Buddha's Birth, Enlightenment, and Parinibbana:
Worthy is Vesak -
Dhamma on Air #99
(Wesak) Day celebrates the birth, Enlightenment,
Rejoice! Keep clean, calm, cool, clever, and caring...
About this Buddhist
This May full moon
also celebrates the Buddha's third visit to Sri Lanka
the eighth year after his Enlightenment, where he journeyed to
the invitation of the Nāga King
also celebrates the crowning of king
and the laying of the foundation stone of the
Mahā Stūpa (Mhv.Xxix.1)
At this very May full moon in year 528 BC the
by completely perfect and utterly unsurpassable self-Enlightenment!
At that time a girl named
Senani lived in
prayed before a certain Banyan tree, that she might get a good
equal to herself in caste and that her firstborn may be a son.
Her prayer was
successful. Since indeed
it did happen. At the full
moon day of the Wesak
month, she rose at early dawn and milked the
cows. As soon as new buckets
were placed under the cows, the milk
in streams all by
itself! Seeing this miracle,
she knew something special was happening!
That same night the
Buddha dreamt 5 dreams making him conclude:
without any doubt, today I will reach perfect Enlightenment!"
His 5 coloured radiance illuminated the whole tree. Then Sujata came
offered the cooked milk rice into the hands of this Great Being.
Later a local grass-cutter came going with a bundle of grass just harvested
from nearby. He offered the Great Being 8 handfuls of
Kusa grass, when he
saw that this Sage was a Holy Man. The Future Buddha
accepted the grass
and proceeded to the foot of the
Reaching the imperturbable
Eastern side, where all the Buddhas take
their seat, he sat down saying to
himself: This is the immovable
spot, where all the prior supreme Buddhas
have planted themselves! This is the place for destroying this net of desire!
turned his back to the trunk and thus faced east.
Right there, he then resolutely settled on this mighty decision:
Let just blood
and flesh of this body dry up and let skin
and sinews fall from
the bones. I will not leave this seat before having attained the
So determined did he seat
himself in this unconquerable
seat, from which
not a 100 lightning strikes could make him waver.
At this very moment
the rebel deity
Evil One- raised exclaiming: Prince
pass beyond my power, but I will never allow it! And sounding the
shout, he summoned his mighty army for battle. Then
warned his evil
This Sakyamuni, son of Suddhodana,
is far greater than any other
man, so we will never succeed to fight him
up front. We must thus attack
him from the rear. Frustrated, being unable even to
touch this big
of power also with 9 mighty hurricanes of wind, rain,
coals, hot ashes, sand, mud, and darkness
somewhat in panic shouted
at his army: "Why do you all stand still?
Seize, kill and drive away this prince!"
Mara then yelled: "Siddhattha, leave
It is not yours, but mine!"
Hearing this, the Well-gone One
neither have you fulfilled the
10 perfections to the
third degree, nor have
you given the 5 great donations.
you striven for insight, nor for
the welfare of all in the world,
supreme self-enlightenment! Therefore does this very seat surely
not belong to you, but truly
indeed only to me. Suddenly overpowered by fear
fled helter-skelter in all directions. Not two went in the
same direction, but
leaving their weapons in a chaos, they all fled terrified
metaphysical panic. Seeing them flee thus, the great assembly of deities
celebrate this truly sublime, wonderful and unique victory! It was before
the sun had set that the
Tathagata conquered Mara,
and defeated his army.
That same night, after having bathed,
while the Bo tree rained red sprigs onto
his robe, The Consummate One
gained knowledge of his prior lives during the
1st watch of the night: "With the mind thus concentrated, purified, bright,
focused, tractable, compliant, steady and imperturbable, I directed
mind to remembrance of my past lives. I recollected many
past lives, i.e.,
re-birth, two...five, ten... 50, a hundred, a thousand, 100 thousand, many eons
of cosmic contraction,
and many eons of cosmic expansion:
There I had such
a name, belonged to such a clan and species, had such
a body. Such was my food,
such my life of pleasures and pains. Such was
the end of my life. Passing away
from that state, I re-arose there.
There I had such name, belonged to such
a sort and family, had such a
form. Such was my food, such my experience of
pleasures and pains. Such
was the end of my life. Passing away from that state,
I re-arose here.
Thus I remembered my various past lives in all their various
manifold details. This was the first knowledge I attained in the
watch of the night. Ignorance was destroyed; this knowledge arose;
darkness was destroyed; light arose as happens in one, who is alert,
and determined. But this very pleasant feeling that arose by this
invade my mind, nor remain. With the mind thus concentrated,
intact, pliant, malleable, steady, and totally imperturbable,
I directed it to
the knowledge of the passing away, and reappearance
of beings. I saw by
means of the
divine eye, purified,
and surpassing the
human eye! I saw beings
passing away, and re-appearing, and I realized how,
and why they are high or low,
beautiful or ugly, fortunate and
unfortunate all in exact accordance with
the intentions of their prior
actions: These beings who were endowed with
bad behaviour of body,
speech, and mind, who reviled the
Noble Ones, held
views, and acted
under the influence of wrong views, with the break-up
of the body,
after death, have re-appeared in the plane of misery, the bad
painful destination, the lower realms, even in hell. But the beings who were
gifted with good behaviour of body, speech and mind, who did not revile
Noble Ones, who held right views and acted under the influence
views after the break-up of the body, after the death, have
happy destinations, even in a divine world!
Thus by means of the divine eye,
purified and surpassing the human I
saw beings passing away and re-appearing,
all in accordance with their particular mixture of
good and bad
But the satisfaction that arose here did neither invade my mind, nor remain.
With the mind thus concentrated, and completely absorbed, I then directed
it towards understanding
the ending of mental fermentation. I realized how
comes to be, that:
All this and such is
Such is the
Cause of Suffering...
Such is the
End of Suffering...
Such is the
Way to End Suffering...
Such was the mental
Such is the Cause of mental
Such is the End of mental
Such is the Way leading to the end of
When my mind saw that, it was instantly freed of the fermentation
sense-desire, it was released from the fermentation of becoming,
became fully uncovered from the fermentation of ignorance. Thus fully
Enlightened - The
perceiving this immense glory, spoke
these 2 solemn verses, which never has been omitted by
any of countless
billions of prior
Through this round of countless existences have I searched, but yet
to find "the Creator", who framed this construction: What Suffering
is such endless birth, ageing, decay, sickness, and ever repeated death!
Now I see that
"the Constructor" of this Samasaric structure is
Never shall this construction be built again, since all the rafters are shattered
and the main beam is busted and completely broken...
At this calming of all
the mind was finally and ultimately stilled...
Then, friends, this revelation of certainty arose in me: This release
immutable, this is the very last rebirth, this endless reappearance
come to a happy end...
Nibbāna is verily the Highest Bliss!
About Absolute Awakening!
Good Picture video of the Gotama Buddha's
The Jātaka Nidāna. The story of Gotama Buddha.
Tr. by N.A. Jayawickrama,
VESAK FESTIVAL VIDEO, COLOMBO + AUSTRALIA: