- Kacangala. See Kajangala.
- Kācaragāma, Kājaragāma, Kātaragāma
- Kaccāna Peyyāla/Sutta
- Kaccānī 1. The old woman whose story is related in
the story of the past in the
- Kaccānī 2.See also Kātiyānī.
- Kaccāni Jātaka (No. 417)
- Kaccāni Vagga. The first section of the Atthaka Nipāta
of the Jātakattakathā.
- Kaccāyanagandha. One of the six books ascribed to
Mahā Kaccāyana (Gv.59);
it probably refers to the
- Kaccāyanavannanā. A commentary on Kaccāyana's grammar
by a thera of Ceylon, named Vijitāvī (Svd.1242).
It deals with the sections on Sandhikappa.
- Kaccāyanayoga. A name given to the aphorisms in
Bode, op. cit., p.21.
- Kacchapa Jātaka
(No. 178, 215, 273)
- Kacchapagiri. Another name, according to the Mahāvamsa
Tika (MT.652) for
the Issarasamana-vihāra. It is perhaps a variation of
- Kacchavāla. A monastery built for the Pamsukalikas
by Vajira, general of Dappula II.
- Kadalīpattagāma. A village in Rohana near the ford
called Nīlavalā, and close to the modern Mātara.
- Kadalīphaladāyaka Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas
ago he saw a Buddha and gave him a banana fruit (Ap.i.297).
He is probably identical with Cūlaka Thera (ThagA.ii.334).
- Kadalīpupphiya. See
- Kadalisālagāma. A village in Ceylon, the residence
of Vilasa (q.v.).
- Kadalīvāta. One of the Vanni kings of Ceylon, head
of the mercenary soldiers who were driven out of Ceylon by Bhuvanekabāhu
- Kadamba, Kadambaka
- Kadambagona. A vihāra built by Aggabodhi V. in Mahāthala,
and probably presented to the Pamsukūlins.
- Kadambapupphiya Thera
- Kaddamadaha. A lake, on
the bank of which was Vāranā,
where Mahā-Kaccāna once
stayed, and where he was visited by the brahmin
- Kaddūragāma. A village near Ālisāra; the village
entrenchment was captured by Māyāgeha, general of Parakkamabāhu
- Kadiliya. A Tamil chief who was defeated by the forces
of Parakkamabāhu I. at Kundayankotta.
- Kāhallivāpi. A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kājagallaka. A village in Ceylon, probably near modern
Kurunegala. An elephant-stable was there, from which Bhuvanekabāhu
I. took an elephant. Cv.xc.9.
- Kajangala (Kajangalā)
- Kāka Jātaka (No.140,
- Kāka Sutta. The wicked monk is like a crow in that
he possesses the same ten qualities: offensiveness, recklessness,
shamelessness, excessive greed, cruelty, gruesomeness, want
of strength, "earthyness" (? oravitā), bewilderment and meanness.
A.v.149; see also
- Kakacūpama Sutta
- Kākālaya. A village in Ceylon where there was a Tamil
stronghold captured by Parakkamabāhu II.
- Kākanda, Kākandī. The commentaries speak of Kākanda
as a sage of yore and mention him in the company of Savattha
and Kusumba. His residence later came to be called Kākandī.
SnA.i.300; cp. KhpA.110;
- Kākandaka. A brahmin, father of Yasa Thera, the latter
being generally referred to as Yasa Kākandakaputta (q.v.).
Mhv.iv.12, 49, 57,
etc.; Dpv. v.23;
- Kākaneru. One of the highest mountains in the world;
mentioned together with Mālāgiri, Himavā, Gijjha, Sudassana
and Nisabha. J. vi.204,
- Kākannādu. A district in South India subdued by the
forces of Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kakantaka Jātaka. The same as the
- Kakantaka Vagga. The fifteenth chapter of the Eka
Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā.
- Kākātī Jātaka (No.327)
- Kākātī. Chief queen of the Bodhisatta,
in one of his births as king of Benares. See
- Kākavaliya, Kākavalliya
- Kakkara Jātaka (No. 209)
- Kakkarapatta. A township of the Koliyans. It was
while the Buddha was staying there that the Koliyan Dīghajānu
came to see him. A.iv.281.
- Kakkāru Jātaka (No. 326)
- Kakkārupūjaka Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas
ago he was a deva and offered a kakkāru-flower to the Buddha
Sikhī. Nine kappas ago he was a king named Sattuttama (Ap.i.177).
He is evidently identical with Jenta Thera.
- Kakkārupupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-two kappas
ago he was a deva in the Yāma-world and, approaching the Pacceka
Buddha Gotama, offered him a kakkāru-flower. v.l. Kekkāru°.
- Kakkata Jātaka (No. 267)
- Kakkhalavitthi. A village given by Jetthatissa III.
for the maintenance of the Veluvana-vihāra (near Anurādhapura).
- Kakkola. A district in South India which supplied
soldiers to Kulasekhara.
- Kākola. A hell; beings born there are dragged about
by flocks of ravens, vultures and hawks, and eaten alive.
- Kakubandhagāma. A village in Rohana.
- Kakubandhakandara. A stream, near Pāsānavāpigāma.
- Kakudha Sutta
- Kakudha Vagga. The tenth chapter of the Pañcaka Nipāta
of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.iii.118-26.
- Kakusandha Sutta. To Kakusandha, as to the Buddha
before he was enlightened, came thoughts of the suffering in
the world and of how it could be stopped.
- Kakutthā (Kakutthā, Kukutthā)
- Kāla Sutta
- Kālabāhu Jātaka (No.329)
- Kālabāhu. A monkey, a previous birth of Devadatta.
See the Kālabāhu Jātaka.
- Kāla-bhikkhu Sutta. See Kālaka(-bhikkhu)
- Kāladāna Sutta. The name given in the Sutta Sangaha
(No. 1) for Kāla Sutta (3).
- Kāladīghāvika. A padhānaghara built by Hatthadātha.
- Kālagāma. A village in Ceylon. A minister of this
village is given as an example of a man who committed suicide
in remorse (vippatisārī).
- Kālagiri, Kālāgiri. See
- Kālagiribhanda. A district in Ceylon. The forces
of Parakkamabāhu I. fought there twenty battles before it could
be brought under subjection (Cv.lxxii.62).
It is identified with the modern Kalugalboda-rata.
- Kālāgiri-khana. That section of the Vidhurapandita
Jātaka which ends with the bringing of Vidhura by Punnaka to
the realm of the Nāgas. J.
- Kalahanagara. A village built on the spot where Pandukābhaya
defeated the soldiers sent by the father of Suvannapālī to rescue
her. Mhv.x.42; see
also Mhv.Trs.71, n.1,
for its identification.
- Kalahavivāda Sutta
- Kalahayinādu. A district in South India.
- Kālaka Sutta
- Kalakacchagāma. A village in Ceylon, near Kalyānī.
At the Nāga-mahā-vihāra there the thera Maliyadeva preached
the Cha-chakka Sutta; sixty monks heard it and became arahants.
- Kālakagāma. A village in Ceylon in which was the
Mandalārāma, the residence of the Elder Mahāsona (q.v.).
VibhA.448. It was
evidently the same as Kallagama (q.v.).
- Kālakannī Jātaka (No.83)
- Kālakārāma Sutta. See Kālaka
- Kālakūta. One of the five mountain ranges surrounding
Anotatta. It has the colour of añjana (collyrium).
- Kalalahallika. A village and tank near Ālisāra. There
was a fortification there.. The tank was restored by Parakkamabāhu
I. Cv.lxviii.48; lxx.73,
163; also Cv. Trs.i.301,
- Kālamahī. A branch of the river Mahā-Mahī, which
it later rejoins. SnA.i.27.
- Kālamattika. A tank given by Jetthatissa for the
use of the Cetiyapabbata-vihāra.
- Kālamattiya, Kālamattika. A forest. Mutthika, after
his death, was born as a goblin in this forest, and when Baladeva
reached the spot during his flight, Mutthika challenged him
to a wrestling match and ate him up "like a radish-bulb."
J. iv.82, 88.
- Kalamba. A river near Anurādhapura, probably identical
with Kadamba (Sp.ii.474)
(q.v.). The river was to the east of Anurādhapura.
- Kalambadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-four kappas
ago he met a Pacceka Buddha named Romasa and gave him a radish
- Kalambaka-Vihāra. A monastery built by King Saddhātissa.
- Kālanadī. A river in Ceylon, the present Kaluganga.
Devapatirāja built over the river a bridge of eighty-six cubits
and laid out a garden of coco palms from the river to Bhīmatittha-vihāra.
- Kālanāga. See Mahā-Kāla.
- Kālanāgara. The family to which the general Parakkama
- Kalandagāma. A brahmin village in Ceylon, where King
Mahāsena built a vihāra on the site of an old Hindu temple.
- Kalandakagāma. A village near Vesāli; it was the
birthplace of Sudinna (Vin.iii.11).
says the name was given because of the squirrels who lived there.
- Kalandakaputta. See Sudinna. Kalanda or Kalandaka
was the name, not of his father, but of his village.
- Kalanduka Jātaka (No.127)
- Kalanduka. A servant of the Treasurer of Benares
(Bārānasī-setthi). See Kalanduka Jātaka.
- Kālapāsāna. A tank in Ceylon; one of sixteen tanks
built by King Nabāsena.
- Kālapilla. A locality in Rohana in Ceylon. There
the troops of Parakkamabāhu I. defeated those of Gajabāhu.
- Kalāra Sutta
- Kalārakhattiya Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Nidāna
Samyutta. S. ii.47-68.
- Kalārakkhattiya. A monk. He visits Sāriputta and
tells him of Moliya-Phagguna's secession from the Order. The
account of the incident is included in the Kalāra Sutta (q.v.).
- Kālasela. A statue of the
Buddha. See Silāsambuddha.
- Kalasigāma. The birthplace of
Milinda in the Island of Alasandā (or Alexandria) in the Indus
(Mil..83). Rhys Davids
i., p.xxiii) thinks that the name is identical with that of
the Greek settlement Karisi.
- Kālasumana. Thera. One of those responsible for preserving
the Vinaya in Ceylon after the death of Mahinda.
- Kālasutta. One of the principal hells (J.v.266,
267, 268). Beings born there are placed on a floor of heated
iron, marked with a black thread made red hot, and then cut
into pieces along the markings (J.v.270).
- Kālatinduka Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon.
- Kālatittha. A locality in Rohana. There Vikkamapandu
had his seat of government (Cv.lvi.12).
It is identified with the modern Kalutara, at the mouth of the
- Kālāvaka. The tribe of ordinary elephants, each one
of which possesses the strength of ten men.
- Kālavalli. A tank repaired by Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kālavallimandapa. A vihāra in Ceylon, the residence
of the Elder Mahānāga (DA.i.190,
191; SnA.i.56; VbhA.352,
MT.606). It was near
the village Nakulanagara (DhSA.339) and was situated in Rohana
- Kālavilangika. See
- Kalāyamutthi Jātaka
- Kālāyanakannika. A locality in Rohana. There Mahādāthika
Mahānāga built two vihāras, Manināgapabbata and Kalanda.
