A mountain, forming the centre of the world. It is
submerged in the sea to a depth of eighty four thousand yojanas and rises above
the surface to the same height. It is surrounded by seven mountain ranges -
- Vinataka and
(SnA..ii.443; Sp.i.119; Vsm.206; cp. Mtu.ii.300; Dvy.217;
it is eighty thousand leagues broad, A.iv.100).
On the top of Sineru is Tāvatimsa (SnA..ii.485f), while at
its foot is the Asurabhavana of ten thousand leagues; in the middle are the four
Mahādīpā with their two thousand smaller dīpā. (The Asurabhavana was not
originally there, but sprang up by the power of the Asuras when they were thrown
down from Tāvatimsa, DhA.i.272; see, e.g., SnA.i.201).
Sineru is often used in similes, its chief characteristic
being its un-shake ability (sutthuthapita) (E.g., Sn. vs.683). It is also called
Meru or Sumeru (E.g., Cv.xlii.2), Hemameru (E.g., Cv.xxxii.79) and Mahāneru
(M.i.338; also Neru, J. iii.247).
Each Cakkavāla has its own Sineru (A.i.227; v.59), and a
time comes when even Sineru is destroyed (S.iii.149).
When the Buddha went to Tāvatimsa, he covered the distance
there from the earth in three strides he set his right foot down on the top of
Yugandhara and his left on Sineru, the next step brought him to Tāvatimsa, the
whole distance so covered being sixty eight hundred thousand leagues.