(lit. 'name and form'): 'mind-and-body',
mentality and materiality. It is the 4th link in the dependent origination (s. paticcasamuppāda
3, 4) where it is conditioned by consciousness, and on its part is the condition
of the sixfold sense-source. In two texts (D. 14, 15), which contain variations of
the dependent origination, the mutual conditioning of consciousness and
mind-and-body is described (see also S. XII, 67), and the latter is said to be a
condition of sense-contact (phassa); so also in Sn. 872.
The third of the seven purifications (s. visuddhi),
the purification of views, is defined in Vis.M. XVIII as the "correct
seeing of mind-and-body," and various methods for the discernment of
mind-and-body by way of insight-meditation (vipassanā, q.v.) are given
there. In this context, 'mind' (nāma) comprises all four mental groups,
including consciousness. - See nāma.
In five-group-existence (pañca-vokāra-bhava, q.v.),
mind-and body are inseparable and interdependent; and this has been illustrated
by comparing them with two sheaves of reeds propped against each other: when one
falls the other will fall, too; and with a blind man with stout legs, carrying
on his shoulders a lame cripple with keen eye-sight: only by mutual assistance
can they move about efficiently (s. Vis.M. XVIII, 32ff). On their mutual
dependence, see also paticca-samuppāda (3).
With regard to the impersonality and dependent nature of mind
and materiality it is said:
"Sound is not a thing that dwells inside the conch-shell
and comes out from time to time, but due to both, the conch-shell and the man
that blows it, sound comes to arise: Just so, due to the presence of vitality,
heat and consciousness, this body may execute the acts of going, standing,
sitting and lying down, and the 5 sense-organs and the mind may perform their
various functions" (D. 23).
"Just as a wooden puppet though unsubstantial, lifeless
and inactive may by means of pulling strings be made to move about, stand up,
and appear full of life and activity; just so are mind and body, as such,
something empty, lifeless and inactive; but by means of their mutual working
together, this mental and bodily combination may move about, stand up, and
appear full of life and activity."