1. Bhaddiya Thera. An anāgāmī, one of seven persons who became
arahants as soon as they were born in Avihā.
S.i.35, 60; ThigA. 222, etc.
2. Bhaddiya Thera. Called Kāligodhāputta, chief among monks of
aristocratic birth (uccakulikānam) (A.i.23). He belonged to a family of the
Sākiyan rājas of Kapilavatthu and entered
the Order in the Anupiya Mango grove with
Anuruddha and the others, soon afterwards
attaining to arahantship. Dwelling in the bliss of Nibbāna, under a tree in a
lonely spot, Bhaddiya used to exclaim "Aho sukham, aho sukham." When this was
reported to the Buddha, he questioned Bhaddiya, who answered that when he was
ruling his principality he was well protected, yet was ever fearful and nervous,
whereas now, having renounced all, he was free from all fear (Thag.vss.842-65;
UdA.ii.10; Vin.i.183f.; J. i.140). This incident was the occasion for the
preaching of the Sukhavihārī Jātaka.
Bhaddiya was the son of Kāligodhā, the
senior Sākiyan lady of her time. For five hundred births Bhaddiya had been king,
hence his eminence in this life, though there were others more aristocratic
(AA.i.109). His resolve to gain this distinction was formed in the time of
Padumuttara Buddha, when he was born in a very rich family and did various good
deeds towards that end.
In the interval between Kassapa Buddha and Gotama Buddha, he was a
householder of Benares and, discovering that Pacceka Buddhas took their meals on
the banks of the Ganges, placed seven stone planks for them to sit on
(ThagA.iii.55f.; Ap.i.95f). When Bhaddiya was ruling his Sākiyan principality he
had as general Sona Potiriyaputta, who
later joined the Order (ThagA.ii.316).
Anuruddha was Bhaddiya's great friend, and when Anuruddha wished to renounce
the world, his mother agreed only on condition that Bhaddiya should accompany
him, hoping, in this way, to hold him back. But Anuruddha overcame all
Bhaddiya's objections and persuaded him to renounce the household life within a
It is said (Vin.ii.182f) that Bhaddiya attained arahantship in the first
rainy season after his ordination.
3. Bhaddiya. A city in the
Anga kingdom (DhA.i.384; also iii.363).
The Buddha visited there several times and stayed sometimes at the
Mendaka, who lived there, came to see him
(Vin.ii.242; DhA.iii.363; also A.iii.36).
It was there that the precept was laid down forbidding monks to wear sandals.
Vin.i.190; DhA.iii.451f.; also another ruling re the Pārājikā (Vin.iii.37f).
Bhaddiya was also the residence of Bhaddaji Thera
and Visākhā. v.l. Bhaddika.
J.ii.331, etc.; Dvy.123ff calls it Bhadrankara.
4. Bhaddiya. A setthi, father of Bhaddaji
5. Bhaddiya. See Lakuntaka Bhaddiya.
6. Bhaddiya. One of the four chief merchants of
Ekarāja, king of Pupphavatī (Benares). J. vi.135.
7. Bhaddiya. A Licchavi who visited the Buddha
at the Kūtāgārasālā and asked if it
were true that the Buddha was a magician who, by a
glamorous trick, enticed away the followers of others. The Buddha advised
Bhaddiya not to be led away by hearsay but to judge for himself; and he then
proceeded, by means of question and answer, to convince Bhaddiya that his
teachings were truly founded on fact and, if accepted and practised, would
benefit not only human beings but the very trees of the forest (A.ii.190ff).
The Commentary adds (AA.ii.558) that, at the conclusion of the discourse,
Bhaddiya became a sotāpanna.