A district (janapada) in the region
identified with modern Orissa (CAG., p.733). The merchants
Tapassu and Bhalluka
were on the way from Ukkalā, when a certain deva, an erstwhile relative of
theirs, advised them to visit the Buddha at Rājāyatanamūla, near
Uruvelā, and to
offer food to him, which they did (Vin.i.4). They were on the way to Majjhimadesa (J.i.80). According to the Theragāthā Commentary (i.48f) there were
caravan drivers of a city called Pokkharavatī (probably a town in Ukkalā). Their
destination was evidently Rājagaha, for we find them visiting the Buddha there
after the first sermon and hearing him preach.
The men of Ukkalā, together with those
of Vassa and Bhañña, are represented as being deniers of cause and effect,
deniers of reality (ahetuvādā, akiriyavādā, natthikavādā). (A.ii.31; S. iii.72;
M.iii.78; Kvu.60; AA.ii.497; see also KS.iii.63, and GS.ii.34, n.3).
The Mahāvastu (iii.303) places Ukkalā in
the Uttarāpatha and mentions Adhisthāna as the place from which Tapussa and
The Mahābhārata (E.g., in Bhīsmapārvan
ix.365; Drona iv.122) mentions the Ukkalas several times in lists of tribes (va.