
  • Kusalarāsi Sutta 2. The four satipatthānas could rightly be called a heap of merit. S. v.186.
  • Kusamāli. One of the seas through which the mariner Suppāraka (q.v.) piloted his ship. It was full of emeralds and looked like an expanse of dark kusa-grass. Its full name was Nīlavanna Kusamāla. J. iv.140.
  • Kusamba (Kusumba). A sage (isi), on the site of whose hermitage was built the city which came, for that reason, to be called Kosambī. SnA.i.300; MA.ii.539; UdA.248; PsA.413; see also Rāmāyana i.34.
  • Kusanāli Jātaka (No.121)
  • Kusanāli Vagga. The thirteenth chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. i.441-65.
  • Kusatthakadāyaka Thera. An arahant. In the time of Kassapa Buddha he was a brahmin and gave the Buddha kusatthaka (eight handfuls of kusa-grass?) (Ap.ii.416). He is evidently to be identified with Migasira Thera. ThagA.i.306.
  • Kusāvātī
  • Kusima. See Kusumī below.
  • Kusinārā
  • Kusinārā Sutta
  • Kusinārā Vagga. The thirteenth chapter of the Tīkā Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.i.274-84; for a summary of its contents see A.v.381.
  • Kusinārā Vihāra. A monastery built by Parakkamabāhu I. in a suburb of Pulatthipura, called Sīhapura. It consisted of three image houses, each containing three storeys, six pāsādas, etc. Cv.lxxiii.152; lxxviii.84; also Cv.Trs.ii.18, n.3.
  • Kusinātā. One of the cities of Uttarakuru (D.iii.200).
  • Kusīta Sutta 1. A woman who is faithless, shameless, unscrupulous, indolent and of weak wisdom is reborn in purgatory. S.iv.242.
  • Kusīta Sutta 2.Eight occasions on which a monk is apt to become indolent (A.iv.332f).
  • Kusumamūlagāma. A village near Padumanagara, residence of the Thera Dhammadhara. (Sās.163)
  • Kusumanagara. The Pāli name for the city now known as Bassein, in Burma ( Bode, op. cit., 24). Near the city was the birthplace of Chapata. Sās.74; see also pp.41, 43, 147; Ind. Ant. 1893, xxi.17.
  • Kusumapura. See Pātaliputta.
  • Kusumārāma. Another name for Pupphārāma. (Cv. ci.7)
  • Kusumāsaniya Thera
  • Kusumī. A seaport in Rāmańńa where a part of the Sinhalese expeditionary force sent by Parakkamabāhu I. landed in five ships (Cv.lxxvi.59). It is probably the same as Kusumatittha mentioned in the Sāsanavamsa (E.g., pp.66, 90) as a seaport. v.l. Kusima.
  • Kūta Sutta
  • Kūtadanta
  • Kūtadanta Sutta
  • Kūtāgārasālā
  • Kutajapupphiya Thera
  • Kutakannatissa (Kutikannatissa)
  • Kūtāli Vihāra. A monastery in Rohana, founded by Kākavannatissa (Mhv.Xxii.23). There Malaya-Deva Thera once preached the Cha-Cakka Sutta, and sixty monks who listened to him became arahants (MA.ii.1024). This may be identical with the Kutelitissa Vihāra (q.v.).
  • Kūtatissa Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon. Sena II gave to it a maintenance village. Cv.li.74. In the pillar inscription of Mahinda IV. in Polonnaruva it is mentioned as the Kututisa-rad-maha-veher (Ep. Zey.ii.50).
  • Kūtavānija Jātaka (No. 98, 218)
  • Kūtavinicchayaka-peta
  • Kutelitissamahā-vihāra
  • Kutendu. A vassal of the Cātummahārājikas, present at the preaching of the Mahā Samaya Sutta. D.ii.258.
  • Kuthārasabhā. Some sort of council chamber, probably attached to the Court in Ceylon. Kittisirimegha is mentioned as employing the services of the head of the sabhā to fetch the prince Parakkamabāhu from his retreat (Cv.lxvi.61).
  • Kuthāri-vihāra. A monastery in Ambatthakola used by Moggallāna I. as his headquarters in his campaign against Kassapa I. Cv.xxxix.21.
  • Kutidāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas ago he made a hut for a Buddha. Thirty-eight kappas ago he was king sixteen times under the name of Sabbattha-abhivassī. Ap.i.229.
  • Kutidhūpaka Thera. An arahant. In a past birth he looked after the cell of Siddhattha Buddha and burnt incense in it from time to time. Ap.i.223f.
  • Kutidūsaka Jātaka (No.321)
  • Kutidūsaka Vagga. The third chapter of the Catukka Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary. J. iii.71-102.
  • Kutivihārī Thera
  • Kuttāndāra. A Tamil chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara, defeated by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.182, 190.
  • Kuttapiti. A large village given by Kittisirirājasīha for the maintenance of the sacred Footprint in Samanakūta. Cv.c.225.
  • Kutthuka. The general of Sena II. He built the parivena, which was called Senasenāpati (Cv.li.88). See also Potthakuttha.
  • Kutūhalasālā Sutta
  • Kutumbariya
  • Kutumbiya Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon. It was once the residence of Tissamahānāga Thera (q.v.).
  • Kutumbiyangana. A village in Ceylon in the district of Giri. It was the birthplace of Velusumana. v.l. Kumbiyangana. Mhv.xxiii.68.
  • Kutumbiyaputta-Tissa
  • Kuvannā
  • Kuvera (Kubera)
  • Kuveradvāra. One of the fourteen gates of Pulatthipura, erected by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxiii.161.
  • Kuvera-nālinī. A name given to Dharanī. D.iii.202; DA.iii.968.
  • Kyānagāma. A village in the Malaya country, not far from Pulatthipura. Lankādhikāri Kitti once encamped there (Cv.lxx.283, 300; lxxii.207), and Parakkamabāhu I. went there disguised as a musician. Cv.lxxii.264.

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