- Kāli Sutta
- Kālī Sutta. Kālī Kururaghara visits Mahā-Kaccāna
and asks him for a detailed exposition of one of the stanzas
in the Kumāripañhas. (The stanza occurs at
S. i.126). Mahā-Kaccāna
explains, and his explanation deals with the ten kasinas.
- Kāli. A tank in Ceylon, built by King Vasabha (Mhv.Xxxv.95).
It was among those repaired by Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kāligotamī. See
- Kālikā. See Kālī (9).
- Kalikāla. A Tamil chieftain, conquered by Lankāpura.
- Kalikāla-sāhicca-sabbaññupandita. A honorific ("all-knowing
scholar of the Dark Age") given to Parakkamabāhu II. on account
of his vast erudition.
- Kālikarakkhiya. An ancient sage mentioned in a list
of sages, together with Samudda, Bharata, Angīrasa, Kassapa,
Kisavaccha and Akitti. J.
- Kalimbha Thera (Kalimma)
- Kālindī. A channel in the irrigation system of Parakkamabāhu
I., flowing southward from the Manihīra tank.
- Kālinga, Kalinga
The chaplain of King Kālinga. See
the Kālingabodhi Jātaka.
He was the Bodhisatta, and is sometimes called Kālinga-brāhmana
(E.g., J. iv.235).
- Kālingabodhi Jātaka
- Kalingara Sutta
- Kālingārañña. See Kālinga
- Kallagāma. A village in Ceylon. In the village was
the Mandālārāmaka-vihāra (q.v.).
- Kallakālena. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Saddhātissa.
- Kallakavelāra. A Tamil chief, brother of Tondamāna's
wife. He was slain by Lankāpura.
- Kallaka-vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, near Bhokkantagāma.
There Sumanā, wife of Lakuntaka Atimbam, heard the preaching
of the Āsīvisopama Sutta and became an arahant.
- Kallara. A district in South India.
- Kallavā Sutta. Of those who meditate some are clever
in concentration but are not fully expert in meditation, some
are the reverse, some have neither quality, while others have
both. S. iii.265.
- Kallavāla, Kanavālamutta
- Kallita Sutta. A man may be skilled in ease in concentration,
but not in the range thereof, nor in resolve, zeal, perseverance,
or profit. S. iii.275.
- Kāludāyī Thera
- Kālūla. A monastery in Ceylon. Aggabodhi VIII, gave
a village for its maintenance.
- Kālūpakāla. The name of the warders in charge of
a hell bearing the same name. They smite their victims with
arrows and spears.
- Kālussa. A village given by Udaya I, to the Nīlārāma
- Kalyāna (Kalyānaka)
- Kalyānabhatta-tissa. See
- Kalyāna-dhamma Jātaka
- Kalyāna-dhamma Vagga. The third chapter of the Duka
Nipāta of the Jātaka. J.
- Kalyānamitta Sutta
- Kalyānamitta Vagga. The eighth chapter of the Eka
Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya.
- Kalyānī Sutta. No beautiful woman (janapadakalyānī)
can persistently possess the heart of a man who is fond of gain,
favours, and flattery. S.
- Kalyanigāma. A village, probably in or near Kalyānī;
it was the residence of Mahātissa Thera.
- Kalyānippakarana. A record of the famous Kalyāni
inscriptions set up near Pegu by Dhammaceti, giving details
of the consecration of the Kalyānisīmā in Pegu by the monks
who received their ordination at the Kalyāni-vihāra in Ceylon.
Bode, 23, 38f.;
- Kalyāni-Tissa. A king of Kalyānī, father of
He was great-grandson of Mutasīva and grandson of Uttiya. His
younger brother was called Ayya-Uttiya (MT.431).
- Kāma Jātaka (No.467)
- Kāma Sutta
- Kāmabhogī Sutta
- Kāmabhū Sutta
- Kāmada Sutta. Contains the account of Kāmada's visit
to the Buddha (S.i.48).
It is quoted in the Nettippakarana p.148.
- Kāmānākkotta. A fortress in South India, which was
occupied by the Tamil chiefs Pandimandala, Vīraganga and Kangakonda.
- Kāmanīta Jātaka, (No.228)
- Kāmanīta. The name by which the brahmin, mentioned
in connection with the Kāma Jātaka, the Kāma Sutta and the
Kāmanīta Jātaka, is referred
to. J. ii.212.
- Kāmavilāpa Jātaka
- Kambala. A tribe of Nāgas. They were present at the
and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of
- Kamboja (Kambojaka)
- Kāmboja. See Kamboja.
- Kambugallaka. See
- Kamma Sutta
- Kamma Vagga. The twenty-fourth chapter of the Catukka
Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. It contains ten suttas on various
kinds of deeds, the four classes of ascetics and the blessings
of a good man (A.ii.230-9).
The Commentary calls it Magga-vagga.
- Kammahārattaka. General of King Khallātanāga. He
led a revolution against the king and killed him in the capital.
The king's brother Vattagāmani, however, killed the general
and took over the government (Mhv.Xxxiii.33;
see also MT.612).
- Kammakārana Vagga. A group of ten suttas, forming
the first section of the Duka Nipāta, on various subjects, such
as faults and their punishment, worldly and spiritual striving,
the two things (fear and shame) which guard the world, etc.
- Kammakathā. The seventh chapter of the Mahāvagga
of the Patisambhidāmagga.
- Kammakkhandha. The first section of the Cullavagga
of the Vinaya Pitaka (Vin.ii.1-28).
- Kammapatha Vagga. The third chapter of the Dhātu
Samyutta. S. ii.111f.
- Kammāradeva. A locality in Anurādhapura, included
in the sīmā marked out by Devānampiya-Tissa. On its left was
the cemetery for the lower castes (Mbv.135;
also Mhv.xv.13, see
Geiger's edition, p.332).
- Kammāragāma. A village in Rohana, identified with
modern Kamburugamuva. It was one of the places passed by the
Kañcukināyaka of Parakkamabāhu I, in his victorious progress
- Kammāsa. See Kammāsapada.
- Kammāsadamma, Kammāsadhamma
- Kammassadhamma. See Kammāsadamma
- Kammavācā. A compilation of the rules and the ritual
regarding admission into the Sangha (
Bode: op. cit., 6f).
- Kammavibhanga Sutta. See
- Kammupelanda. See Kabupelanda.
- Kampilla (Kampillaka,
- Kamsabhoga. A division of Uttarāpatha, its capital
being Asitañjana, where Mahākamsa and his successors ruled.
- Kamsavamsa. The race of Mahākamsa; this race was
destroyed by the sons of Devagabbhā.
- Kanāda. A teacher of philosophy, mentioned with Kapila,
as teaching that the soul was limitless (na antavā).
- Kānagāma. A village and tank in Rohana. There Aggabodhi
of Rohana built three hospitals for the blind and the sick and
a large image house in the Patimā-vihāra (Cv.xlv.43).
Parakkamabāhu I. repaired the tank.
- Kanakadattā. A nun, disciple
of Konāgamana, who brought a branch of the Buddha's udumbara-bodhi
to Ceylon. She, with her following, was left behind by the Buddha.
v.l. Kantakānandā and Kandanandā.
- Kanakāgamana. See
- Kanakāgamana. See
- Kanakamuni. See Konāgamana.
- Kānamātā. A pious lay woman of
Sāvatthi, mother of
- Kānamūla. A locality in Ceylon, near the Kālavāpi.
- Kānapaddāvuda. A locality in Ceylon. There a she-bear
attacked Parakkamabāhu I. (then the Ādipāda), but was killed
by him. Cv.1xvii.40.
- Kanasiya. A Tamil. chief, conquered by Lankāpura
at Tirivekambama (Cv.lxxvi.238).
- Kānatālavana-tittha. A ford in the Mahāvāluka-gangā,
a point of strategic importance.
- Kānavāpī. A tank near the Cetiyagiri, given by Sena
I. for the use of the monks there (Cv.l.72).
Sena II. built a dam across it at Katthantanagara (Cv.li.73),
and both Vijayabāhu I (Cv.lx.50)
and Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.34)
- Kanavera Jātaka (No.318)
- Kanaverapupphiya Thera
- Kañcamba. A Tamil chieftain who fought against Lankāpura.
- Kañcanagiri. See Kañcanapabbata.
Jātaka (No. 56)
- Kañcanamālā. Probably the name of Sakka's white parasol.
It was five leagues in circumference.
- Kañcanamānava. The name given to Mahā Kaccāna by
his parents, Kaccāna being the family name. He was called Kañcana
because his body was of a golden colour.
- Kañcanapattī. The hut in the Kañcanapabbata, where
lived the ascetic Jotirasa, friend of Vessavana.
- Kañcanavana. A pleasance near Ujjeni, where Mahā
Kaccāna lived on his return to Ujjeni after his ordination.
- Kañcanavela. Son of Piyadassī Buddha, his mother
being Vimalā (Bu.xiv.17).
The Buddhavamsa Commentary (p.172) calls him Kañcana.
- Kañcanavelu. The city in which Siddattha Buddha died,
in the park Anoma (BuA.188).
- Kāñcipura (v.l. Kāñcīpura)
- Kañcīpura. See Kāñcipura.
- Kandadevamālava. A Tamil chief who fought against
Parakkamabāhu's general Lankāpura, and was defeated at Mundikkāra.
Later, when Kandadevamālava owned allegiance to Parakkamabāhu,
Lankāpura restored Mundikkāra to him and appointed him chief
of the two districts of Mangala.
- Kandagalaka Jātaka
- Kandagalaka. A bird, a former birth of Devadatta.
See the Kandagalaka Jātaka.
- Kandaka. See Kantaka.
- Kandakā. See Kantakā.
- Kandakī. See Kantakī.
- Kandalīpupphiya Thera. An
arahant. Ninety-four kappas ago he was a farmer on the banks
of the Sindhū, and seeing the Buddha Siddhattha wrapt in meditation,
offered him seven kandalī-flowers and paid him homage (Ap.i.257).
- Kandamba. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Kandanagara. A locality in Ceylon; to the north of
it was the Girinelavāhanaka Vihāra, built by Sūratissa.
- Kandanandā. See Kanakadattā.
- Kandara Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Thūlanātha,
younger son of Saddhātissa (Mhv.Xxxiii.15).
According to the Mahāvamsa Tika (p.442), the vihāra was in Rohana.
- Kandaraggisāma. A celebrated physician, mentioned
in a list of such. Mil.272.
- Kandarājika. A village in Rājarattha in Ceylon. See
- Kandaraka Sutta
- Kandaramasuka. See
- Kandarasāla. See Katthaka.
- Kandari Jātaka (No.341)
- Kandari. King of Benares; his story is given in the
- Kandina Jātaka (No.13)
- Kandiyūru. A Tamil chieftain and ally of Kulasekhara.
- Kandula. The Rasavāhinī contains a story of how he
once looked after the monks of Mahānijjhara Vihāra.
- Kanduvethi. A city in India, the capital of Narasīha;
perhaps a variant reading of Kanduvetti (Cv.xlvii.7).
