The 3 Root States of all, that is Advantageous:
By means of Non-Greed, they are not greedy,
lusty, desirous, yearning, or longing.
Non-greed has the characteristic of eased absence of desire for any given object.
It does not cling, attach, or adhere, but rolls off like a water drop on a lotus
The function of non-greed is not to lay hold on, grasp, fasten, or cling to anything.
It is manifested as a state of not treating as a shelter, like one who leaves
they do not react with hate, anger, irritation, or opposition.
Non-hate has the characteristic of lack of cruelty. Gently, it does not oppose...
Its function is to remove any fever of
annoyance, & allay all fury of exasperation.
Non-hate is manifested as a pleasant and mild
agreeableness, like the full moon :-)
they are not ignorant, confused, in doubt, or perplexed...
Non-delusion has the characteristic of seeing
right through, penetrating to the real
nature of phenomena, understanding their essence, and not just their appearance...
The function of non-delusion is to illuminate the object
from everywhere, like a
Non-delusion is manifested as non-bewilderment, like a clever guide in a
These three states should be regarded as the roots of all that is advantageous!
Visuddhimagga: The Path of Purification:
More on the
3 Roots of Good and Evil (Mūla):