A short collection of eighty stories, in
eight vaggas, containing solemn utterances of the Buddha, made on special
occasions. The Udāna proper, comprising the Buddha's utterances, is mostly in
verse, in ordinary metres (Sloka, Tristubh, Jagatī), seldom in prose (E.g.,
iii.10; viii.1, 3, 4). Each Udāna is accompanied by a prose account of the
circumstances in which it was uttered.
The book forms the third division of the
Khudda-kanikāya (DA.i.17; but see p.15, where it is the seventh).
Udāna is also the name of a portion of
the Pitakas in their arrangement according to matter (anga). Thus divided, into
this category fall eighty-two suttas, containing verses uttered in a state of
joy (DA.i.23-4; see also UdA. pp.2-3).
The prose-and-verse stories of the Udāna
seem to have formed the model for the Dhammapada Commentary (See Bud. Legends,
The Udāna is also the source of twelve
stories of the same Commentary and contains parallels for three others. About
one-third of the Udāna is embodied in these stories. See, ibid., i.47-8, for