1. Uttarā. A therī. She was born in
Kapilavatthu in a Sākiyan family. She became a lady of the Bodhisatta's
court and later renounced the world with
Pajāpatī Gotamī. When she was
developing insight, the Buddha appeared before her to encourage her and she
became an arahant. Thig.v.15; ThigA.21f.
2. Uttarā.She was the daughter of a clansman's family in Sāvatthi.
Having heard Patācarā preach, she entered the
Order and became an arahant.
The Therīgāthā contains seven verses uttered by her after becoming an
arahant, the result of her determination not to leave the sitting posture till
she had won emancipation. Later she repeated these verses to Patācārā.
3. Uttarā.In the Theragāthā two verses (Thag.vv.1020-1) are
attributed to Ananda, as having been spoken by him in admonition to an upāsikā
named Uttarā, who was filled with the idea of her own beauty. Some say, however,
that these verses were spoken in admonition to those who lost their heads at the
sight of Ambapāli. ThagA.ii.129.
4. Uttarā Nandamātā.Chief of the lay-women
disciples who waited on the Buddha (Bu.xxvi.20).
In the Anguttara Nikāya (i.26), she is described as the best of women disciples
in meditative power (jhāyīnam), but this may refer to another Uttarā. She is
again mentioned (A.iv.347; AA.ii.791) in a list of eminent lay-women disciples,
who observed the fast (uposatha) of the eight precepts.
According to the Anguttara Commentary (i.240ff), she was the daughter of
Punnasīha (Punnaka), a servitor of
Rājagaha. Later, when Punnasīha was made dhana-setthi because of the immense
wealth he gained by virtue of a meal given to
Sāriputta, he held an almsgiving for the Buddha and his monks for seven
days. On the seventh day, at the end of the Buddha's sermon of thanksgiving,
Punnasīha, his wife and daughter, all became Sotāpanna.
When Sumana-setthi asked for Uttarā's hand for his son, his request was
refused because Sumana's family did not belong to the Buddha's faith. Punna sent
word to Sumana that Uttarā was the Buddha's disciple and daily offered flowers
to the Buddha, costing a kahāpana. Later, however, when Sumana promised that
Uttarā should be given flowers worth two kahāpanas, Punna agreed and Uttarā was
married. After several unsuccessful attempts to obtain her husband's permission
to keep the fast, as she had done in her parents' house, she got from her father
fifteen thousand kahāpanas and with these she purchased the services of a
prostitute named Sirimā, to look after
her husband for a fortnight, and with his consent she entered on a fortnight's
uposatha. On the last day of the fast, while Uttarā was busy preparing alms for
the Buddha, her husband, walking along with Sirimā, saw her working hard and
smiled, thinking what a fool she was not to enjoy her wealth. Uttarā, seeing
him, smiled at the thought of his folly in not making proper use of his wealth.
Sirimā, thinking that husband and wife were smiling at each other, regardless of
her presence, flew into a fury and, seizing a pot of boiling oil, threw it at
Uttarā's head. But Uttarā was at that time full of compassion for Sirimā, and
the oil, therefore, did not hurt her at all. Sirimā, realizing her grievous
folly, begged forgiveness of Uttarā, who took her to the Buddha and related the
whole story, asking that he should forgive her. The Buddha preached to Sirimā
and she became a Sotāpanna.
The Vimānavatthu Commentary (pp.631ff; Vv.11f) and the Dhammapada Commentary
(iii.302ff; see also iii.104) give the above story with several variations in
detail. According to these versions, at the end of the Buddha's sermon to Sirimā,
Uttarā became a Sakadāgāmī and her husband and father-in-law Sotāpannas.
After death Uttarā was born in Tāvatimsa in
a Vimāna. Moggallāna saw her in one of his visits to Tāvatimsa and, having
learnt her story, repeated it to the Buddha.
It is curious that Nanda is not mentioned in either account. It has been
suggested (E.g., Brethren 41, n.1) that Uttarā Nandamātā may be identical with
Velukantakī-Nanda-mātā, but I do not think
that the identification is justified. Uttarā's story is given in the
Visuddhi-Magga (p.313) to prove that fire cannot burn the body of a person who
lives in love, and again (p.380-1; also Ps.ii.212; PsA.497), as an instance of
psychic power being diffused by concentration.
5. Uttarā. Wife of Punnasīha (Punnaka) and mother of Uttarā (4).
For her story see Punnasīha.
6. Uttarā.Daughter of Nandaka, general of Pingala, king of Surattha
(PvA.241f). For her story see Nandaka.
7. Uttarā. A little yakkhinī, sister of Punabbasu. For her story see
8. Uttarā.Mother of Mangala Buddha. Bu.iv.18; J. i.34.
9. Uttarā. A brahmin lady, mother of Konāgamana Buddha, and also his
Aggasāvikā. J. i.43; D.ii.7; Bu.xxiv.17, 23.
10. Uttarā. Aggasāvikā of Nārada Buddha. J. i.37; Bu.x.24.
11. Uttarā.Wife of Paduma Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.ix.18.
12. Uttarā.One of the chief women supporters of Vipassī Buddha.
13. Uttarā.Daughter of the banker Uttara. She gave a meal of
milk-rice to Mangala Buddha just before his Enlightenment (BuA.116).