A city. When Apacara (Upacara), king of
Ceti, was swallowed up by the fires of Avīci, because of his falsehood, his five
sons came to the brahmin Kapila and sought his protection. He advised them to
build new cities. The city built by the fourth son was called Uttarapañcāla. It
was founded in the north of Ceti, on the spot where the prince saw a wheel-frame
(cakkapañjara) entirely made of jewels (J.iii.461).
According to the scholiast
to the Kāmanīta Jātaka (J.ii.214), however, and also according to the
Jātaka (J.iii.379ff), Pañcāla or Uttarapañcāla is the name of a country (rattha)
whose capital was Kampilla, while in the Brahmadatta Jātaka (iii.79) also in the
scholiast of the Citta-Sambhūta Jātaka (iv.396), Uttarapañcāla is given as the
name of the city and Kampilla as that of the country and we are told that a king
Pañcāla reigned there.
Pañcāla was also the name of the king of
Uttarapañcāla in the Sattigumba Jātaka (iv.430), the
Jayaddisa Jātaka (v.21),
and the Gandatindu Jātaka (v.98). In all these Uttarapañcāla is spoken of as a
city in Kampilla. In the Mahā Ummagga Jātaka (vi.391ff), Culani Brahmadatta is
the king of Uttarapañcāla.
In the Somanassa Jātaka (J.iv.444),
mention is made of a city named Uttarapañcāla in the Kuru country, with Renu as
its king. Whether the reference is to a different city it is not possible to
say. See also Pañcāla.