A river. After the Enlightenment, the Buddha lived under the
Ajapāla Nigrodha at
Uruvelā, on the banks of this river. There Māra
tempted him, and, later, Brahmā persuaded him
to preach the Dhamma.
Vin.i.1ff.; Sn.vs.425ff.; cp. Mtu.ii.238; Lal.327 (261); S. i.103f; 122,
136ff.; v.167, 185, 232; Ud.i.1 4; ii.1; iii.10; A.ii.20f; D.ii.267.
The Commentaries say (E.g., J. i.68ff.; DhA.i.71; BuA.238) that when the
Buddha, having realized the futility of austerities, left the
Pañcavaggiyas, he retired to Uruvelā, on
the banks of the Nerañjarā, and there, just before the Enlightenment,
Sujātā gave him a meal of milk rice, taking him
to be a god. Before eating the food, he bathed in the ford called
Suppatittha. Under the bed of the river lay
the abode of the Nāga king, Kāla. There was a
sāla grove on the banks, where the Buddha spent the afternoon previous to the
night of the Enlightenment.
Three explanations are given of the name:
- (1) Its waters are pleasant (nelam jalam assā ti = nelañjalā, the r being
substituted for the l);
- (2) it has blue water (nīla jalāyā ti vattabbe Nerañjarāyā ti vuttam);
- (3) it is just simply the name of the river. UdA.26f.
Nadī Kassapa's hermitage was on the bank of
the Nerañjarā (ThagA.ii.45).
Nerañjarā is identified with the modern Nīlājanā, with its source in
Hazaribagh, which, together with the Mohanā, unites to form the river Phalgu.
A channel that branched northwards from the Punnavaddhana tank. Cv.lxxix.49.