1. Uttiya, Uttika.He was the son of a brahmin of Sāvatthi. When he
came of age, he left the world, seeking "the Deathless," and became a
Paribbājaka. One day, on his travels, he came to the place where the Buddha was
preaching and entered the Order, but because of the impurity of his morals he
could not win his goal. Seeing other bhikkhus who had achieved their object, he
asked the Buddha for a lesson in brief. The Buddha gave him a short lesson,
which he used for his meditations. During these meditations he fell ill, but in
his anxiety he put forth every effort and became an arahant (Thag.v.30;
In the time of Siddhattha Buddha he was a crocodile in the river Candabhāgā.
One day, seeing the Buddha's desire to cross to the other bank, the crocodile
offered him its back to sit on and took him across.
Seven times he was king of the devas, and three times ruler of men
(Ap.i.79-80). This Uttiya is evidently identical with the thera of the same name
mentioned in the Samyutta Nikāya. In one sutta (S.v.22) the Buddha explains to
him, in answer to his question, the character of the five sensual elements and
the necessity for their abandonment. Elsewhere (S.v.166) he is represented as
asking the Buddha for a lesson in brief, which the Buddha gives him. Dwelling in
solitude, he meditates on this and becomes an arahant.
Perhaps he is also identical with Uttiya Paribbājaka, who is represented in
the Anguttara Nikāya (A.v.193ff) as asking the Buddha various questions on the
duration of the world, etc., and as being helped by Ananda to understand the
real import of the Buddha's answers.
2. Uttiya Thera. He was one of four companions - the others being
Godhika, Subāhu and
Valliya - who were born at
Pāvā as the sons of four Malla-rājās.
They were great friends, and once went together on some embassy to
There they saw the Buddha's Twin Miracle, and, entering the Order, they soon
became arahants. When they went to Rājagaha,
Bimbisāra invited them to spend the
rainy season there and built for each of them a hut, carelessly omitting,
however, to have the huts roofed. So the theras dwelt in the huts unsheltered.
For a long time there was no rain and the king, wondering thereat, remembered
his neglect and had the huts thatched, plastered and painted. He then held a
dedication festival and gave alms to the Order. The Elders went inside the huts
and entered into a meditation of love. Forthwith the sky darkened in the west
and rains fell.
In the time of Siddhattha Buddha the four were householders and friends; one
of them gave to the Buddha a ladleful of food, another fell prostrate before the
Buddha and worshipped him, the third gave him a handful of flowers, while the
fourth paid him homage with sumana-flowers.
In Kassapa's time, too, they were friends and entered the Order together.
3. Uttiya Thera.He was a Sākyan of Kapilavatthu. When the Buddha
visited his kinsmen and showed them his power, Uttiya was converted and entered
the Order. One day, while begging in the village, he heard a woman singing and
his mind was disturbed. Checking himself, he entered the vihāra much agitated
and spent the siesta, seated, striving with such earnestness that he won
arahantship (Thag.v.99; ThagA.i.202-3).
In the time of Sumedha Buddha he was a householder and gave to the Buddha a
bed, complete with canopy and rug.
Twenty kappas ago he was three times king under the name of Suvannābha.
He is probably identical with Pallankadāyaka of the Apadāna (Ap.i.175).
4. Uttiya.In the Kathāvatthu (i.268) mention is made of a householder
Uttiya, together with Yasa-Kulaputta and Setu-mānava, as having attained
arahantship while living amid the circumstances of a layman's life.
5. Uttiya.One of the theras who accompanied Mahinda on his mission to
Ceylon (Mhv.Xii.8; Dpv. xii.12; Sp.i.70; Mbv.116). King Sirimeghavanna had an
image of Uttiya made and placed in the image house which he built at the
south-eastern corner of his palace. Cv.xxxvii.87.
6. Uttiya.King of Ceylon for ten years (207-197 B.C.) (Dpv.xii.75;
Mhv.Xx.57). He was the fourth son of Mutasīva and succeeded Devānampiyatissa. In
the eighth year of his reign died Mahinda (Mhv.Xx.33), and in the ninth,
Sanghamittā (Mhv.Xx.49). He held great celebrations in honour of these two
illustrious dead and built thūpas in various places over their ashes. The
Mahāvamsa Tīkā (p.253) adds that Uttiya built a cetiya at the Somanassamālaka.
7. Uttiya.One of the seven warriors of King Vattagāmanī. He built the
Dakkhina-vihāra to the south of Anurādhapura. Mhv.xxxiii.88.
8. Uttiya.See Ayya-Uttiya.