The thirteenth of the twenty four Buddhas. He was born in
Sudhañña (Sudassana) and his mother was Sucandā (Candā). He was called Piyadassī
because he showed many pleasing miracles. For nine thousand years he lived as a
layman in three palaces: Sunimala Vimala and Giriguhā (Giribrahā). His wife was
Vimalā and his son Kañcanavela (Kañcana). He left home in a chariot and
practised austerities for six months. He was given milk rice by Vasabha's
daughter and grass for his seat by the Ajīvaka Sujāta. His, bodhi was a Kakudha
tree. Among his converts were the deva king Sudassana and the elephant Donamukha.
A monk named Sona conspired with Prince Mahāpaduma to kill the Buddha, Donamukha
being the elephant they used in their unsuccessful plot. cp. Nālāgiri.
Piyadassī's chief disciples were Pālita and Sabbadassī
among monks and Sujātā and Dhammadinnā among nuns, his constant attendant being
Sobhita. Sannaka and Dhammika were his chief lay patrons among men, and Visākhi
and Dhammadinnā among women. He lived for ninety thousand years and died at
Assatthārāma, his thūpa being three leagues in height.
The Bodhisatta of that
time was a brahmin named Kassapa, and he built a monastery for the Buddha at a
cost of one hundred thousand crores. Bu.xiv.1ff.; BuA.172ff.; J. i.38f., etc.
A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.69; Ap.i.106.
3. Piyadassī Thera
An arahant. He was present with sixty thousand others,
from Jetārāma, at the foundation ceremony of the Mahā Thūpa (Dpv.xix.15;
Mhv.Xxix.32). He stood on the north east side at the ceremony, and at the close
of it he preached to Dutthagāmanī. Ibid., 65; MT. 531.
A setthi of Sudassananigama, whose daughter gave milk rice
to Sikhī Buddha. BaA. 201.
A Thera of Ceylon, incumbent of the Devarāja vihāra. He
was a pupil of the grammarian Moggallāna and wrote the Pāli grammar, Padasādhana.
A name for Dhammāsoka.