Name of the first sermon, preached by
the Buddha, to the Pañcavaggiyas at the Migadāya in
Isipatana, on the full-moon
day of Āsālha. The sutta contains the fundamental principles of the Buddha's
teaching - the avoidance of the two extremes of asceticism and luxury and the
four Ariyan truths including the
Ariyan Eightfold Way.
There was great rejoicing throughout the
Cakkavāla at the preaching of the sermon, and at its conclusion Kondañña
attained to realisation of the Truth - hence his name,
the sutta is also given in S. v.420ff; in neither context is the name of the
sutta given as such; the name occurs only in the Commentaries - e.g., J. i.82;
DA.i.2; AA.i.69, etc; the Sanskrit version is found in Lal.540 (416)f., and in
The sermon was later preached by the
Thera Majjhima in the Himālaya country, when eighty thousand crores of beings
understood the Doctrine (Mhv.Xii.41; Dpv. viii.11).
It was also preached by
Mahinda in Ceylon in the Nandanavana, when one thousand persons were converted.
Mhv.Xv.200; Dpv. xiv.46, etc.