Hultszch says (J.R.A.S.1913,
p.527) that both names are synonyms with Kādavarū, a designation
of the Pallava kings.
- Kanduvetti. A Tamil chief and vassal prince of South
India, ally of Kulasekhera.
- Kangakondakalappa. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Kangakondāna. A fortress in South India.
- Kangakondapperayara. A Tamil chief, subdued by Parakkamabāhu
- Kangayara. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara; he
was vanquished by Lankāpura, general of Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kanha Jātaka (No.29, 440)
- Kanhadāsa. The donor of the vihāra in Kāveripattana,
where lived Buddhadatta, author of Madhuratthavilāsinī, the
commentary on the Buddhavamsa.
- Kanhadevala. Another name for
- Kanhadinna Thera
- Kanhadīpāyana Jātaka
- Kanhagangā. The name of one part of the river which
flows from Anotatta. This part
is sixty leagues long and flows over a rocky bed.
- Kanhāgotamakā, Kanhāgotamikā. A royal family of Nāgas.
- Kanhagundāvana. See
- Kanhamitta. The real name
of the thera Valliya (q.v.) of Vesāil. v.l. Gandimitta.
- Kanhanadī. Another name for Kālanadī, the river forming
the boundary of Rohana. (Cv.liii.20;
- Kanhapakka Vagga. The first chapter of the Mātugāma
Samyutta. S. iv.238-43.
- Kanhasiri. Another name for Asita.
- Kanhausabha Jātaka. See
Kanha Jātaka (1).
- Kanhavāta. A locality in Rohana.
- Kanikārapadhānaghara. A meditation-hall in Khandacela
Vihāra, where lived Padhāniya Thera.
- Kanikārapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-two kappas
ago he saw the Buddha Tissa and offered him a kanikāra-flower.
Thirty-five kappas ago he was a king named Arunapāla (v.l. Arunabala)
(Ap.i.203). He is probably
identical with Ujjaya Thera.
- Kanikāravālikasamudda Vihāra. The residence of the
Thera Sāketa-Tissa, during a whole rainy season.
- Kanikāra-Vimāna. A palace in Tāvatimsa, sixty leagues
high and thirty broad, which Uttara Thera occupied as a result
of having, in a previous birth, offered a kanikāra-flower to
Sumedha Buddha. ThagA.i.241.
- Kanirajānu Tissa
- Kanira-pabbhāra. A cave, probably in the side of
the Cetiyagiri, into which King Kanirajānu Tissa ordered sixty
monks to be flung, they having been found guilty of high treason
- Kanittha-Tissa, Kanittha-Tissaka
- Kankhā-Revata Thera
- Kankheyya Sutta
- Kannagoccha, Kannagotta. See
- Kannakatthala Sutta
- Kannakatthala. A deer-park in Ujuññā. There the Buddha
sometimes stayed; he was once visited there by Acela Kassapa,
to whom he preached the Kassapasīhanāda Sutta (D.i.161),
and again by Pasenadi, king of Kosala; to him he preached the
Kannakatthala Sutta. M.ii.125.
- Kannamunda, Kannakatthala. See
- Kannamunda, Kannamundaka
- Kannāta. The name given in the Cūlavamsa to the Kanarese
of South India. They are often mentioned as mercenary soldiers
in Ceylon. E.g., Cv.lv.12;
lx.24, 26; lxx.230.
- Kannāvadhamāna. A mountain in Ceylon, the residence
of the Nāga-king, father of Cūlodara and brother-in-law of Mahodara.
Mhv.i.49; but see my
edition of the Mahāvamsa-Tīkā, where I take the name of the
mountain to be Vaddhamāna.
- Kannikāragalla. A tank in Ceylon, restored by Gajabāhu.
- Kantaka (v.l. Kandaka)
- Kantakā (v.l. Kandakā). A
nun who was guilty of unchastity with the novice
- Kantaka Sutta.
- Kantaka-cetiya. A building on the Cetiyapabbata.
Near it were many rock cells, sixty-eight of which were built
by Devānampiya-Tissa (Mhv.Xvi.12).
Can this be the same as Kantaka-cetiya (q.v.)? See also Katthaka.
- Kantakacetiya. A cetiya on Cetiyapabbata. Here Kāla-Buddharakkhita
Thera (q.v.) preached the Kālakārāma Sutta (MA.i.469f).
See also Katthaka and
- Kantakadvāravāta. A village in Rohana where the forces
of Parakkamabāhu I. inflicted a severe defeat on their enemies
is identified with the modern Katupelella.
- Kantakānandā. See
- Kantakapetaka. A district on the frontier of the
Dakkhinadesa of Ceylon, probably to the east or north-east of
- Kantakavana. A locality in Rohana where the general
Rakkha built a stronghold and attacked the enemy forces.
- Kantakī Sutta
- Kanthaka (v.l. Kannthaka)
- Kanthaka. See Kanthaka.
- Kanthakanivatta-cetiya. See
- Kanthakasāla-parivena. See
- Kanthapitthi. An important village, among those given
by Aggabodhi IX. to a number of small vihāras in order that
the monks of these vihāras could obtain rice-gruel without going,
as formerly, to the Mahāvihāra.
- Kapālanāga. A vihāra built by Dāthā, wife of Aggabodhi
- Kapallakkhanda. A locality in Ceylon on the field
of Hankārapitthi. Here was fought a fierce battle between Ilanāga
and the Lambakannas, in which the latter were slain in large
- Kāpathika (v.l. Kāpatika)
- Kapi Jātaka (No.250, 404)
- Kāpi. Son of Kotūhalaka and his wife
Kālī. When his parents fled from Ajītarattha
to Kosambī from fear of the plague, they, being starved, found
it very difficult to carry the child. Seven times the father
tried to abandon the child, but the mother prevented him.
- Kapila Sutta. Preached by
the Buddha to the people assembled to hear his explanation of
the golden colour of the fish, Kapila-maccha (see
Kapila 4) (SnA.i.305f;
Sutta Nipāta calls it Dhammacariya Sutta.
- Kapila-maccha Vatthu. The story of Kapila-maccha.
- Kapila-maccha. See
- Kapila-nagara. See
- Kapilapura. See
- Kapila-vihāra. See
- Kapittha. A village near Cittalapabbata-vihāra, the
residence of Phussadeva (v.l. Gavita).
- Kapīvantā. A city to the north of
- Kapota Jātaka (No.42,
- Kappa Sutta
- Kappagallaka. A village in Rohana where Mahinda V.
founded a town which, for some time, was the seat of his government
- Kappaka. See
- Kappakagāma (Kappukagāma). A vihāra in Ceylon, the
residence of the thera Deva. It was from him that King Vohārika-Tissa
heard the Doctrine and, as a mark of favour, the king restored
five buildings belonging to the Kappakagāma monastery (Mhv.Xxxvi.29).
- Kapparukkhiya Thera
- Kappāsagāma. A village in Ceylon. There Kittī, queen
consort of Mahinda IV., built a bathing tank for the monks.
- Kappāsika (Kappāsiya)-Vanasanda
- Kappatakura Thera
- Kappāyana. A name of Nigrodha-Kappa (Sn.v.354);
given out of respect for him, says the Commentary.
- Kappina Sutta
- Kappina. See Mahā-Kappina.
- Kappiñcimpekula. A Tamil chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Kappitaka Thera
- Kappuka°. See Kappaka°.
- Kappūramūlāyatana. This probably refers to the Kappūra-parivena
n.7). Yasodharā, daughter of Vijayabāhu I., built there a large
and beautiful image house.
- Kappūra-parivena. A building in the Abhayagiri-vihāra,
erected by Dāthopatissa II. (Cv.xlv.29).
Later, Aggabodhi II. built a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21),
and Sena I. erected a pariccheda (probably rows of single cells).
(Cv.l.77) (See also
- Kapulpelanda. See
- Kāradīpa. An island in the Tamil country, near Nāgadīpa.
Its original name was Ahidīpa. Akitti took up his residence
there and lived on the leaves and fruits of the kāra-tree which
grew there. On account of this the island came by its new name.
- Karajakāya Vagga. The twenty-first chapter of the
Dasaka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. It contains suttas on
ten conditions which lead beings to hell, the ten conditions
which give a lay-woman confidence in her house, etc. (A.v.283-303)
- Kāraka. A village in Ceylon, near Serisara.
- Karakanda, Karakandaka
- Kārakapupphamañjarī. A work on Pāli grammar, written
by Attaragama Bandāra-Rājaguru in the eighteenth century, dealing
with kāraka or case-relations - i.e., syntax.
- Kāraliyagiri. A monastery in Ceylon, the residence
of a thera named Nāga, who taught the monks the Dhātukathā after
having given up the study of the scriptures for eighteen years.
- Karamba. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Kārambhiya 1.See Kāranvī below.
- Kārambhiya 2.See
- Kāranapālī Sutta. Records the meeting mentioned above
of Kāranapālī with Pingiyānī.
- Karandaka Jātaka. See
- Kārandava Sutta
- Kārandiya (Kārandiya). A brahmin student, the Bodhisatta.
His story is given in the Kārandiya
Kārandiya Jātaka (No.356)
- Karandu (v.l. Karakanda,
- Karanīyametta Sutta. See
- Kāranvī. A wood in which the Elder Cittaka sojourned
for some time (Thag.v.22). The Commentary suggests (ThagA.ii.78)
that kāram is the name of a tree and that from this tree the
wood was named. v.l. Kārambhiya.
- Kārapitthi. A village in Ceylon. Moggallāna III.
built there the Mogallāna-vihāra.
- Karatiya. A Yakkha, mentioned in the Ātānātiya Sutta
as being one of the chief Yakkhas who should be invoked by followers
of the Buddha when they need protection.
- Karavālagiri. A locality in Ceylon where once Parakkamabāhu
I. set up his camp. Cv.lxxii.134.
- Karavitthavilatta. A tank in Ceylon. It was restored
by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxviii.48.
- Kārāyana. See
- Kārikā. A grammatical work in Pall, written by the
Elder Dhammasenāpati at the Ananda-vihāra in Pagan. A tika on
the work is ascribed to the same author.
Gv. p.63, 73;
Bode, op. cit., 16 and
- Karindaka. A mountain, headquarters of Dāthāpabhuti
in his fight against Moggallāna.
- Karinda-nadī.A river in South Ceylon. Near its source
was the Panjalipabbata. Mhv..xxiii.14; also
- Karoto Sutta. Discussion of the view that there is
neither merit nor demerit in any kind of action whatsoever,
whether good or bad (S.iii.208).
The reference is evidently to the heresy of Pūrana Kassapa (C.p.
- Karumbūlatta, Kurummalatta. A Tamil chief, ally of
Kulasekhara. He was subdued by Lankāpura.
- Karumhā. A class of spirits, present at the Mahāsamaya.
- Karunā Sutta. The idea of karunā (pity), if cultivated,
is very fruitful. S. v.131.
- Kārusā. Mentioned with the Bhaggas in a list of tribes.
