One of the fraternities of monks in
Ceylon, an off-shoot of the Abhayagiri sect. Their headquarters were probably at
the Uttarola Vihāra, built by King Mānavamma, and given to the monks of the
Abhayagiri Vihāra, for having consented to take into the Order his elder
brother, in spite of the fact that he had lost one eye as the result of some
The first chief of Uttarola was the
king's brother himself and he was in charge of six hundred monks. He was granted
great honours and privileges together with five classes of servants to minister
to him. He was also appointed to supervise the guardians of the Tooth Relic
(Cv.lvii.7-11, and 16-26; also Geiger's Trs.i.194, n.2 and 3).
From a Tamil inscription of Mānavamma we
find that he kept up his patronage of the Uttaramūla Nikāya, and it is recorded
that he gave over the custodianship of the Tooth Relic to a monk of this
fraternity, named Moggallāna (Epi. Zey., vol.ii., pt. vi., pp.250ff).
Anuruddha, author of the Anuruddha
Sataka and the Abhidhammattha-Sangaha, describes himself in the colophon to the
former work as an "Upasthavira" of the Uttaramūla Nikāya.
In later years this Nikāya produced many
an illustrious star in Celyon's literary firmament, among them the grammarian
Moggallāna, Vilgammūla, Mahā Thera and Sri Rāhula. For details about them see