A town in Kosala (D.ii.316), near which was
Anguttara Nikāya (A.ii.37) records a conversation between the
Buddha and the brahmin Dona, whom the Buddha met on the road from Ukkattha to Setavyā. The city
was on the road, taken by Bāvarī's disciples (Sn.vs.1012), from
Sāvatthi to Rājagaha, and was the first halting place outside Sāvatthi. Beyond it were
Kusinārā, Pāvā, etc.
To the north of Setavyā was the Simsapāvana,
where Kumāra Kassapa lived, and where he preached the
Pāyāsi Sutta to the brahmin Pāyāsi, who held a royal fief there (D.ii.316).
The city was the
birthplace of the Theras Ekadhammasavaniya and
brothers Cūlakāla and
Majjhimakāla also lived there (DhA.i.55).
Commentary (AA.ii.504) says that Kassapa Buddha was born in Setavyā, but both
the Buddhavamsa and its Commentary say that he was born in Benares (Bu.xxv.33;
BuA.217). The Buddhavamsa Commentary (BuA.223) records further that Kassapa died
in the Setārāma in Setavyā , but adds that Setavyā was a city in