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  • sikkhāpada

'steps of training', moral rules.

The 5 moral rules, also called pañca-sīla which are binding on all Buddhist laymen, are:

  • (1) abstaining from killing any living being,
  • (2) from stealing,
  • (3) from unlawful sexual intercourse,
  • (4) from lying,
  • (5) from the use of intoxicants. (s. surāmeraya etc.)

The 10 rules (dasa-sīla) are binding on all novices and monks, namely:

  • (1) abstaining from killing,
  • (2) from stealing,
  • (3) from unchastity,
  • (4) from lying,
  • (5) from the use of intoxicants,
  • (6) from eating after midday,
  • (7) from dancing, singing, music and shows,
  • (8) from garlands, scents, cosmetics and adornments, etc.,
  • (9) from luxurious beds,
  • (10) from accepting gold and silver.

In the 8 rules (attha-sīla) which on full and new moon days, and on the first and last quarter of the moon, are observed by many lay-followers (upāsaka), the 7th and 8th of the above 10 rules are fused into one as the 7th rule, while the 9th becomes the 8th.


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