- Kāsagalla. A monastery which was repaired by Vijayabāhu
I. v.l. Kāyagalla. Cv.lx.61.
- Kasagāma. A village in Ceylon, given to the Moraparivena
by Dāthopatissa II. Cv.xlv.28.
- Kasālla. A tank in South Ceylon repaired by Parakkamabāhu
A fortress of this name is also mentioned, where Gokanna was
- Kāsapabbata. A mountain in Ceylon, once the headquarters
of Pandukābhaya (Mhv.X.27).
It lay on the way from Vijitapura to Anurādhapura. Dutthagāmanī
encamped there and constructed a tank near by.
Mhv.xxv.50; see also
- Kāsāva Jātaka (No.221)
- Kāsāva Vagga. The eighth section of the Duka Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kāsaya. Inhabitant of Kāsi (J.ii.402).
- Kāsi (Kāsika)
- Kasī Bhāradvāja Sutta
- Kasī Sutta. See
- Kāsigāma, Kāsinigama
- Kāsika. A city. Sixty-five kappas ago the Thera Bodhighariya
lived there as cakkavatti. The city was built by Vissakamma
and was ten leagues in length and eight in width. It was built
entirely of precious metals. The king's palace was called Mangala.
- Kāsika. The name of a tribe; probably the inhabitants
of Kāsi. Ap.ii.359.
- Kāsikhanda. A district in Ceylon; in it was the Mahādevarattakurara-vihāra.
- Kasina Sutta. The ten spheres of kasina (kasināyatanāni)
- e.g., pathavi, Āpo, tejo, etc. (A.v.46)
- Kāsipura. See
- Kāsiyo. The inhabitants of
- Kāsmīra. See
- Kassaka Sutta
- Kassakagiri. See Kassapagiri.
- Kassakalena. A cave (probably in Ceylon), which was
the residence of the Elder Mahāmitta (q.v.).
- Kassapa Samyutta
- Kassapa Sutta
- Kassapagotta or Cheta Sutta. Relates the story of
the attempt made by Kassapagotta (4) to convert a huntsman.
- Kassapakārāma (Kassapārāma)
- Kassapapāsāda. A building attached to the Abhayagiri-vihāra
and erected by Kassapa IV. A village was made over for its maintenance
(Cv.lii.13). It is
identified with the "Kasub-vad-mahapahā" mentioned in an inscription
of Mahinda IV. in the Jetavanārāma. Ep.Zey.i.216.
- Kassaparājaka. A monastery begun by a young prince,
called Kassapa, in the time of King Dappula and finished by
Sena I (Cv.l.81).
An inscription (Ep.Zey.i.42ff)
mentions that a "Kasubraja-vehara" (probably the same as the
above), was restored by Kassapa V.
- Kassapasena. A monastery built by the Senāpati of
Kassapa IV. It was given to the Sāgalikas (Cv.lii.17).
It was restored by Kassapa V. (Ep.Zey.ii.40).
- Kassapa-vihāra. A monastery to which Dāthopatissa
II. gave the village of Senāmagāma (Cv.xlv.27).
This monastery is probably to be identified with Kassapagiri-vihāra.
- Kassapiyā, Kassapikā
- Kassipitthika-vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon, built
by King Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.49.
- Kāsumāriphalakadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one
kappas ago he gave a kāsumāri-fruit to the Buddha (Ap.i.294).
He is probably to be identified with Sīvaka Sāmanera (ThagA.ii.61).
- Kāsumāriphaliya Thera. An arahant. The verses attributed
to him are the same as those of Kāsumāriphaladāyaka. He is probably
to be identified with Jotidāsa Thera (Ap.ii.445).
- Katadorāvāda (?). A village in Rohana in South Ceylon
may be the same as Kantakadvāravāta. Geiger,
- Katagāma. A village in which the Ādipāda Vikkamabāhu
defeated Jayabāhu and his brothers.
- Katāhaka Jātaka (No.125)
- Katāhaka. The son of a female
slave of the Bodhisatta when he was a rich treasurer in Benares.
For his story, see the Katāhaka
- Kataka. A village in Ceylon granted by Aggabodhi
IV. for the maintenance of the padhanāghara, which he built
for the Elder Dāthāsiva.
- Katamorakatissa (Katamorakatissaka)
- Katandhakāra. See
- Katattha. One of the Yakkhas who guarded Jotika's
palace. He was at the sixth gate and had six thousand Yakkhas
with him. DhA.iv.209.
- Kathā Sutta
- Kathāvatthu Sutta
- Kathāvivarana. A book mentioned in the
- Kathika Sutta. The true preacher is one who preaches
revulsion from the body, its fading away and its cessation.
- Kathina Vagga 1. The first section of the Mahā Vibhanga
of the Parivārapāthā.
- Kathina Vagga 2. The first section of the Nissagiya.
- Kathinakkhandha. The seventh chapter of the Mahāvagga
of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.i.253-67.
- Kati chinde Sutta. Preached in answer to a deva's
question as to how many bonds an arahant should cut. Five, says
the Buddha. S. i.3.
- Kativāpi. One of the tanks repaired by Parakkamabāhu
- Katiyāgāma. A village in Ceylon where Gajabāhu's
officers slew large numbers of his enemies (Cv.lxx.67).
- Kātiyānī (v.l. Kaccānī)
- Kattala. A village in South India belonging to Tondamāna.
- Kattha Sutta. On the five evil results of not using
a toothbrush, and the five advantages of using one.
- Katthahāla-parivena. A monastic residence in or near
Anurādhapura. A monk from Piyangalla, who was asked to participate
in the building of the Mahā Thūpa, stayed in the parivena during
his visit to Anurādhapura.
- Katthahāra Sutta
- Katthahāra-Bhāradvāja. See
- Katthahāri Jātaka (No.7)
- Katthaka Cetiya
- Katthakā A class of devas
present at the Mahāsamaya (D.ii.261).
- Katthakasāla. See
- Katthantanagara. A town near the Kānavāpi tank. It
was here that King Sena II. had the dam of the tank repaired.
- Katthavāhananagara. The city of king
Katthavāhana (1) (SnA.ii.576).
It was one whole day's journey from Benares and twenty yojanas
from Sāvatthi (SnA.ii.579).
- Katthī Sutta. Preached to the monks at Sahajātī by
Mahā-Cunda. It deals with ten qualities of which a monk should
rid himself if he is to increase and prosper in the dhammavinaya.
- Kattikapabbata. A village in Rohana given by Dappula
I. to the Tissavihāra.
- Katunnarū. A tank in South Ceylon repaired by Vijayabāhu
I. (Cv.lx.48) and
again by Parakkamabāhu I. before his ascent to the throne.
- Katuvandu. A locality near Anurādhapura (Cv.lxxii.188).
- Katuviya Sutta
- Kavi Sutta
- Kāvīra. A seaport in the Tamil country. Akitti lived
in a park near by (J.iv.238).
Sumanā, wife of Lakuntaka Atimbara, was once born in Kāvīra
in a mariner's family.
- Kavisīsa. See
- Kāya Sutta
- Kāyaduccarita Sutta. On the five evil results of
wickedness in bodily action.
- Kāyagalla. See Kāsagalla above.
- Kāyagatāsati Sutta
- Kayanibbinda Jātaka. See
- Kāyasakkhi Sutta
- Kāyasatti. A Thera, incumbent of the Vijayabāhu-parivena.
King Parakkamabāhu IV. built for him a two-storied pasāda of
great splendour and gave him the village of Sālaggāma.
- Kāyavicchandanaka Sutta.Another
name for the Vijaya Sutta
of the Sutta Nipāta.
- Kayavikkaya Sutta. Few are they who abstain from
buying and selling, more numerous they who do not (S.v.473).
- Kehāla. See Kohāla.
- Kehella. A village in Ceylon, the revenue from which
Aggabodhi III. gave to the padhānaghara called Mahallarāja.
- Keheta. A village in Ceylon, given by Jetthatissa
III. for the maintenance of the Gangāmāti-vihāra.
- Keka. A kingdom in Mahimsakarattha. Ajjuna Sahassabāhu
once ruled there. v.l. Kekaka (J.v.145).
- Kekaka. A city, regarded in
ancient times as one of the three chief cities of
Jambudīpa, the others being
- Kekakā. The people of Kekaka.
J. ii.214; v.267, 273;
- Kekarājā. The king of Kekaka.
J. vi.280, 281.
- Kekaya. Another name for Keka and Kekaka.
- Kekkhārupupphiya. See
- Kelavāhā. See
- Kelivāta. A district or village in Ceylon. Aggabodhi
I. built there the Sumanapabbata-vihāra.
- Keliya-tissa. See
- Keniya (v.l. Kenniya)
- Kerala. A country in South India, along the Malabar
coast. See Keralā.
- Keralasīhamuttara. A Tamil chief, an ally of Kulasekhara
later formed a friendship with Lankāpura.
- Kesa. See
- Kesakambala Sutta
- Kesakambala. See
- Kesaputta. A township of
the Kosalans and the residence of the Kālāmas. The Buddha once
stayed there, on which occasion he preached the Kesaputtiya
- Kesaputtiyā. The people of Kesaputta - the Kālāmas
(A.i.188). It is suggested
that they may be identical with the Kesins of the Satapatha
Brāhman. Law: Geog. p.30
- Kesārāma. A park in the city of Sīlavatī. The Buddha
Dhammadassī died there.
- Kesarapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas
ago he was a vijjādhara in Himavā, and having seen the Buddha
Vessabhū, gave him three kesara-flowers.
- Kesava Jātaka (No.346)
- Kesi (Vagga/Sutta)
- Kesī. See Kesinī below.
- Kesinī 1.One of the wives of Ekarāja.
- Kesinī 2.Mother of Buddhaghosa (Buddhaghosuppatti,
p.38). The Sāsanavamsa (p.29) calls her Kesī.
- Ketakapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas
ago he saw the Buddha Vipassī (?) on the banks of the Vinatā
and gave him a ketaka-flower (Ap.ii.449f).
His stanzas are given in the Theragāthā Commentary under two
names: Abhaya and Kappatakura.
- Ketakavana. A forest near
Kosala. There the Buddha preached
the Nalapāna Jātaka.
- Ketumā. A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a list of
their names. M.iii.70;
- Ketumbarāga. The name of a Pacceka Buddha (M.iii.70;
- Kevatta (v.l. Kevaddha)
- Kevatta (v.l. Kevaddha)
- Kevattadvāra. One of the gates of Benares. The village
near it bore the same name and was the residence of Lakhumā.
- Kevattagambhīra. A village in Rohana, given by Dappula
to the Nāga-vihāra.
- Kevatta-Nanda. One of the
- Khadira Sutta. It is just as impossible to destroy
dukkha without realising the Four Noble Truths as it is to make
a leaf-basket of acacia leaves, etc., or to fetch water in such
a basket, or to use the leaves for a fan.
- Khadirangani. A village in Ceylon. Kitti (afterwards
Vijayabāhu I.) once occupied a stronghold in the village and
fought a successful battle near by.
