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  • nāma

(lit. 'name'): 'mind', mentality.

This term is generally used as a collective name for the 4 mental groups (arūpino khandha), viz.

  • feeling (vedanā),

  • perception (saññā),

  • mental constructions (sankhāra) and

  • consciousness (viññāna).

Within the 4th link (nāma-rūpa) in the formula of the paticcasamuppāda (q.v.), however, it applies only to karma-resultant (vipāka) feeling and perception and a few karma-resultant mental functions inseparable from any consciousness.

As it is said (M.9; D.15; S.XII.2): "Feeling (vedanā), perception (saññā), intention (cetanā), contact (phassa), mental advertence (manasikāra): this, o brother, is called mind (nāma)."

With the addition of 2 more mental factors, namely, mental vitality (jīvita) and concentration (samādhi), here 'stationary phase of mind' (cittatthiti), these 7 factors are said in the Abhidhammattha Sangaha to be the inseparable mental factors in any state of consciousness.

For the complete list of all the 50 mental constructions of the sankhāra-kkhandha (not including feeling and perception), s. Tab. II.


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