Among various groups of powers the following five are most frequently met
with in the texts:
- (1) faith (saddhā),
- (2) energy (viriya),
- (3) mindfulness (sati),
- (4) concentration (samādhi),
- (5) wisdom (paññā).
Their particular aspect, distinguishing them from the corresponding 5
spiritual abilities (indriya), is that
they are unshakable by their opposites:
- (1) the power of faith is unshakable by faithlessness (unbelief);
- (2) energy, by laziness;
- (3) mindfulness, by forgetfulness;
- (4) concentration, by distractedness;
- (5) wisdom, by ignorance (see Pts.M., ñāna Kathā).
They represent, therefore, the aspect of firmness in the spiritual abilities.
According to A.V.15,
- (1) the power becomes manifest in the 4 qualities of the Stream-winner (sotāpannassa
- (2) in the 4 right efforts (s. padhāna),
- (3) in the 4 foundations of mindfulness (satipatthāna),
- (4) in the 4 absorptions (jhāna),
- (5) in the (full comprehension of the) 4 Noble Truths (sacca).
Cf. S.XLVIII.43; S.L. (Bala Samyutta).
In A.VII.3, the powers of moral shame (hiri)
and moral dread (ottappa) are added to the aforementioned five Several
other groups of 2 (s.
patisankhāna-bala), 4, 5 and more powers are mentioned in the texts. -
About the 10 powers of a Buddha, s. dasa-bala.