- Khadirāvali Vihāra. A monastery in Rohana. Dappula
I, built it and offered it to the presiding deity of the place
(probably Skanda). Cv.xlv.55;
see also Cv. Trs.i.94,
- Khadiravaniya. The name of the Bodhisatta when he
was once born as a bird in a khadira-wood. See the
- Khadiravaniya-Revata. See
- Khajjakadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-two kappas
ago he gave a ripe panasa-fruit, with a coconut, to the Buddha
Tissa; and thirteen kappas ago he was a king named Indasoma
(Ap.i.182). He is probably
identical with Setuccha Thera.
- Khajjanīya Vagga. The eighth chapter of the Khandha
Samyutta of the Samyutta Nikāya.
- Khajjanīya-pariyāya. See
- Khajjopanaka Jātaka (No.364). See
- Khajjotanadī. A river in Ceylon, tributary of the
Mahāvāluka-nadī. Over it Devappatirāja built a bridge of thirty
see also Cv. Trs.ii.173,
- Khajjūrakavaddhamāna. A tank in Ceylon.
- Khaluggata. See
- Khalunka Sutta 1. The eight defects of a horse and
the corresponding eight defects of a man.
- Khalunka Sutta 2. Three groups of three classes of
horses and the corresponding three classes of men.
- Khalupaccha Sutta. On the five kinds of monks found
among those who refuse food offered them after the normal time
- Khamā Sutta 1. The four modes of progress (patipadā);
that which is impatient, that which is patient, that which tames,
and that which calms. A.ii.152f.
- Khamā Sutta 2. Similar to the above, but the practice
of the patipadā is differently illustrated.
- Khambhakata Vagga. The Third Section of the Sekhiyā
of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.iv.188-91.
- Khandahāla. A brahmin; a former birth of Devadatta.
See the Khandahāla Jātaka.
- Khandakavitthika. A village in Ceylon. The birthplace
of Sūranimila (Mhv.Xxiii.19).
- Khandarāja. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Upatissa
- Khandasīmā. A sacred space in Pulatthipura included
in the sīmā marked out for the Sangha by Parakkamabāhu I.
also Cv. Trs.ii. 110,
- Khandavagga. A district in Rohana. The forces of
the enemies of Parakkamabāhu I, once encamped there.
- Khandha Sutta
- Khandhā Sutta 1. The five khandhas and the five upādānakkhandhas.
- Khandhā Sutta 2.It is for the full comprehension
of the five upādānakkhandhas that the Noble Eightfold Path should
be followed. S. v.60.
- Khandhaka Thūpa. A cetiya (probably in the Cetiyapabbata).
King Lañjaka Tissa caused a mantling of stone to be made for
v.l. Katthaka, Kanthaka Thūpa, Kantaka Thūpa. See also Katthaka.
- Khandhapura. The Pāli name for Myein Zaing in Burma
( Bode, op. cit., 40).
- Khandhāvara. The family name of Ayasmanta (Cv.lxxx.37).
They were worshippers of the god Skanda, and were an offshoot
of the Moriyavamsa. According to the colophon of the Sinhalese
- Khandhena Sutta
- Khandigāma. A village in Ceylon. It contained a narrow
pass where a battle took place between Gajabāhu and Lankāpura,
in which the former was defeated. Later, the Adhikārin Nātha
suffered defeat in the same place.
see also Cv. Trs.i.305,
- Khanti Sutta. See Vepacitti Sutta.
- Khantikakhipa. See Nāgita (2).
- Khantivādī. The title of
the ascetic of the Khantivādī
- Khānu 1. A Tamil general whom Dutthagāmani conquered
in his campaign. His stronghold was at Khānugāma.
- Khānu 2. A tank, probably at Khānugāma, built by
- Kharādiyā. See the
- Khārodakā. A river in Avīci, flowing alongside the
- Khata Sutta
- Khattiya Sutta
- Khattiyānī or Velāmikā. Chief of the eighty-four
thousand women who waited on the Bodhisatta when he was once
a mighty king Mahāsudassana
of Kusāvatī. S. iii.146;
but see D.ii.188.
- Khaya Sutta
- Khema Sutta
- Khema Vagga. The sixth chapter of the Navaka Nipāta
of the Anguttara Nikāya.
- Khemābhirata. A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal
- Khemārāma. A locality in Ceylon. Here Dutthagāmani,
having vanquished eleven Tamil chiefs, distributed among his
troops the booty rescued from them - hence the name (Mhv.Xxv.10;
- Khemātherī Sutta. Records the story of the visit
of Pasenadi to Khemā (S.iv.374ff).
See Khemā (1).
- Khemī. A pond, probably identical with
Khema (8) (J.v.374).
- Khemiyā. A class of gods, present at the preaching
of the Mahā Samaya Sutta (D.ii.261).
- Khemiyambavana. A mango grove near Benares.
Udena once stayed there and preached
the Ghotamukha Sutta.
- Khetta Sutta 1. The eight qualities of a bad field
in which to sow grain and the corresponding qualities of a good
field. Similarly with the recipients of gifts.
- Khetta Sutta 2.Few abstain from accepting fields;
many do not. S. v.473.
- Khettūpama-peta Vatthu. The first story of the Peta
- Khila Sutta
- Khīlā Sutta. The three mental obstructions - lust,
hatred, and illusion - to the comprehension of the Noble Eightfold
- Khira Sutta. Preached at Sāvatthi. Incalculable is
the beginning of samsāra. The milk drunk by a being during his
wanderings in samsāra is more in quantity than the water of
the four seas. S. ii.180.
- Khīrabhatta-tissa.- See
- Khīrarukkha Sutta. Where lust, malice, and infatuation
exist in a man, even trifling objects, cognisable by the senses,
find their way into the mind, just as, in a sap-tree, sap flows
out wherever man cuts it with an axe (S.iv.159f).
- Khīravāpikagāma. A village in Ceylon, near the district
of Ambavana (Cv.lxvi.85).
- Khitaka Thera
- Kholakkhiya. An image of the Buddha in Ceylon. King
Udaya I. gave for its maintenance the village of Mahāmaga.
- Khomadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas
ago he was a merchant in Bandhumatī and, having seen Vipassī
Buddha in the street, gave him a linen cloth (khoma). Twenty-seven
kappas ago he was a king named Sindhavasandana.
- Khomadussa Sutta
- Khomadussaka. An inhabitant of
- Khudda-Aggabodhi. The name given to Aggabodhi II
He was also called Khuddarājā (Cv.xliv.138).
See Aggabodhi (3).
- Khuddaka Nikāya
- Khuddaka Tissa (Khudda
- Khuddakā. Name of a tribe.
- Khuddaka. The name given to the section on Pācittiya
which occurs in the Sutta Vibhanga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Khuddakañcakunda. A Tamil chief, generally referred
to as Culla-kañcakunda.
- Khuddakavatthu-Khandhaka. The fifth chapter of the
Culla Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Khuddapārinda. A Tamil usurper. He was the brother
of Parinda who had usurped Dhātusena's throne. He reigned for
sixteen years (between 430 and 460
- Khuddarājā. See Khudda-Aggabodhi above.
- Khuddarūpī. See
- Khuddavalikagāma. A harbour in North Ceylon.
- Khujjanāga. Son of Kanittha-Tissa. He was king of
Ceylon (246-248 A.C.).
He was slain by his brother Kuñcanāga.
- Khulū. Probably a wrong reading for
- Khuradhāra. A
Those guilty of abortion are born there.
J. v.269, 274f.
- Khuramāla, Khuramālī. A sea. Once, merchants travelling
from Bhārukaccha lost their
way in it and were rescued by
Suppāraka. In the sea were
fishes with bodies like men and sharp razor-like snouts.
- Kiccārattarayara. A Tamil chief of Cola, an ally
of Nigaladha. Cv.lxxvii.17.
- Kihimbila. One of the villages given by Aggabodhi
IV. for the maintenance of Dāthāsiva's padhānaghara.
- Kikī-Brahmadatta. Son of Suyāma and great grandson
of King Kikī; see Ekadhamma-Savaniya
- Kikumāra. The name of a tribe mentioned in the Apadāna
- Kīlākāra. One of the gardens laid out by Parakkamabāhu
There was a sluice of the Parakkamasamudda at the end of the
garden, and from this sluice branched off the Salalavatī canal
- Kīlakotta. A locality in South India where Lankāpura
fought with the Tamils.
- Kīlāmandapa. A building in Parakkamabāhu's Dīpuyyāna.
There the king used to amuse himself with "connoisseurs of the
merry mood." Cv.lxxiii.117.
- Kīlanakhanda. The section of the
which deals with the capture of Bhūridatta and the preparations
for an exhibition of his dancing powers.
- Kilañjadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-four kappas
ago he was a worker in reeds in Tivarā and gave a mat of rushes
to be offered to the Buddha Siddhattha. Seventy-seven kappas
ago he was a king named Jutindhara (v.l. Jalandhara).
- Kilañjakāsanasālā. A building in Anurādhapura, mentioned
in connection with Pitamalla Thera.
- Kīlenilaya. A town in South India on the borders
of Madhurā. Cv.lxxvii.83.
- Kilesa Samyutta. The twenty-seventh division of the
Samyutta Nikāya. S. iii.232-4.
- Kilesa Sutta
- Kilesamāra. See
- Kilesiya Sutta
- Kimattha Sutta.When Paribbājakas, holding other
views, should ask why members of the Buddha's Order live the
holy life, the reply should be "for the full understanding of
dukkha." They should also be told of the way to such understanding.
- Kimatthi Sutta
- Kimatthiya Sutta
- Kimbilā Sutta
- Kimbila Sutta. Records the conversation which took
place at Veluvana (Niceluvana?) in
Kimbila and the Buddha, regarding
the continuance of the Doctrine after the Buddha's death.
A.iii.247, 339; iv.84.
- Kimbila Vagga. The twenty-first section of the Pañcaka
Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. It contains ten suttas of which
the Kimbila Sutta is the first.
- Kimbila, Kimila, Kimmila
- Kimila, Kimilā. See Kimbila,
Kimpakka Jātaka (No.85)
- Kimsīla Sutta
- Kimsukā Sutta
- Kimsukapūjaka Thera.- An arahant. Ninety-four kappas
ago he had offered a kimsuka-flower to the Buddha Siddhattha.
- Kimsukapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas
ago he had offered a kimsuka-flower to the Buddha (Ap.ii.435).
In the Theragāthā Commentary his verses are attributed to two
different theras: Jambugāmiya (ThagA.ii.86f)
and Somamitta (ThagA.ii.268).
- Kimsukavatthu. A village in Rohana. Here the forces
of Rakkha and Bhūta fought a fierce battle against their enemies.
- Kimsukopama Sutta. Mentioned in the
the same as the Kimsukā Sutta.
- Kiñcikkha Sutta. See
- Kiñcisanghā. Daughter of Kākavannatissa's minister
- Kindada Sutta. Records part of a conversation between
a deva and the Buddha at Jetavana. The deva asks what one should
give in order to obtain certain results, such as strength, beauty,
etc. - the Buddha explains.
- Kiñjaka. See Giñjaka ??.
