1. Ujjenī. The capital of
In the Buddha's time, Canda-Pajjota (Vin.i.276; DhA.i.192) was king of Ujjenī
and there was friendly intercourse between that city and
Magadha, whose king was Seniya
Bimbisāra. After Bimbisāra's death, however, Pajjota seems to have
contemplated a war against Ajātasathu. See M.iii.7.
There was an old trade-route from Ujjenī
to Benares and the merchants of the two cities showed healthy rivalry not only
in trade, but also in matters of culture. See, e.g., J. ii.248ff., where the
merchants of Benares compare their musician Guttila with
Mūsila, the chief
fiddler of Ujjenī.
It was while going with a caravan to
Ujjenī, that Sona Kutikanna (4) met the Peta, whose
words made him decide to renounce household life (UdA.307f).
The road taken by
Bāvarī's disciples ran
through Ujjenī (Sn.v.1011).
Ujjenī was also the birthplace of
Kaccāna (ThagA.ii.483), of Isidāsī (Thig.v.405), of
Abhaya (ThagA.i41) and of the
courtesan Padumavatī, mother of
Before succeeding to his father's throne
at Pātaliputta, Asoka reigned for several years as Viceroy at Ujjenī, and it was
during this period that Mahinda and
Sanghamittā were born (Mhv.Xiii.10ff;
Mahinda spent six months in Dakkhinagiri
Vihāra in Ujjenī, prior to his visit to Ceylon (Mhv.Xiii.5).
From the same vihāra forty thousand
monks were present, under the leadership of Mahā Sangharakkhita, at the
foundation of the Mahā Thūpa in Anurādhapura (Mhv.Xxix.35).
The Jātakas speak of Ujjenī as having
been the capital of Avanti from very ancient times. E.g., in J. iv.390, where
Avanti Mahārāja rules in Ujjenī as capital of Avanti. But in the Mahāgovinda
Sutta (D.ii.235), Māhissatī is mentioned as the capital of Avanti. Perhaps
Māhissatī lost its importance later and gave place to Ujjenī, for we find
Māhissatī mentioned just before Ujjenī among the places passed by Bāvarī's
pupils on their way to Sāvatthi (Sn.v.1011).
Ujjenī is identical with the Greek Ozene,
about 77° E. and 23° N. (Bud. India, p.40; see also CAGI, 560, and Beal. ii.270
for Hiouen Thsang's description of it).
2. Ujjenī. A city in Ceylon, founded by Vijaya's minister Accutagāmī (Dpv.ix.36; Mhv.vii.45).
3. Ujjenī. A township (nigama), the
residence of the banker's daughter Rucinandā, who gave a meal of milk-rice to
Padumuttara Buddha just before his Enlightenment (BuA.158).