A town in Kosala, near the Himālaya. It has
been given, free from all taxes (as brahmadeyya), to
Pokkharasātī by the king of Kosala, in
recognition of the former's skill. It was thickly populated and had much
grassland, woodland and corn (D.i.87; DA.i.245). The
Icchānangala wood was in the
neighbourhood, and when the Buddha was staying in the wood Pokkharasātī first
sent his pupil Ambattha and then went himself
to visit the Buddha (see the Ambattha Sutta).
There was a road which connected Ukkatthā with
Setavyā (A.ii.37) and with Vesāli
(J.ii.259). Chatta goes from Setavyā to Ukkatthā to learn under Pokkharasātī
It was in the Subhagavana at Ukkatthā that
the Mūlapariyāya Sutta (M.i.1ff) was
preached and the Mūlapariyāya Jātaka
(J.ii.259ff) was related in connection with it. Ukkatthā was the residence of
Buddhaghosa explains (MA.i.9; AA.ii.504)
that the city was so called because it was built by the light of torches (ukkā)
at night, in order that it might be completed within the auspicious time.
In the Brahmanimantika Sutta
(M.i.326; but see S. i.142; J. iii.359), the Buddha says that it was while he was
residing at Subhagavana that be became aware of the erroneous views of
Baka-brahma and went to the
Brahma-world to teach Baka the truth.
The Divyāvadāna calls the city Ukkatā (p.621).