A village in Kosala, where the
Buddha once stayed and preached the Nalakapāna
Sutta (M.i.462). The village received its name from the Nalakapāna pokkharani
(MA.ii.66 4f.; AA.ii.813). The reason for the name of this pond, which was in
the village, is given in the Nalapāna Jātaka. There were two groves near the
village, the Ketakavana and the
Palāsavana; in the latter,
two sermons at the request of the Buddha. A.v.122f., 125 f.
1. Nalakapāna Sutta
Preached at the Palāsavana in Nalakapāna. The Buddha asks the assembled monks
- among whom are many distinguished members, such as
and others - if they feel they have realized the aim for which they have given
up household life? On their assenting, he proceeds to tell them that when he
claims that he has destroyed the Āsavas and that his disciples have gained
various attainments through his teaching, he does so, not in order to cajole or
to delude others, nor to gain fame and profit for himself, but to hearten and
fill with enthusiasm believing young men, that they may concentrate with their
whole hearts and follow the example of his disciples. M.i.462ff.
2. Nalakapāna Sutta
The Buddha, having preached to the monks in
Palāsavana in Nalakapāna till
late at night, asks Sāriputta to continue, as he has pain in his back and wishes
to rest. Sāriputta thereupon takes up the sermon and tells the monks of the
necessity for saddhā, hiri, ottappa, viriya and paññā, for the performance of
good works. The Buddha returns and praises Sāriputta. A.v.122ff.
3. Nalakapāna Sutta
The circumstances are the same as in (2), but the qualities mentioned by
Sāriputta differ - saddhā, hiri, ottappa, viriya, sotāvadhāna,
dhammadhāranā, atthupaparikkhā, dhammānudhammapatipatti, and appamāda.