pleasant, happy; happiness, pleasure, joy, bliss.
It is one of the three feelings (s. vedanā) and may be either bodily or
The texts distinguish between the happiness of the senses and the
renunciation (A. II), worldly (carnal; sāmisa) and unworldly
(non-carnal; nirāmisa) happiness (M. 10).
See A.II, ch. VIII. -
Happiness is an indispensable condition for attaining concentration of mind (samādhi,
q.v.), and therefore it is one of the 5 factors (or constituents) of the 1st
absorption (jhānanga; s. jhāna) and is present up to the 3rd
absorption inclusively. "The mind of the happy one has concentration as its
fruit and reward" (A.X,1). - "In him who is filled with happiness,
right concentration has found a foundation" (A.X,3).