'Threefold Refuge', in which every faithful
adherent of the Buddha puts his whole trust, consists in the Buddha, the Dhamma
and the Sangha (s. prec.).
The Buddha, or Enlightened One, is the teacher who by himself
has discovered, realized and proclaimed to the world the law of deliverance. The
Dhamma is the law of deliverance. The Sangha is the community of the disciples,
who have realized or are striving to realize the law of deliverance.
The 3-fold Refuge in Pāli, by the uttering of which one may
also outwardly profess one's faith, is still the same as in the Buddha's time,
Buddham saranam gacchāmi
Dhammam saranam gacchāmi
Sangham saranam gacchāmi
I take my refuge in the Buddha!
I take my refuge in the Dhamma!
I take my refuge in the Sangha!
- The Threefold Refuge by Nyanaponika Thera
(WHEEL 76). -
- Devotion in Buddhism (WHEEL 18).
- Going for Refuge, by Bhikkhu Bodhi (WHEEL 282/284) -
- Khp. Tr. pp. 4ff.