1. Uttara. A Thera. He was the son of an eminent Brahmin of
Sāvatthi, according to the Apadāna). He became proficient in Vedic lore and
renowned for his breeding, beauty, wisdom and virtue. The king's minister,
Vassakāra, seeing his attainments, desired to
marry him to his daughter; but Uttara, with his heart set on release, declined,
and learnt the Doctrine under Sāriputta.
Later he entered the Order and waited on Sāriputta.
One day Sāriputta fell ill and Uttara set out early to find a physician. On
the way he set down his bowl by a lake and went down to wash his mouth. A
certain thief, pursued by the police, dropped his stolen jewels into the
novice's bowl and fled. Uttara was brought before Vassakāra who, to satisfy his
grudge, ordered him to be impaled. The Buddha, seeing the ripeness of his
insight, went to him and placing a gentle hand, "like a shower of crimson gold,"
on Uttara's head, spoke to him and encouraged him to reflection. Transported
with joy and rapture at the Master's touch, he attained sixfold
became arahant. Rising from the stake, he stood in mid-air and his wound was
healed. Addressing his fellow-celibates, be told them how, when he realised the
evils of rebirth, he forgot the lesser evil of present pain (Thag.vv.121-2;
In the time of Sumedha Buddha, he bad been a Vijjādhara. Once, while flying
through the air, he saw the Buddha at the foot of a tree in the forest and,
being glad, offered him three kanikāra flowers.
By the Buddha's power, the flowers stood above him forming a canopy. The
Vijjādhara was later born in Tāvatimsa, where his palace was known as Kanikāra.
He was king of the gods one hundred and five times, and king of men one
hundred and three times.
According to the Apadāna (quoted in ThigA.), he became an arahant at the age
of seven. This does not agree with the rest of the story and is probably due to
a confusion with some other Uttara.
Uttara is probably to be identified with Tīnikpikārapupphiya of the Apadāna.
2. Uttara. A thera. He was the son of a brahmin of
Sāketa. While on some business at
Sāvatthi, he saw the
Twin Miracle and, when the Buddha
preached the Kālakārāma Sutta at Sāketa, he
entered the Order. He accompanied the Buddha to Rājagaha and there became an
arahant (Thag.vv.161-2; ThagA.i.283f).
During the time of Siddhattha Buddha he had
been a householder and became a believer in the Buddha. When the Buddha died, he
called together his relations and together they paid great honour to the relics.
He is evidently identical with Dhātupūjaka of the Apadāna (ii.425).
It is probably this Thera who is mentioned in the
Uttara Sutta (A.iv.162ff).
3. Uttara. A devaputta who visits the Buddha at the
Sāketa. He utters a stanza, and the
another stanza, amplifies what he has said. S. i.54.
4. Uttara. A thera. At the time of the
Vajjian heresy, he was the attendant of
the Elder Revata and had been twenty years in the
Order. The Vajjians of Vesāli went to him and, after much persuasion, succeeded
in getting him to accept one robe from them.
In return for this he agreed to say before the Sangha that the
Bhikkhus held the true Doctrine and that the Pāveyyaka monks did not.
Thereafter Uttara went to Revata, but Revata, on hearing what he had done,
instantly dismissed him from attendance upon him. When the Vesāli monks were
informed of the occurrence, they took the nissaya from Uttara and became his
pupils. Vin.ii.302-3; Mhv.iv.30.
5. Uttara. An arahant. He, with
Sona, was sent by Asoka,
at the conclusion of the Third Council, to convert
Suvannabhūmi. They overcame the female
demon and her followers, who had, been in the habit of coming out of the sea to
eat the king's sons, and they then recited the
Brahmajāla Sutta. Sixty thousand people became converts, five hundred
noblemen became monks and fifteen hundred women of good family were ordained as
Thenceforth all princes born in the royal household were called Sonuttara.
Mhv.iv.6; 44-54; Sp.i.68f; Mbv.115; The Dpv.vamsa speaks of Sonuttara as one
6. Uttara. A brahmin youth (Uttara-mānava), pupil of
Pārāsariya. He once visited the Buddha at
Kajangalā in the
Mukheluvana and the Buddha preached to
him the Indriya-bhāvanā Sutta
Perhaps it is this same mānava that is mentioned in the
Pāyāsi Sutta. When
Pāyāsi Rājañña was converted by Kumāra
Kassapa, he instituted almsgiving to all and sundry, but the gifts he gave
consisted of such things as gruel and scraps of food and coarse robes. Uttara,
who was one of his retainers, spoke sarcastically of Pāyāsi's generosity, and on
being challenged by Pāyāsi to show what should be done, Uttara gave gladly and
with his own hands excellent foods and garments. As a result, after death, while
Pāyāsi was born only in the empty Serisakavimāna
of the Cātummahārājika world, Uttara
was born in Tāvatimsa. D.ii.354-7; see also
VvA.297f. where the details are slightly different.
7. Uttara. A youth of Kosambī, son of a minister of King Udena. When
his father died, the youth was appointed by the king to carry out certain works
in the city which his father had left unfinished.
