1. Usabha Thera. An arahant. He was born
of a wealthy family in Kosala and entered the Order, when the Buddha accepted
Jetavana. Finishing his novitiate, he dwelt amidst the mountains. Going out one
day from his cave after the rains, he saw the loveliness of the woods and
mountains and reflected, "These trees and creepers, though unconscious, yet by
the season's fulfilment, have won full growth. Why should not I, who have
obtained suitable season, win growth by good qualities?" Pondering thus, he
strove and obtained insight (Thag.v.110; ThagA.i.217f).
In the time of Sikhī Buddha, be was a
devaputta and offered flowers to the Buddha, which remained as a canopy over the
Buddha's head for seven days. Ten kappas ago be was a king named Jutindhara. He
is evidently to be identified with Mandāravapūjaka of the Apadāna. Ap.i.178.
2. Usabha. He was born of a Sākyan
family in Kapilavatthu. When the Buddha visited his family, Usabha saw his power
and wisdom and entered the Order. But he fulfilled no religious duties, passing
the day in society and the night in sleep. One night he dreamt that he shaved,
put on a crimson cloak, and, sitting on a elephant, entered the town for alms.
There, seeing the people gathered together, he dismounted, full of shame. Filled
with anguish at the thought of his own muddleheaded ness, he strove after
insight and became an arahant (Thag.197-8; ThagA.i.319f).
In the time of Sikhī Buddha he was a
householder and gave to the Buddha a kosamba-fruit. He is evidently identical
with Kosambaphaliya of the Apadāna. Ap.ii.449.
3. Usabha. A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned
in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70.
4. Usabha. A setthi of Kālacampā, father
of Sona Kolvisa (AA.i.131; ThagA.i.544).