King of Ceylon (377-307 B.C.).
He was the son of Dighagāmanī and
Ummāda Cittā and was protected from death in infancy by Citta
and Kālavela, who afterwards became Yakkhas.
He was brought up by a man in Dvāramandalaka, but several times his uncles, discovering his whereabouts, tried
to kill him, for it had been foretold that he would slay his uncles in order to
obtain possession of the kingdom.
At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to
the brahmin Pandula, who taught him various arts and provided him later with the
necessary money for an army. Pandula's son, Canda, was given as friend and
counsellor to Pandukābhaya. Pandukābhaya married, by force, a maiden named
Suvannapālī, and declared war upon his uncles, all of whom, except the eldest,
Abhaya, had determined to slay him. With the help of the Yakkhinī
Cetiyā, who dwelt in Dhūmarakkhapabbata, Pandukābhaya made all preparations for
a final campaign against his uncles.
For four years he lived in Dhūmarakkha, and
then for seven in Aritthapabbata. Following the counsel of Cetiyā, he enticed
his uncles into a trap, and slew them and their followers at Lābugāmaka. He then
proceeded to Anurādhagāma, where he set up his capital, which, thenceforward,
came to be called Anurādhapura. His uncle, Abhaya, was made Nagaraguttika, and
to him was given over the government of the city by night.
After establishing peace in the land, Pandukābhaya
proceeded to lay out his capital as a city, and among the buildings which he
erected were hermitages for the Niganthas Jotiya, Giri and Kumbhanda, and
dwellings for the Ājīvakas, the brahmins, etc. He also marked out the boundaries
of the villages throughout the island. He ruled for seventy years, and died at
the age of 107. He was succeeded by his son Mutasīva. Mhv.ix.28; x.1ff.; xi.1;
Dpv.v.69, 81; x.9; xi.1 12.