- Kiñjakesara (v.l. Kiñcakesara). Sixty-eight kappas
ago there were four kings of this name, all previous births
of Bimbijāliya Thera.
- Kinkinikapupphiya Thera
- Kinnara Jātaka = Bhattātiya Jātaka. Found on the
Bhīlsa Tope under this name, evidently to distinguish it from
the Candakinnara Jātaka.
See Cunningham: Bhilsa Tope, Pl.27.
- Kinnarā. Wife of Kandari, king of Benares. See
- Kinnughandu. One of the great Yakkhas, mentioned
in the Ātānātiya Sutta,
to be invoked when disciples of the Buddha are worried by evil
spirits (D.iii.204). He
is one of the vassals of the Four Regent Gods (D.ii.258).
- Kinti Sutta
- Kipillikā. See
- Kirāta. Probably the name given to a tribe of jungle
men. Their language is classed with those of the Ottas, the
Andhakas, the Yonakas and the Tamils, as a language of the Milakkhas
(non-Aryans). E.g., DA.i.176;
VibhA.388; see also
Zimmer: Altind. Leben 34.
- Kirāti. A locality in Ceylon, near Alisāra. There
Māyāgeha once captured a fortification (Cv.lxx.165).
Kirāti may be the name of a tiny river. See
- Kirāvāpi. A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxviii.47);
the modern Kiraveva. Cv.Trs.i.280, n.5.
- Kirindagāma. A village in Rohana.
Cv.lxxiv.97; for its
identification see Cv.Trs.ii.30,
- Kiriya Sutta. The three ways (dāna, sīla, bhāvanā)
of acquiring merit, considered in the eight different results
produced according as the one or the other is practised, in
small measure or great. A.iv.241f
- Kisāgotamī Vatthu
- Kitāgiri Sutta
- Kitava. King of Benares. His son became known in
this Buddha-age as Kundinagariya Thera (PvA.177f; 263f). From
the Petavatthu (iv.7) Kitava would appear to be the king, not
of Benares but of Rājagaha (Giribbaja).
- Kittā. See Kitti (12).
- Kittaggabodhipabbata. A tank restored by Vijayabāhu
- Kittakandaka. A tank restored by Gajabāhu.
- Kittigāma. A village in Ceylon, near Kotapabbata.
It was the birthplace of Theraputtābhaya, one of Dutthagāmani's
chief warriors. Mhv.xxiii.55.
- Kittinissanka-vihāra. A monastery built by
Kittinissanka and adorned
with one hundred pāsādas. He made endowments for its maintenance.
- Kittirājavālukagāma. A village in Rohana. A battle
was fought there during the campaigns of Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kittisena. Son and successor of Kumāradhātusena.
He reigned only for nine months and was killed by his mother's
brother, Sīva (Cv.xli.4).
- Kittisīhasūra. An important officer of state in Burma
who, in 1531, wrote a Samvannanā on the Abhidhānappadīpikā.
Bode: op. cit., p.67.
- Kittisirirājasīha. King of Ceylon (1767-1782
A.C.). For details of
his reign see Cv.xcix.
- Koccha. See
- Kocchagalla. A Sāmanera who went from Ceylon to Amarapura
in 1662 of the Kaliyuga era.
- Koddhangulikedāra. A place near Nālanda in Ceylon,
mentioned in the account of Parakkamabāhu I campaigns against
- Kodha Vagga/Sutta
- Kodhabhakkha. A Rapāvacara Brahmā, who came to test
Sakka's patience and sat on his throne.
- Kodhana Sutta
- Kohāla. A tank in Ceylon, built
by Vasabha (Mhv.Xxxv.95).
It was near Mahā-Titthapattana (MT.653).
- Kohombagāma. A village near Pulatthipura, where a
battle took place between the forces of Gajabāhu and those of
Parakkamabāhu I. (Cv.lxx.320).
- Kokā. A palace occupied by Siddattha Buddha in his
last lay-life. Bu.xvii.14.
- Kokāli. The name of a country, a town and a setthi,
all connected with Kokālika. See
- Kokālika (Kokāliya)
- Kokālika (Kokāliya) Sutta
- Kokanuda (Kokanada)
- Kokanuda Sutta. The conversation between Ananda and
- Kokavāta. A district in Ceylon. Mahāsena built there
a great vihāra and constructed a tank.
- Kokila Vagga. The fourth section of the Catukka Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kokilā. Daughter of Ekarāja and sister of Candakumāra.
- Kola, Kolanagara. See
- Kola. See Kolika.
- Kolabhinna. A river in Ceylon, near Subhagiri (Yapahu).
- Koladāyaka Thera. An arahant. He was a hermit in
the time of Sikhī Buddha, and, seeing the Buddha alone, gave
him a kola (jujube)fruit (Ap.ii.397).
He is probably identical with Gayā Kassapa.
- Koladdhajana. An ancient work, a Commentary (probably
in Sanskrit?); it was written by a certain minister at the request
of the Elder Pāsādika (Gv.,
- Kolakā. Mentioned in a list of tribes.
- Kolambagāmaka. A tank built by King Vasabha.
- Kolambapura. The same as Kolambatittha.
- Kolambatittha. The Pāli equivalent for the modern
city of Colombo. Cv.xciv.1;
- Kolañña, also called Samana-Kolañña. A cakkavatti,
king of Kālinga. He travelled through the air, mounted on his
state elephant, but he could not pass over the Bodhi-tree.
cp. J. iv.232, which evidently
refers to him, though the name is not given.
- Kolapattana. A harbour mentioned in the Milindapañha
(p.359); it was perhaps on the Koromandel coast. Questions of
King Milinda, xliv.
- Kolavāpi. A tank dedicated by Silāmeghavanna to the
stone image in the Abhayagiri Vihāra.
- Kolika, Kolita. See
- Kolita Sutta. Mahāmoggallāna tells the monks at Jetavana
how, when he had entered the Second Jhāna, in his effort to
attain to the "Ariyan Silence," the Buddha appeared to him and
exhorted him to persist in it (S.ii.273).
- Kolita Vihāra. A monastery, probably in Ceylon; the
residence of Catunikāyika Thera.
- Koliyadhītā, Koliyarājadhītā. See
- Koliyaputta. An epithet of
Kakudha, Moggallāna's attendant. Vin ii.185;
- Koliyavessa. See
- Kolūru. A district in South India.
- Koluvukkotta. A stronghold in South India, once occupied
- Koluvura. A village in South India.
- Komārabhacca (Komārabhanda).See
- Komāyaputta. A brahmin; see
- Komba. Chief of the umbrella-bearers of Gajabāhu.
He had a fortress in Mallavālāna from which he was dislodged
by the Malayarāyara of Vālikākhetta. Later he fought a naval
battle in Muttākara. Cv.lxx.60f.
- Konāgamana (Konāgamana)
- Konāgamana Sutta. The thoughts that came to Konāgamana
before his Enlightenment, regarding birth, decay and death.
- Koñcā. One of the palaces occupied by Dīpankara Buddha
in his last lay life. Bu.ii.208.
- Kondā. See
- Kondadhāna. See
- Kondañña Sutta
- Kondivāsa. A district in Ceylon.
- Konduruva. A locality in Ceylon, where Mānābharana
(2) once took refuge. Cv.lxxii.231; see
- Kongamangala. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Kongu. The name of two districts in South India (Cv.lxxvi.173).
they are spoken of as Tenkongu and Vadakongu.
- Kontadisāvijaya. A general of Manābharana (q.v. 2).
- Kontaratthapabbata Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon,
the residence of Mahānāga Thera. When Kākavannatissa heard from
a crow of the monk's death he went there and held great celebrations.
- Kontiputta. See
- Korabya, Koravya, Korabba
- Korabya. One of Kālāsoka's ten sons.
- Korakalamba (Korakalambaka).Younger brother of Kapila,
the chaplain of Apacara. See Kapila
(2). J. iii.454f.
- Korakkhatta (Korakkhattiya)
- Korandaka Vihāra
- Korandavanna. One of the ten sons of
- Koratiya. One of the greater Yakkhas who should be
invoked by a follower of the Buddha when assailed by evil spirits.
- Koravyasettha. A title used for
- Kosala Samyutta. The third section of the Samyutta
Nikāya (S.i.68-102). It
contains discourses connected with Pasenadi Kosala.
- Kosala Sutta
- Kosalā. See
- Kosalabimbavannanā. A book containing an account
of an image built by Pasenadi, king of Kosala, and of the merit
of building images. The work was probably written about the
thirteenth or fourteenth century. Quotations from it are given
in the Saddhammasangaha.
- Kosalakā. The inhabitants of
- Kosalanagara. See
- Kosalarājā. See
- Kosalarañño-parājaya Vatthu. The story of
Pasenadi and of his great discomfiture
and disgust on being defeated three times by
- Kosambaka Sutta. See
- Kosambaka Vatthu. The, story of the quarrelsome monks
- Kosambakā. The monks of Kosambī (q.v.), who brought
about schism in the Order.
- Kosambakkhandha. The tenth section of the Mahāvagga
of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.i.334-59.
- Kosambakuti. One of the residences at Jetavana occupied
by the Buddha. SnA.ii.403.
- Kosambī Jātaka (No.428)
- Kosambī Sutta
- Kosambika. Name of a king of
Kosambī. See also Kosambaka
above. J. iv.56.
- Kosambivāsī-Tissa. See Tissa.
- Kosambiya (Kosambaka) Sutta
- Kosika, Kosiya
- Kosikī. A river, probably a branch of the Ganges.
It flowed from Himavā, and on its bank was a mango-grove three
leagues in extent. J.
v.2, 5, 6.
- Kosinārakā. Inhabitants of
(No.130, 226, 470)
- Kosiya Vagga 1. The second chapter of the Tika Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kosiya Vagga 2. The second section of the Nissaggiya
of the Vinaya Pitaka. Vin.iii.224-42;
- Kosiya, Kosiyagotta
- Kosiyā. The wicked wife of the
Kosiya Jātaka 1.
- Kosiyagotta. An arahant. He is mentioned in a list
of theras who handed down the Abhidhamma up to the Third Council.
- Kosiyāyana. A brahmin of Kāsi, his wife being called
Kosiyāyani. Their story is given in the Rādha Jātaka.
- Kosumbaphaliya Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas
ago he saw the Buddha Sikhī and gave him a kosumba-fruit (Ap.ii.449).
He is evidently identical with Usabha Thera (ThagA.ii.320).
- Kota. A Tamil general in charge of the fortification
at Kotanagara, which was captured by Dutthagāmanī in his campaign
against the Tamils. Mhv.xxv.13.
- Kotagerukapāsāda. A building attached to the Cittalapabbata-vihāra.
Bhāgineyya-Sangharakkhita once lived there, and, during his
illness, eight thousand arahants and Sakka, with the devas of
the two deva-worlds, waited on him.
- Kotalavāpigāma. A village in Ceylon. A story is told
of how the wife of the chief householder in the village was
put in bonds by the king's tax-gatherers, under the contact
that she was a serving-woman. v.l. Kālavāpigāma.
- Kotalla. Evidently the Pāli equivalent of Kautilya.
