Various lists of Nirayas are found in the books. In the Jātaka Commentary*
occurs the following:
life among humans, in heaven and in hell:
The Samyutta and Anguttara Nikāyas and the Sutta Nipāta contain a different
- Paduma (S.i.149; A.v.173; Sn.p.126; see also Dvy. 67).
The Commentaries explain (E.g., AA.ii.853) that these are not separate
Nirayas but specified periods of suffering in Avīci. The
Devadūta Sutta (M.iii.185) of the Majjhima
Nikāya contains yet another list:
- Asipattavana and
Other names, also, occur sporadically e.g.,
- Khuradhāra (J.v.269),
- Kākola (J.vi.247),
- Sataporisa (J.v.269) and
- Sattisūla (J.v.143).
The most fearful of the Nirayas is, however, the Avīci-mahā-niraya (see s.v.
* J. v.266, 271; the same list is found in Dvy.67, except that Raurava is
substituted for Jalaroruva and Mahāraurava for Dhūmaroruva.
The twenty second chapter of the Dhammapada.
1. Niraya Sutta
Five things that lead to hell: destruction of life, theft, lust, falsehood,
liquor. A.iii.170; also 204.
2. Niraya Sutta
Six things that lead to hell: (A.iii.432)
- taking life,
- living carnally,
- evil desires and
- wrong views.