A town near Rājagaha, (according to
one league away. The Buddha is mentioned as having several times stayed there
during his residence in Pāvārika's mango grove, and while there he had
discussions with Upāli-Gahapati and
Dīghatapassī (S.ii.110; M.i.376ff.), with
Kevatta (D.i.211ff.), and also several conversations with
ii. 311 23).
The Buddha visited Nālandā during his last tour through
Magadha, and it was there that
Sāriputta uttered his "lion's roar," affirming
his faith in the Buddha, shortly before his death (D.ii.81f.; iii.99ff.;
S.v.159ff.). The road from Rājagaha to Nālandā passed through
(D.ii.81; Vin.ii.287), and from Nālandā it went on to
Between Rājagaha and Nālandā was situated the Bahuputta cetiya (S.ii.220).
According to the Kevatta Sutta (D.i.211), in the Buddha's
time Nālandā was already an influential and prosperous town, thickly populated,
though it was not till later that it became the centre of learning for which it
afterwards became famous. There is a record in the Samyutta Nikāya (S.iv.322),
of the town having been the victim of a severe famine during the Buddha's time.
Nālandā was the residence of Sonnadinnā (VvA.144).
Nigantha Nātaputta is several times mentioned as staying at Nālandā,
which was evidently a centre of activity of the Niganthas.
Hsouien Thsang (Beal.: op. cit., ii.167f ) gives several
explanations of the name Nālandā. One is that it was named after the Nāga who
lived in a tank in the middle of the mango grove. Another -
and accepted by him - is that the Bodhisatta
once had his capital here and gave "alms without intermission," hence the name.
Nālanda is, in the northern
books, given as the name of Sāriputta's birthplace (see Nālaka).
Nālanda is identified with the modern Baragaon (CAGI.
A village in the central province of Ceylon. Once
Parakkamabāhu I. occupied a camp there, and it is several times mentioned in the
accounts of his campaigns. Cv.lxx.167, 207; lxxii.169.
1. Nālandā Sutta
A conversation between the Buddha and Upāligahapati in
Pāvārika's mango grove, as to why some beings attain full freedom in this world
while others do not. S. iv.110.
2. Nālandā Sutta
Sāriputta's affirmation of faith in the Buddha - there
never was, nor is, nor shall be, anyone possessing higher wisdom than the
Buddha. S. v.159 f.; cp. D.ii.81 and D.iii.99ff.