One day, while on his way to the forest to fell timber, he saw Mahā Kaccana
and, being pleased with the thera's demeanour, went and worshipped him. The
thera preached to him, and the youth invited him and his companions to a meal in
his house. At the conclusion of the meal Uttara followed Mahā Kaccāna to the
vihāra and asked him to have his meals always at his house. He later became a
Sotāpanna and built a vihāra. He persuaded most of his relations to join in his
good deeds, but his mother refused to help and abused the monks. As a result she
was born in the peta-world. (See Uttaramātā). PvA.140ff.
8. Uttara. A brahmin youth. When Erakapatta, king of the Nāgas,
offered his daughter's hand to anyone who could answer his questions - hoping
thereby to hear of a Buddha's appearance in the world - Uttara was among those
who aspired to win her. The Buddha, wishing for the welfare of many beings, met
Uttara on his way to the Nāga court and taught him the proper answers to the
questions. At the end of the lesson, Uttara became a Sotāpanna. When he repeated
the answers before the Nāga maiden, Erakapatta was greatly delighted and
accompanied him to the Buddha, who preached to him and to the assembled
9. Uttara. A pupil of Brahmāyu. He was sent by his teacher from
Mithilā to Videha, to find out if the Buddha bore the marks of the Super man.
Having made sure of the presence of all the thirty-two marks on the Buddha's
person, he dogged the Buddha's footsteps for seven months, in order to observe
his carriage in his every posture. At the end of that period, he returned to
Brahmāyu and reported what he had seen (M.ii.134ff; SnA.i.37). Buddhaghosa says
(MA.ii.765) that Uttara became known as Buddhavīmamsaka-mānava on account of his
close watch over the Buddha.
10. Uttara. A youth, evidently a personal attendant of Pasenadi. The
Buddha taught him a stanza to be recited whenever the king sat down to a meal.
The stanza spoke of the merits of moderation in eating. DhA.iv.17; but see
S.i.81-2 for a different version of what is evidently the same incident. There
the youth is called Sudassana.
11. Uttara. A royal prince to whom Konāgamana Buddha preached at
Surindavatī on the full-moon day of Māgha. He later became the Buddha's
aggasāvaka. Bu.xxiv.22; BuA.215; J. i.43.
12. Uttara.Younger brother of Vessabhū Buddha. The Buddha preached
his first sermon to Uttara and Sona at the Aruna pleasaunce near Anupama. Later
Uttara became the Buddha's aggasāvaka. Bu.xxii.23; BuA.205; J. i.42; D.ii.4.
13. Uttara.Son of Kakusandha Buddha in his last birth. Bu.xxiii.17.
14. Uttara. The name of the Bodhisatta in the time of Sumedha Buddha.
He spent eighty crores in giving alms to the Buddha and the monks and later
joined the Order. J. i.37-8; Bu.xii.11.
15. Uttara. A khattiya, father of Mangala Buddha. Bu.iv.22; J. i.34.
16. Uttara. Son of Padumuttara Buddha in his last birth (Bu.xi.21). He
was the Bodhisatta. SA.ii.67; DA.ii.488; but see J. i.37 andBu.xi.11, where the
Bodhisatta's name is given as the Jatila Ratthika.
17. Uttara.Nephew of King Khallatanāga of Ceylon. He conspired with
his brothers to kill the king, and when the plot was discovered committed
suicide by jumping on to a pyre. MT.612.
18. Uttara. A banker, a very rich man of Sāvatthi. He had a son,
designated as Uttara-setthi-putta, whose story is given in the Vattaka Jātaka.
19. Uttara. The city in which Mangala Buddha was born. Bu.iv.22;
20. Uttara. The city of King Arindama. Revata Buddha preached there to
the king and the assembled multitude. BuA.133.
21. Uttara. A township (nigama), near which Revata Buddha spent seven
days, wrapt in meditation. At the conclusion of his meditation, the Buddha
preached to the assembled multitude on the virtues of nirodhasamāpatti.
BuA.133-4. This may be the same as No. 20.
22. Uttara.One of the palaces occupied by Paduma Buddha before his
23. Uttara. A township of the Koliyans. Once, when the Buddha was
staying there, he was visited by the headman Pātaliya. v.l. Uttaraka. S. iv.340.
24. Uttara. A nunnery built by King Mahāsena. Mhv.xxxvii.43.
25. Uttara. A general of Moggallāna I. Cv.xxxix.58.
26. Uttara. A padhānagara built by Uttara (25).
27. Uttara. A minister of Sena I. He built in the Abhayuttara Vihāra a
dwelling-house called Uttarasena. Cv.l.83.
28. Uttara. A thera who, with sixty thousand others, came from the
Vattaniya hermitage in the Vindhyā forest to be present at the foundation
ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa in Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxix.40; Dpv. xix.6.
29. Uttara. A banker of Uttaragāma, father of Uttarā (13). BuA.116.
30. Uttara.An Ājivaka who offered eight handfuls of grass to Mangala
Buddha for his seat. BuA.116.
31. Uttara. See Bherapāsāna