He is mentioned in the Cūlavamsa as the author of a work on
and also of a work on methods of warfare.
Cv.lxx.56; see also
and 291, n.3.
- Kotapabbata (Kotipabbata)
- Kotigāma Vagga. The third chapter of the Sacca Samyutta
of the Samyutta Nikāya (S.v.431-7).
The first sutta was preached at Kotigāma.
- Kotipabbata. See
- Kotipassāva. A monastery built by Dhātusena (Cv.xxxviii.46).
If it be identical with Kotipassāvana (q.v.), it was merely
restored by Dhātusena.
- Kotipassāvana. A monastery erected by Mahānāma (Cv.xxxvii.212).
It is probably the same as Kotipassāva.
- Kotisimbali-Niraya. A Niraya where those guilty of
misdemeanours, such as adultery, are born.
- Kottamālaka. See
- Kottanāga-pabbata (v.1. for Tobbalanāga-pabbata).
- Kottapattana. A ford in Ceylon.
- Kottha(Kotthi)-vāta. A district in Ceylon in which
were the villages of Piyangalla (Mhv.Xxx.29)
and Devatissa. Cv.xlviii.2.
- Kottha. The drum of
which he gave to Mānavamma in order that the latter might induce
the people to accompany him in the ships. When they heard the
drum they thought it was beaten by Narasīha and forthwith went
on board. Cv.x1vii.51.
- Kotthabhadda. A great causeway on the river Jaggarā.
It was restored by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.1xviii.16).
It was so called because the land on either side of it became,
as a result of its construction, studded with granaries full
of untrussed rice (abaddhavīhi).
- Kotthāgāma. A wealthy village given by Udaya I. (?)
to the temple of the Vaddhamāna Bodhi-tree.
- Kotthamalaya. See
- Kotthasāla. A village in Ceylon, probably the same
as Kotthasāra. Ras.ii.24.
- Kotthita (Kotthika).See
- Kotthita Sutta
- Kotthumala. A hill in the Māyārattha in Ceylon. The
Almsbowl and the Tooth Relic of the Buddha were once buried
there by Vācissara as a protection from enemies. Later, Vijayabāhu
III. had them removed to Jambuddoni.
also Cv. Trs.ii.137,
- Kotūhalaka. A poor man of Addilarattha, a previous
birth of Ghosakasetthi (q.v.). His wife was Kāli and his son
DhA. says he was of
- Kotumbara. A country celebrated for the excellence
of its cloth. v.l. Kodumbara.
J. vi.51 (also 47), 500,
501; Mil.2, 331.
- Kotumbariya Thera. An arahant. Thirty-one kappas
ago he gave to Sikkhī Buddha seven flowers wrapped in kotumbara-cloth.
Twenty kappas ago he was a king named Mahānela. v.l. Kotumbariya.
- Kovariyaputta. See
- Kovilāragāma. A village in Ceylon where a battle
took place between Mahinda II. and the three Ādipādas who had
risen against him. Mahinda was victorious.
- Kubbikāla. See
- Kubbugāma. See Kumbugāma.
- Kubera. See
- Kubukandanadī. A river in Ceylon. On its banks was
the Samudda-vihāra (Mhv.Xxxiv.90).
- Kubūlagalla. A locality in Rohana. It was one of
the strongholds captured by Vijayabāhu I.
- Kuddadhāna. See
- Kuddāla (Kuddālaka)-pandita
Kuddāla Jātaka (No.70)
- Kuddālamandala. A village in Rohana. Here a battle
took place between the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. and his enemies
- Kuddarajja. Probably a district in Rohana. See also
- Kuddavātakapāsāna. A rock in Pāsānatittha (q.v.).
- Kuha Sutta. Monks who are cheats, stubborn and uncontrolled,
are no followers of the Buddha.
A.ii.26; found also in
It.113, cf. Thag.959.
Kuhaka Jātaka (No.89)
- Kuhaka Sutta. Five qualities, such as deceitfulness,
which make a monk disagreeable to his fellow monks.
- Kukku Jātaka (No.396)
- Kukku Vagga. The first section of the Sutta Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kukkuha. See
- Kukkula Sutta. The Ariyan disciple feels aversion
from body, feeling, etc., because he knows that they are a mass
of glowing embers. S.
- Kukkula Vagga. The fourteenth chapter of the Khandha
Samyutta. S. iii.177-80.
Kukkura Jātaka (No
- Kukkura. A rock near Himavā. The Buddha Vipassī once
visited it, and Pupphathūpiya lived there in a previous birth
- Kukkurovāda. See
Kukkura Jātaka (1).
- Kukkutagiri. A place in Ceylon. Buddhaghosa says
(SA.iii.50) that it was
so called because it was there that Saddhātissas attendant,
Tissa (see Tissa 43), refused to kill some pheasants and set
them free at the risk of losing his own life.
- Kukkutārāma Sutta. Three suttas which contain discussions
between Ananda and Bhadda, at the Kukkutārāma in Pātaliputta,
regarding the righteous life (S.v.15f).
- Kukkutasūkara Sutta. Few abstain from accepting fowls
and swine, many do not. S.
- Kukkutika. See Gokulika.
- Kukkuttha. See Kakudha (5).
- Kukkutthā. See Kakutthā.
- Kukutthā. A river; see Kakutthā.
- Kula Sutta
- Kula Thera. See
- Kulaghara. See Kuraraghara.
- Kulagharanī Sutta. See Ogālha Sutta.
- Kulālitissa. A monastery in Ceylon. Over the thūpa
in the monastery King Vohārika-Tissa erected a parasol.
- Kulanta-vāpi (Kulattha-vāpi). A tank to the south
of Anurādhapura. In the battle between the forces of Dutthagāmanī
and Elāra the water in the tank was dyed red with blood of the
slain, hence the name. Mhv.xxv.66.
- Kulaputta Sutta. Clansmen who go forth into homelessness
do so in order to gain full comprehension of the Four Noble
Truths. This is true for all time.
- Kulaputtena-dukkhā Sutta. Three suttas. A clansman
who goes forth should live (1) in aversion from body etc., or
(2) seeing impermanence in them, or (3) seeing no soul in them.
- Kulavaddhaka. Given as a name used ironically to
insult another. Vin.iv.8.
- Kulavaddhana. A rich merchant of Sudassana (Benares)
who tried to stop his king, Sutasoma, from renouncing the world
by offering him all his wealth. He is identified with (Mahā?)
Kassapa. J. v.185, 192.
- Kulāvaka Sutta. The story of Sakka's flight from
the Asuras. When he saw the Garulas crushed under his chariot
wheels, he asked his driver, Mātali, to turn back and risk death
at the hands of the Asuras. But the Asuras fled (S.i.224).
cp. Kulāvaka Jātaka.
- Kulāvaka Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Eka Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kulinga. The name of a clan, probably Sinhalese.
Mahinda VI. belonged to this clan (Cv.lxxx.15).
The Kulingas were among the tribes sent to Ceylon by Asoka with
the Bodhi-tree. Mhv.Xix.2;
see also Mhv. Trs.128,
n.2, and Cv.Trs.i.29,
n.2, and ii.126, n.5.
- Kulla Thera
- Kulumba Sutta
- Kulumbari-kannikā. A district in Ceylon; the birthplace
of Mahā Sona (Mhv.Xxiii.45).
According to the Mahāvamsa Commentary it was in Rohana.
- Kulupaka Sutta
- Kumāputta. See Nanda Kumāputta.
- Kumāputtasahāya. See Sudatta (11).
- Kumāra 1.Father of Bhārana. He lived in Kappakandara.
- Kumāra 2.Name of the god Skanda. He rode on a peacock.
It is said that Kumāra gave a boon to Mānavamma.
Cv.lvii.7, 10; see
also Hopkins: Epic Mythology, p.227.
- Kumāra Sutta
- Kumāradhātusena (Kumāradāsa). Son of Moggallāna I,
and king of Ceylon (513-522
A.C.). His son was Kittisena
tells of his friendship with a poet Kālidisa. The authorship
of the Jānakīharana is generally ascribed to him (Cv.Trs.i.51,
- Kumāra-Kassapa-thera Vatthu. The story of Kumāra-Kassapa
(q.v.) and his mother. DhA.iii.144ff.
- Kumārapabba. The section of the Vessantara Jātaka
which deals with the giving away of Vessantara's children to
Jūjaka. J. vi.555.
- Kumārapeta Vatthu
- Kumārasena. Brother of Dhātusena. He helped Dhātusena
to crush the Tamils, and was amply rewarded for his services.
- Kumārasīha. Son of Vimaladhammasūriya; he was adopted
by King Senāratana and given the province of Uva. He died young.
- Kumāribhūta Vagga. The eighth section of the Bhikkhunī
- Kumāriya Sutta. Few abstain from accepting women
or girls, many do not. S.
- Kumba. See Kumbagāma.
- Kumbagāma. A Tamil stronghold near Anurādhapura,
which was captured by Dutthagāmani. It was commanded by Kumba
- Kumbālaka. One of the. tanks built by Mahāsena.
- Kumbalatissa-pabbata. A mountain in Ceylon.
- Kumbalavāta. A locality near Anurādhapura; through
it passed the boundary of the Mahāvihāra (Mhv. p.332;
Kumbha Jātaka (No.512)
- Kumbha Sutta
- Kumbha Vagga. The fifth chapter of the Tika Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kumbhandā. A class of beings (fairies or gnomes)
grouped with Yakkhas, Rakkhasas, Asuras and others. Virūlha
is their king. They have large bellies (kumbhanda = gourd),
and their genitals are also large like pots (kumbho viya), hence
their name. D.iii.198;
- Kumbhapura. The residence of Kisavaccha (MA.ii.599);
it is evidently another name for Kumbhavatī (q.v.).
- Kumbhavatī. A city in the
kingdom of King Dandaki.
Kisavaccha lived in the
park near there. J. iii.463;
- Kumbhigallaka. A monastery in Ceylon. Vasabha built
an uposatha-house there. Mhv..xxxv.86.
- Kumbhīla Jātaka (No.206).Evidently another version
of the Vānarinda Jātaka,
though the scholiast refers to another Kumbhīla Jātaka for particulars
(thus in all MSS). J.
- Kumbhīla Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon.
- Kumbhīlasobbha. A tank restored by Vijayabāhu I.
(Cv.lx.50), and later
by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.33.
- Kumbhīlavānaka. A river in Ceylon which joins the
see also Cv.Trs.i.279,
- Kumbiyangana. See
- Kumbugāma (v.l. Kubbugāma).
A village in Rohana. It is mentioned in the campaigns of Damilādhakārī
- Kumbulapabbata. A mountain in Ceylon. Ariyagālatissa
found sixty treasure troves there.
- Kumma Sutta
- Kummāsadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas
ago, having nothing else to give, he put sour gruel into the
bowl of Vipassī Buddha (Ap.ii.415).
He is evidently identical with Sīvaka Thera.
- Kumudadāyaka Thera
Kunāla Jātaka (No.536)
- Kunālā. The name of a river (mahānadī) which flows
out of the Kunāladaha. It dries up when, at the end of the kappa,
the fourth sun rises. A.iv.101.
