1. Sumanā. An aggasāvikā of Anomadassī Buddha. J. i.36; Bu.viii.23.
2. Sumanā. Wife of Sirivaddhaka and mother of Mahosadha. J. vi.331.
3. Sumanā. A Nāga maiden, wife of the Nāga king Campeyya. See the
Campeyya Jātaka. She is identified with Rāhulamātā. J. iv.468.
4. Sumanā. Wife of Sumana (14) and mother of Nigrodha-sāmanera.
5. Sumanā. Wife of Sumedha Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xii.20.
6. Sumanā. Called Sumanārājakumārī. She was the
daughter of the king of Kosala and sister of
Pasenadi. She is included among the eminent upāsikās (A.iv.347). She once
visited the Buddha, with five hundred royal maidens in five hundred royal
chariots, and questioned him regarding the efficacy of giving (See
Sumanārājakumārī Sutta, A.iii.32f).
The Commentary explains (AA.ii.593f ) that these five hundred companions were
born on the same day as herself. She was seven years old when the Buddha paid
his first visit to Sāvatthi, and she was
present at the dedication of Jetavana with her
five hundred companions, carrying vases, flowers, etc., as offering to the
Buddha. After the Buddha's sermon she became a
It is said that, in the time of Vipassī Buddha, she belonged to a setthi
family, her father being dead. When the people, almost at the point of the
sword, obtained the king's permission to entertain the Buddha and his monks, it
was the senāpati's privilege to invite the Buddha to his house on the first day.
When Sumanā came back from playing, she found her mother in tears, and when
asked the reason, her mother replied, "If your father had been alive, ours would
have been the privilege of entertaining the Buddha today." Sumanā comforted her
by saying that that honour should yet be theirs. She filled a golden bowl with
richly flavoured milk rice, covering it with another bowl. She then wrapped both
vessels all round with jasmine flowers and left the house with her slaves. On
the way to the senāpati's house she was stopped by his men, but she coaxed them
to let her pass, and, as the Buddha approached, saying that she wished to offer
him a jasmine garland, she put the two vessels into his alms bowl. She then made
the resolve that in every subsequent birth she should be named Sumanā and that
her body should be like a garland of jasmine. When the Buddha arrived in the
senāpati's house and was served first with soup, he covered his bowl saying that
he had already been given his food. At the end of the meal the senāpati made
enquiries, and, full of admiration for Sumanā's courage, invited her to his
house and made her his chief consort. Ever after that she was known as Sumanā,
and, wherever she was born, a shower of jasmine flowers fell knee deep on the
day of her birth.
According to the Therīgāthā Commentary (ThigA.22f), Sumanā joined the Order
in her old age. She was present when the Buddha preached to Pasenadi, the
discourse (S.i.68-70) beginning with, "There are four young creatures, Sire, who
may not be disregarded," and Pasenadi was established in the Refuges and the
Precepts. Sumanā wished to leave the world, but put off doing so that she might
look after her grandmother as long as she lived.
After the grandmother's death, Sumanā went with Pasenadi to the vihāra,
taking such things as rugs and carpets, which she presented to the Order. The
Buddha preached to her and to Pasenadi, and she became an
anāgāmī. She then sought ordination, and,
at the conclusion of the stanzas (Thig.vs.16) preached to her by the Buddha,
7. Sumanā Therī. She was a Sākiyan maiden, belonging to the harem of
the Bodhisatta before his renunciation. She joined the Order under Mahā Pajāpatī
Gotamī, and, as she sat meditating, the Buddha appeared before her in a ray of
glory. She developed insight and became an arahant. Thig.vs.14; ThigA.20.
8. Sumanā. Wife of Siddhattha Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.xvii.15;
BuA.185,187 calls her Somanassā.
9. Sumanā. See Sumanadevī.
10. Sumanā. An aggasāvikā of Metteyya Buddha. Anāgat.vs.98.
11. Sumanā. The name of Ubbirī, when she was born in Bhokkantagāma, as
the daughter of Sumana. She married Lakuntaka Atimbara, Dutthagāmanīís minister.
Later she joined the Pañcabalaka nuns and became an arahant. See Ubbirī (1).
12. Sumanā. An eminent teacher of the Vinaya in Ceylon. Dpv. xviii.17.
13. Sumanā. One of four women of Pannakatanagara in
Esikārattha. They saw a monk begging for alms, and
one gave him a sheaf of indīvara-flowers, another a handful of blue lilies,
another of lotuses, and the fourth some jasmine blossoms. They were all reborn
in Tāvatimsa, their vimānas adjoining each
Moggallāna saw them and learnt their story, which is recorded in the
Vimānavatthu as the story of the Caturitthivimāna.
The last mentioned of the women, who offered sumana-flowers, was called
Sumanā. Vv.iv.7; VvA.195f.
14. Sumanā.Wife of Ariyagālatissa (q.v.).
15. Sumanā. A woman of the Mahāvālukavīthi in Anurādhapura. She spent
much time in the monastery and was sent away in anger by her husband. She
starved for seven days, and on the way back to her house from Mahāgāma, where
she was married, gave some food, which Sakka provided for her, to
Mahādhammadinna Thera of Talangapabbata, at Nigrodhasālakhanda. Later, another
deity took her in a cart to Gulapūvatintini, near Anurādhapura. The king,
hearing of her, made her his chief queen. Ras.ii.49f.