A grove near Kapilavatthu, where a
residence was provided for the Buddha when he
visited the city in the first year after his Enlightenment (MA.i.289). It
belonged to a Sākyan named Nigrodha, who gave it to the Order. In order to
convince his proud kinsmen of his attainments, the Buddha performed there the
Yamakapātihāriya, and when, at the
conclusion of the miracle' a shower of rain fell, wetting only those who wished
to be wetted, he related to them the
Vessantara Jātaka (Vin.i.82; J. i.88f.;vi.479; BuA.22; DhA.iii.163; also
Mtu.iii.101, 107, 114,138,141, 179). It wa's during this visit that
Mahāpajāpati Gotamī first asked
permission for women to enter the Order. This was refused, and from there the
Buddha went on to Vesāli (Vin.ii.253; A.iv.274).
The Buddha stayed at the Nigrodhārāma on several other occasions, and several
Vinaya rules are mentioned as being first promulgated there (E.g., Vin.iii.235,
244; iv.55, 101, 167, 181, 262, 314). Various Sākyans came to see the Buddha at
the Nigrodhārāma, among them, Mahānāma,
Nandiya and Vappa (S.v.369 78; 395 7, 403 4, 408; A.ii.196; iii.284; iv.220; v.
83, 328, 332, 334).
The Buddha himself visited Kāligodhā during his residence there. It was
during a discussion with Mahānāma that the
Cula Dukkhakkhandha Sutta was
preached. During one of the Buddha's residences in Nigrodhārāma, the Sākyans
invited him to consecrate their new Mote Hall, which he did by preaching there
far into the night and then asking Moggallāna to continue his discourse
(S.iv.182ff.; also M.i.353, Sekha Sutta). On another occasion the Buddha is
mentioned as having spent a period of convalescence at Nigrodhārāma (A.i.219f );
he was there also when the quarrel broke out between the Sākyans and the
Koliyans regarding the water of the Rohinī (SnA..i.357; but see J. v.413, where he
is said to have been in Sāvatthi). It seems to have been the Buddha's custom,
when staying at Nigrodhārāma, sometimes to spend the noonday siesta in the
Mahāvana near by (E.g., S. iii.91f).
Among others mentioned as having stayed at Nigrodhārāma are
Anuruddha (DhA.iii.295) and
Lomasakangiya. M.iii.200; a deva called
Candana there taught him the Bhaddekaratta
Sutta. Is this Lomasakangīya the same as Lomavangīsa, who is also mentioned
(S.v.327) as having lived in Nigrodhārāma?
Near Nigrodhārāma was once the site of the dwelling of a hermit (isi) called
Kanha. The Buddha, remembering this, once smiled, and, when asked the reason for
his smile, related the Kanha Jātaka
There is a tradition (CypA.1,7; BuA.3) that the Cariyā Pitaka and the
Buddhavamsa were preached by the Buddha to Sāriputta during his first stay in
Nigrodhārāma. It was probably there that Anuruddha's sister built, at his
request, an assembly hall of two storeys for the Sangha (DhA.iii.295f).
Buddhaghosa says (MA.ii.906; M.iii.109f ) that Kāla Khemaka, the Sākyan, built a
special vihāra near Nigrodhārāma, on one side of the grounds.
A grove in Rājagaha. The
Buddha says that there he once gave
Ananda the chance of asking him to live for a
whole aeon, but Ananda missed his opportunity. D.ii.116.