- Kunappunallura. A market town in South India in the
district of Viraganga (Cv.lxxvi.131).
- Kuñcanāga, Kuñjanāga
- Kunda. A yakkha who once inhabited a forest, called
Kundadhāna (UdA.122) after him.
- Kundaka-kumāra. The lay name of the ascetic
- Kundakasindhavapotaka Jātaka. See
- Kundala (v.l. Kulakundala)
- Kundalakesā, Kundalakesī. See
- Kundalakesittheri Vatthu. The story of
- Kundalī Sutta. Records the visit of
Kundaliya to the Buddha.
- Kundalinī. The name given to the offspring of the
sārikā(myna)-bird in the
Tesakuna Jātaka. She is identified with Uppalavannā.
- Kundalinī-pañha. The questions asked by the king
and the answers given by Kundalinī, as stated in the Tesakuna
Jātaka. J. v.120.
- Kundarāyana. See
- Kundasālā. A suburb of Sirivaddhanapura (Kandy),
on the banks of the Mahāvāluka-gangā. It was laid out by King
Narindasīha, who made it his favourite residence (Cv.xcvii.34).
Kittisirirājasīha planned its garden and erected a vihāra.
- Kundavana. See
- Kundayamutta. A Tamil chief, ally of Kulasekhara.
He was defeated in battle by Lankāpura.
- Kundayankotta (?). A locality in South India, where
Lankāpura once pitched his camp (Cv.lxxvi.176).
- Kundi, Kundiya
- Kundinagariya Thera. The name given to Potthapāda
because he was born and brought up in Kundi. He lived in the
- Kunditthâna. See
- Kundiyā. See
- Kunhāna. See
- Kuñjara 1.Devānampiyatissa's elephant, tied to the
plough which marked the sīmā of the Mahāvihāra.
Dpv. xiv.28; Mbv.134;
see also Mhv., p.331.
- Kuñjara 2.One of the chief lay patrons of Revata
- Kuñjarahinaka. A monastery built by Lañjatissa.
- Kunta. A throne (for an image) which was originally
in the Pācina-vihāra of the Theravādins, and was later set up
beside the Bodhi-tree of the Abhayagiri-vihāra by Silākāla (Cv.xli.31).
- Kuntamālaka. A locality
near Anurādhapura through which passed the boundary of the Mahā-vihāra.
It was the point from which the king started to mark the sīmā.
v.l. Kotthamālaka. (Mhv., p.331;
Dpv. xiv.28, 33).
Kuntani Jātaka (No.343)
- Kuntavarā. The soldiers of a district in South India
who fought against the Sinhalese force that invaded their territory
were subdued by the Kesa-dhātu Kitti (Cv.lxxvi.259).
- Kuntī. A kinnarī, mother of the
and Sumitta. Their father was
a former inhabitant of Pātaliputta.
- Kupikkala. The birthplace
of the Elder Mahā-Tissa. v.l. Kuvikkala, Kubbikāla, Kutthikula.
- Kuppa Sutta. The monk who has the four patisambhidā
and has an emancipated mind realises that which is unshakable
- Kupuvena. A village and a monastery. The story of
a sāmanera of the monastery, as given in the Majjhima Commentary
(MA.ii.700), is similar,
except in regard to the names, to the story given under Kabupelanda
- Kuraragham-Papāta-pabbata. See
- Kuraragharikā. See
- Kuraraghariya-Sona. The name by which Sona Kutikanna
is some-times referred to. E.g.,
- Kuravakagalla. A place in Rohana where Damilādhikārī
Rakkha defeated his enemies.
- Kureñjiyaphaladāyaka (Kuruñjiya°) Thera. An arahant.
Thirty-one kappas ago he was a hunter, and having seen the Buddha
Sikhī in the forest, he gave him a kureñjiya-fruit (Ap.ii.448f).
He is evidently identical with Sona-Setthiputta Thera (ThagA.ii.316f).
- Kurudeva. A poor man, who
lived in Vattura Vihāra, eating large quantities of food and
doing no work. Listening to the advice of a monk, he took the
five precepts and fed fishes with a part of his meal. He was
later born as Mahānela.
- Kurudhamma = the
- Kurukaccha. Probably a wrong reading for
- Kurukhetta. Another name for the country of the
- Kurumba. A Tamil chief, subdued by Lankāpura.
- Kurumbāndanakali. A locality in South India, where
a great battle was fought between Lankāpura and Kulasekhara
- Kurundacullaka. A parivena in the Jetavana-vihāra
in Ceylon, the residence of Dāthāvedhaka.
- Kurundankundiya. A locality in South India.
- Kurundapillaka. A monastery in Ceylon. Potthakuttha
erected a pāsāda there (Cv.xlvi.21).
- Kurundavāpi. A tank built by Aggabodhi I. (Cv.xlii.15;
- Kurundavāsoka-Vihāra. A monastery built by Khallātanāga
- Kurundavelu. A vihāra in Ceylon, where was compiled
- Kurunda-Vihāra. A monastery built by Aggabodhi I.
and dedicated to all three fraternities (Cv.xlii.15).
- Kurundī. A village in Ceylon.
- Kurundīrattha. See Kurundī above.
- Kurundiya-Vihāra. A monastery repaired by Vijayabāhu
I. (Cv.lx.60); probably
identical with Kurunda-Vihāra.
Jātaka (No.21, 206)
- Kurungamiga Vagga. The third section of the Eka Nipāta
of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kuruvaka-tittha. A secluded bathing-place in a large
pond near the Cittalapabbata-vihāra (MA.ii.1025).
- Kusa Jātaka (No.531)
- Kusaghara. A city (?). The Buddha's lower robe (nivāsana)
was deposited there after his death.
- Kusalā Sutta 1.Conditions which are on the side
of goodness have their root in earnestness (appamāda); the earnest
monk cultivates the seven bojjhangas.
- Kusalā Sutta 2. Similar to No.1. The conditions have
their root in yoniso-manasikāra.
- Kusalarāsi Sutta 1. The five hindrances (nivarana)
could rightly be called a heap of demerit and the five satipatthānas
a heap of merit. S. v.145.
- Kusalarāsi Sutta 2. The four satipatthānas could
rightly be called a heap of merit.
- Kusamāli. One of the seas through which the mariner
Suppāraka (q.v.) piloted his ship. It was full of emeralds and
looked like an expanse of dark kusa-grass. Its full name was
- Kusamba (Kusumba). A sage (isi), on the site of whose
hermitage was built the city which came, for that reason, to
be called Kosambī. SnA.i.300;
UdA.248; PsA.413; see
also Rāmāyana i.34.
- Kusanāli Vagga. The thirteenth chapter of the Eka
Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kusatthakadāyaka Thera. An arahant. In the time of
Kassapa Buddha he was a brahmin and gave the Buddha kusatthaka
(eight handfuls of kusa-grass?) (Ap.ii.416).
He is evidently to be identified with Migasira Thera.
- Kusima. See Kusumī below.
- Kusinārā Sutta
- Kusinārā Vagga. The thirteenth chapter of the Tīkā
Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya.
A.i.274-84; for a summary
of its contents see A.v.381.
- Kusinārā Vihāra. A monastery built by Parakkamabāhu
I. in a suburb of Pulatthipura, called Sīhapura. It consisted
of three image houses, each containing three storeys, six pāsādas,
lxxviii.84; also Cv.Trs.ii.18,
- Kusinātā. One of the cities of
- Kusīta Sutta 1. A woman who is faithless, shameless,
unscrupulous, indolent and of weak wisdom is reborn in purgatory.
- Kusīta Sutta 2.Eight occasions on which a monk is
apt to become indolent (A.iv.332f).
- Kusumamūlagāma. A village near Padumanagara, residence
of the Thera Dhammadhara. (Sās.163)
- Kusumanagara. The Pāli name for the city now known
as Bassein, in Burma ( Bode,
op. cit., 24). Near the city was the birthplace of Chapata.
Sās.74; see also pp.41, 43, 147; Ind. Ant. 1893, xxi.17.
- Kusumapura. See
- Kusumārāma. Another name for Pupphārāma. (Cv.
- Kusumī. A seaport in Rāmañña where a part of the
Sinhalese expeditionary force sent by Parakkamabāhu I. landed
in five ships (Cv.lxxvi.59).
It is probably the same as Kusumatittha mentioned in the Sāsanavamsa
(E.g., pp.66, 90) as a seaport. v.l. Kusima.
- Kūta Sutta
- Kutakannatissa (Kutikannatissa)
- Kūtāli Vihāra. A monastery in Rohana, founded by
There Malaya-Deva Thera once preached the Cha-Cakka Sutta, and
sixty monks who listened to him became arahants (MA.ii.1024).
This may be identical with the Kutelitissa Vihāra (q.v.).
- Kūtatissa Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon. Sena II
gave to it a maintenance village.
Cv.li.74. In the pillar
inscription of Mahinda IV. in Polonnaruva it is mentioned as
the Kututisa-rad-maha-veher (Ep. Zey.ii.50).
Jātaka (No. 98, 218)
- Kutendu. A vassal of the
present at the preaching of the
Mahā Samaya Sutta.
- Kuthārasabhā. Some sort of council chamber, probably
attached to the Court in Ceylon. Kittisirimegha is mentioned
as employing the services of the head of the sabhā to fetch
the prince Parakkamabāhu from his retreat (Cv.lxvi.61).
- Kuthāri-vihāra. A monastery in Ambatthakola used
by Moggallāna I. as his headquarters in his campaign against
Kassapa I. Cv.xxxix.21.
- Kutidāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety-one kappas ago
he made a hut for a Buddha. Thirty-eight kappas ago he was king
sixteen times under the name of Sabbattha-abhivassī.
- Kutidhūpaka Thera. An arahant. In a past birth he
looked after the cell of Siddhattha Buddha and burnt incense
in it from time to time. Ap.i.223f.
- Kutidūsaka Vagga. The third chapter of the Catukka
Nipāta of the Jātaka Commentary.
- Kuttāndāra. A Tamil chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara,
defeated by Lankāpura.
- Kuttapiti. A large village given by Kittisirirājasīha
for the maintenance of the sacred Footprint in Samanakūta.
- Kutthuka. The general of Sena II. He built the parivena,
which was called Senasenāpati (Cv.li.88).
See also Potthakuttha.
- Kutumbiya Vihāra. A monastery in Ceylon. It was once
the residence of Tissamahānāga Thera (q.v.).
- Kutumbiyangana. A village
in Ceylon in the district of Giri. It was the birthplace of
Velusumana. v.l. Kumbiyangana.
- Kuvera (Kubera)
- Kuveradvāra. One of the fourteen gates of Pulatthipura,
erected by Parakkamabāhu I.
- Kuvera-nālinī. A name given to
- Kyānagāma. A village in the Malaya country, not far
from Pulatthipura. Lankādhikāri Kitti once encamped there (Cv.lxx.283,
300; lxxii.207), and Parakkamabāhu I. went there disguised as
a musician. Cv.lxxii.264.