1. Subrahmā. A Devaputta. He visits the Buddha at Veluvana and tells
him that his heart is full of dismay. The Buddha replies that the only path out
of sorrow is by way of wisdom, renunciation and restraint (S.i.53).
According to the Commentary, (SA.i.88f.; DA.iii.750; MA.i.190f ), he was a
devaputta of Tāvatimsa, and one day went to
the Nandana Park with one thousand nymphs.
Five hundred of them sat with him under the Pāricchattaka-tree, while the others
climbed the tree, from which they threw garlands and sang songs. Suddenly all of
them vanished and were born in Avīci. Subrahmā, discovering their destiny and
investigating his own, finds that he has only seven days more to live. Full of
grief, he seeks the Buddha for consolation. At the end of the Buddha's discourse
he becomes a sotāpanna.
2. Subrahmā. A Pacceka Brahmā. He was a follower of the Buddha, and,
after visiting him together with Suddhavāsa, he
went on to another Brahmā, who was infatuated with his own importance. There, by
a display of magic power, Subrahmā convinced him that he was far more powerful
than the Brahmā, but declared that his own power was as nothing compared with
that of the Buddha (S.i.146f).
On another occasion, Subrahmā visited the Buddha to declare the folly of
Kokālika and of
Katamoraka Tissa (S.i.148).
Subrahmā was present at the preaching of the
Mahāsamaya Sutta. D.ii.261.
3. Subrahmā. A brahmin who will be the father of
Metteyya Buddha. His wife will be Brahmavatī
(DhSA.415; Vsm.434). He will be the chaplain of King Sankha (Anāgat.vs.96).
According to the Mahāvamsa (Mhv.Xxxii.82) he is identical with Kākavannatissa.